Flashcards in 2 Deck (100):
(of a sound, especially the voice) scarcely audible
needing a lot of effort, often because someone is tired
- 'Her breathing was heavy and laboured.'
by mouth; orally (oral administration)
a spinal tap
a lumbar puncture
a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood as a result of a brain damage (=porażenie mózgowe)
a throat lozenge
a tablet intended to temporarily stop coughs and soothe the sore throat (=cough sweet)
a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea
diverging from the normal type
- 'aberrant chromosomes'
a raised mark on the skin caused by being hit or injured in some other way
the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal organs (=otrzewna)
to warm to sb
to start to like someone
- 'I wasn't sure about Sarah at first, but I warmed to her after we'd been out together a few times.'
too often taking arguments to a court of law for a decision
If a situation is touch-and-go, it is uncertain
- 'The doctor says that it's touch-and-go whether Mary will be okay.'
courage and determination despite difficulty
- 'It takes true (= real) grit to stand up to a bully.'
to be fading away/fast
to be growing weaker and thinner and to be likely to die soon
to slip away
(of a condition) to become worse
to be (as) fit as a fiddle
to be very healthy and strong
to turn the corner
If a situation turns the corner, it starts to improve after a difficult period
(of a condition) seriously bad
on the mend
becoming healthy after an illness
to hang by a thread
If a serious situation hangs by a thread, it means that even a slight change can decide what will happen and that a bad result such as death, etc. is likely
out of the woods
not having a problem or difficulty any longer
to catch or become ill with an infective disease
- 'He contracted malaria while he was travelling.'
to come (a)round
to become conscious again after an accident or operation
to take a turn for the better/worse
to get better/worse
to be on/off the danger list
to be expected/no longer expected to die from a serious injury or illness
(of a person) strong and healthy
the integumentary system
an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
to cause a substance to be deposited in solid form from a solution
* the precipitate
the belly button
the inflammation or irritation of the bursa
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal expansion of cavities within the brain that is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid.
the brittle bone disease
a disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily
the small of the back
The part of a person's back where the spine curves in at the level of the waist.
to tilt something back
to move something so it leans back
to bend over backwards
to try extremely hard to help or to please someone
[ + to do sth ] She bent over backwards to help him.
the side of a person's or animal's body between the ribs and the hip
the thick mucus secreted in the respiratory passages and discharged through the mouth
a structure formed by a group of sacs
1. Weak. Lacking in strength.
2. Having a slender light body. Ectomorphic.
(of a fluid) slowly trickle or seep out of something
- 'oozing blood'
a (full) workup
the procedures done to arrive at a diagnosis, including history taking, laboratory tests, x-rays, and so on.
to maintain (tissue cells, bacteria, etc.) in conditions suitable for growth
= dać na posiew
a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear
Swelling of the ends of the fingers so that the normal depression just behind the root of the nail is replaced by a convexity.
a drug delivery device used to administer medication in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs
a medicine which promotes the secretion of sputum by the air passages used to treat coughs
an abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably
the presence of pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural cavity
a fine branching structure at the end of a nerve fibre
a fully qualified independent practitioner (UK equivalent: a consultant)
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply
an idiomatic term for a claustrophobic reaction that takes place when a person or group ends up in an isolated or solitary location
an abnormal narrowing or contraction of a body passage or opening
to have wind
Wind as a symptom may mean either belching (gas passed from the stomach outwards via the mouth) or gas passed per rectum.
a condition in which the lower teeth and jaw protrude in front of the upper teeth
having or consisting of two lobes
an early symptom indicating the onset of a disease or illness
the ability to hear, see or think accurately and clearly
- 'Tiredness also affects visual acuity.'
a syncopal episode
aka fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery
an epileptic fit
an epileptic seizure
Any period during which an individual is in a particular state—e.g., the spell of hospitalisation, spell (period) of sickness.
the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds in the ears
occurring or done in brief, irregular bursts (spasm)
If a part of your body throbs, you feel pain in it in a series of regular beats
- 'His head throbbed, and his body ached.'
a break in the skin or mucous membrane with loss of surface tissue, disintegration and necrosis of epithelial tissue, and often pus
a tumor of muscle
an excoriation disorder
a mental disorder characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one's own skin
= skin picking disorder
an infection of a hair follicle that has a small collection of pus (called an abscess) under the skin
= a boil
a red, swollen, and painful cluster of boils that are connected to each other under the skin
a furuncle infection
a viral disease characterised by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area
a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps
a viral disease characterised by small blisters in groups
= cold sores
a common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus characterised by itching, scaling, redness or blisters
= athlete's foot
a common skin condition that causes white or grey flakes of skin to appear on the scalp and in the hair
a common skin condition that causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff
an inflammatory disorder that is triggered by prolonged exposure to cold and damp (humid) conditions. It is a form of inflammation of the small blood vessels (vasculitis) and is characterized by painful, itchy, tender, skin lesions (lumps) on the lower legs, hands, toes, feet, ears and face.
an injury caused by freezing of the skin and underlying tissues. First, your skin becomes very cold and red, then numb, hard and pale.
injuries to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin, especially in those with a medical condition that limits their ability to change positions or those who spend most of their time in a bed or chair
a small callused area of skin caused by local pressure that irritates tissue over a bony prominence
a serious infection that causes your immune system to attack your body
Present on admission is defined as the conditions present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs.
to break out in sth
to suddenly become covered in something
- 'Her face broke out in a hives/rash.'
a type of haematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma
= a bruise
a linear abrasion
caused by relative movement of a pointed object on the skin. eg. nail, thorn, point of sword or knife
a penetrating wound
an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound
A laceration is a wound that is produced by the tearing of soft body tissue.
a puncture wound
A puncture wound is usually caused by a sharp pointy object such as a nail, animal teeth, or a tack.
Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins that usually occur on the legs and feet. They may be blue or dark purple and are often lumpy, bulging or twisted in appearance.
a varix (pl. varices)
a varicose vein
irregular areas of skin that look like bands, stripes, or lines. Stretch marks are seen when a person grows or gains weight rapidly or has certain diseases or conditions.
= stretch marks
a productive cough
a cough that produces mucus or phlegm
= a wet cough
consisting of, containing, or discharging pus
a common rash that typically affects the face and is characterised by redness, pimples, swelling, and small and superficial dilated blood vessels