2 things functionalists believe we need for society to function
Social solidarity and value consensus
2 ways schools create social solidarity according to Durkheim
Teaching social rules
Teaching specialist skills
What is instilling social solidarity?
Transmitting shared norms and values and teaching people how to fit in
Social solidarity AO3
Hargreaves - encourages competition as have top and bottom set
AO3 teaching social rules
Not all students are treated the same - labelling
What are teaching social rules
Treating every student the same. They are expected to conform to a set of norms and values
What are teaching specialist skills
Division of labour - people are specialised in different jobs
Teaching specialist skills AO3
Schultz - develop human capital and teach skills that can’t be taught at home. Investing in the future
Who is Parsons?
What standards did Parsons create?
Universal and particularistic
What are particularistic standards?
Parents treat each child as special and unique
What are universal standards?
All pupils treated the same way and are expected to conform to same set of rules
Parsons - education …….. …. …….. people
Sifts and sorts
Jobs and pay are allowed allocated based on an individuals talent, rather than social status
AO3 for meritocracy (3)
Dyslexics, connections, private school
Who are Davis and Moore?
Davis and Moore- education …….. … . pupils
Sifts and sorts
Do Davis and Moore like meritocracy?
AO3 for society is more productive as people do important jobs and financially rewarded (2)
Reproduction of inequality (Marxists)
Don’t always get best job if have best qualifications
Functionalists AO3 - Post modernists (3)
Outdated ideas as not everyone has shared norms and values
Economy isn’t based on factories but technology
Limited knowledge- help pass a test
Functionalists AO3 - Feminists
Expressive and instrumental roles (Parsons)
Education is directed towards men
Functionalists AO3 - Marxists
Some social groups are disadvantaged
Myth of meritocracy
Transmit UC norms and values
How are functionalists too positive? (2)
There will always be inequality and not everyone is academic
Gillbourne and Youdell - racialised expectations
Name 5 functionalists (3 main)
Davis and Moore