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Flashcards in 1st Exam Deck (56):
0

The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies observable human activity without references to human processes.

Behaviorism

1

Behaviorist a dismissed the value of...

Introspection

2

Contemporary psychology is the study of...

Behavior and mental processes

3

The belief that young children are frequently able to make morally correct decisions because imam are endowed with an inborn knowledge and belief is insistent with the beliefs of...

Plato

4

Efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their biology or their home environment....

Nurture vs nature

5

The biopsychosocial approach provides an understanding of social cultural influences integrated within the larger framework of...

Multiple levels of analysis

6

Studies the relative contribution of genes and environment on our differences...

Behavior genetics

7

The distinctive feature of the psychodynamic perspective is its emphasis on...

Unconscious conflicts

8

What perspective focuses on how we learn observable responses?

Behavioral

9

A mom believes her childish a good student because she alway praises his learning efforts. Her belief illustrates a ____ perspective.

Behavioral

10

The cognitive perspective focuses on how....

We encode, process, store, and retrieve information.

11

What perspective is most concerned with how a person interprets their experiences?

Cognitive

12

The hindsight bias refers to a persons tendency to...

Exaggerate their ability to have for seen an outcome.

13

Voters exaggerate their ability to have predicted the outcome of an election. This illustrates....

Hindsight bias

14

Humility is undermined by...

Hindsight bias

15

Our tendency to believe we know more than we do illustrates....

Overconfidence

16

In its early years psychology focused on ______. From the 20s to the 60s the emphasis was on ______.

Mental life
Observable behavior

17

Humanistic physiologist focused on the importance of people's......

Potential for healthy growth

18

In the 60s the cognitive revolution involved a renewal in the interest of the study of ......

Mental processes

19

Hindsight bias and overconfidence lead us to overestimate our...

Intuition

20

By testing their predictions with scientific methods, psychologists are using a(n)...

Empirical approach

21

He scientific attitude requires open minded humility bc it involvesa willingness to ....

Recognize errors in our own ideas.

22

Assessing if solution are warranted by the existing evidence best illustrates....

Critical thinking.

23

The explanatory power of the scientific theory is most closely linked to its capacity to generate testable....

Predictions

24

A hypothesis is a...

Testable prediction that gives direction to research.

25

A correlation prediction is a..

Hypothesis

26

A statement regarding how a researcher measures a research variable is an..

Operational definition

27

What technique involves repeating a study with different participants and circumstances?

Replication

28

What process allows a psychologist to assess the reliability of study findings?

Replication

29

The case study is the research method in which...

A single individual is studied in great depth.

30

In which type of research is a representative, random sample of people asked questions about their behaviors or attitudes?

Survey

31

People often fail to make accurate generalizations because they are unduly influenced by _____ cases.

Vivid

32

In a survey, psychologists select a random sample of research participants in order ensure that...

The participants they are representative of the population they are interested in studying

33

Correlation is a measure of the extent to which two variables...

Vary together

34

Correlational research is most useful for purposes of...

Prediction

35

Which of the following is a statistical measure of the relationship between two variables?

a correlation coefficient

36

To determine whether the strength of people's self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would mostlikely make use of...

Correlation research

37

A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between

Intelligence and academic success

38

If psychologists discovered that wealthy people are less satisfied with their marriages than poor people are, this would indicate that wealth and marital satisfaction are...

Negatively correlated

39

If psychologists discovered that more intelligent parents have smarter children than less intelligent parents, this would demonstrate that...

The intelligence of parents and children is positively correlated.

40

Which method is most helpful for revealing cause-effect relationships?

The experiment

41

In which type of research would an investigator manipulate one factor in order to observe its effect on some behavior or mental process?

Experimentation

42

In a test of the effects of sleep deprivation on problem solving skills, research participants are allowed to sleep for 4 or 8 hours on each of three consecutive nighls. This is .....

An experiment.

43

Being randomly assigned to tne experimental group in a research project involves being assigned ...

To that group by chance

44

Research participants are randomly assigned to different groups in an experiment in order to ...

reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences betwen groups of participants

45

The most foolproof way of testing whether a newly introduced method of psychological therapy is truly effective is to use ...

Experimental research

46

The group exposed to a newly created drug that is being tested in an experiment is called the ____ group.

Experimental

47

Which of the following is true for those assigned to a control group?

The experimental treatment is absent

48

An inert substance that may be administered instead of a drug to see if it produces any of the same effects as the drug is called a...

Placebo

49

In a psychological experiment the experimental factor that is manipulated by the investigator is called the _____ variable.

Independent

50

In an experimental study of men with ED, patients were given either Viagra or placebo. In this study drug dosage is the _______.

Independent variable

51

The experimental factor that is manipulated by the investigator is the _______ variable.

Independent

52

In an experimental study of the effects of anxiety on self esteem, anxiety would be the _____ variable.

Independent

53

The factor that may be influenced by the manipulated experimental treatment is called the _____ variable.

Dependent

54

Which research method assess how well one variable predicts another without specifying a causes do effect relationship between the variables?

The correlation method

55

Enduring traditions, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a large group is their .....

Culture