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Flashcards in 2 Deck (100):
1

an analgesic

a painkiller

2

thready

(of a sound, especially the voice) scarcely audible

3

laboured

needing a lot of effort, often because someone is tired

- 'Her breathing was heavy and laboured.'

4

per os

by mouth; orally (oral administration)

5

a spinal tap

a lumbar puncture

6

cerebral palsy

a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood as a result of a brain damage (=porażenie mózgowe)

7

a throat lozenge

a tablet intended to temporarily stop coughs and soothe the sore throat (=cough sweet)

8

an antiemetic

a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea

9

aberrant

diverging from the normal type

- 'aberrant chromosomes'

10

a weal

a raised mark on the skin caused by being hit or injured in some other way

11

the peritoneum

the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal organs (=otrzewna)

12

to warm to sb

to start to like someone

- 'I wasn't sure about Sarah at first, but I warmed to her after we'd been out together a few times.'

13

litigious

too often taking arguments to a court of law for a decision

14

touch-and-go

If a situation is touch-and-go, it is uncertain

- 'The doctor says that it's touch-and-go whether Mary will be okay.'

15

grit

courage and determination despite difficulty

- 'It takes true (= real) grit to stand up to a bully.'

16

to be fading away/fast

to be growing weaker and thinner and to be likely to die soon

17

to slip away

to die

18

to deteriorate

(of a condition) to become worse

19

to be (as) fit as a fiddle

to be very healthy and strong

20

to turn the corner

If a situation turns the corner, it starts to improve after a difficult period

21

grave

(of a condition) seriously bad

22

on the mend

becoming healthy after an illness

23

to hang by a thread

If a serious situation hangs by a thread, it means that even a slight change can decide what will happen and that a bad result such as death, etc. is likely

24

out of the woods

not having a problem or difficulty any longer

25

to contract

to catch or become ill with an infective disease

- 'He contracted malaria while he was travelling.'

26

off-colour

slightly ill

27

to come (a)round

to become conscious again after an accident or operation

28

to take a turn for the better/worse

to get better/worse

29

to be on/off the danger list

to be expected/no longer expected to die from a serious injury or illness

30

robust

(of a person) strong and healthy

31

the integumentary system

an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands

32

to precipitate

to cause a substance to be deposited in solid form from a solution
* the precipitate

33

the navel

the belly button

34

the bursitis

the inflammation or irritation of the bursa

35

hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is an abnormal expansion of cavities within the brain that is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid.

36

the brittle bone disease

a disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily

37

the small of the back

The part of a person's back where the spine curves in at the level of the waist.

38

to tilt something back

to move something so it leans back

39

to bend over backwards

to try extremely hard to help or to please someone

[ + to do sth ] She bent over backwards to help him.

40

a flank

the side of a person's or animal's body between the ribs and the hip

41

phlegm [flem]

the thick mucus secreted in the respiratory passages and discharged through the mouth

42

a sacculation

a structure formed by a group of sacs

43

asthenic

1. Weak. Lacking in strength.
2. Having a slender light body. Ectomorphic.

44

to ooze

(of a fluid) slowly trickle or seep out of something

- 'oozing blood'

45

a (full) workup

the procedures done to arrive at a diagnosis, including history taking, laboratory tests, x-rays, and so on.

46

to culture

to maintain (tissue cells, bacteria, etc.) in conditions suitable for growth
= dać na posiew

47

otitis media

a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear

48

finger clubbing

Swelling of the ends of the fingers so that the normal depression just behind the root of the nail is replaced by a convexity.

49

a nebuliser

a drug delivery device used to administer medication in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs

50

an expectorant

a medicine which promotes the secretion of sputum by the air passages used to treat coughs

51

orthopnea

an abnormal condition in which a person must sit or stand to breathe deeply or comfortably

52

empyema

the presence of pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural cavity

53

arborization

a fine branching structure at the end of a nerve fibre

54

an attending

a fully qualified independent practitioner (UK equivalent: a consultant)

55

an infarct
infarction
to infarct

an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply

56

cabin fever

an idiomatic term for a claustrophobic reaction that takes place when a person or group ends up in an isolated or solitary location

57

stenosis

an abnormal narrowing or contraction of a body passage or opening

58

to have wind

Wind as a symptom may mean either belching (gas passed from the stomach outwards via the mouth) or gas passed per rectum.

59

an underbite

a condition in which the lower teeth and jaw protrude in front of the upper teeth

60

bilobed

having or consisting of two lobes

61

a prodrome

an early symptom indicating the onset of a disease or illness

*prodromal symptoms

62

acuity

the ability to hear, see or think accurately and clearly

- 'Tiredness also affects visual acuity.'

63

syncope [sin-kuh-pee]
a syncopal episode

aka fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery

64

an epileptic fit

an epileptic seizure

65

a spell

Any period during which an individual is in a particular state—e.g., the spell of hospitalisation, spell (period) of sickness.

66

tinnitus

the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds in the ears

67

spasmodic

occurring or done in brief, irregular bursts (spasm)

68

to throb

If a part of your body throbs, you feel pain in it in a series of regular beats

- 'His head throbbed, and his body ached.'

69

an ulcer

a break in the skin or mucous membrane with loss of surface tissue, disintegration and necrosis of epithelial tissue, and often pus

70

a myoma

a tumor of muscle

71

an excoriation disorder

a mental disorder characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one's own skin
= skin picking disorder

72

a furuncle

an infection of a hair follicle that has a small collection of pus (called an abscess) under the skin
= a boil

73

a carbuncle

a red, swollen, and painful cluster of boils that are connected to each other under the skin

74

furunculosis

a furuncle infection

75

herpes zoster

a viral disease characterised by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area
= shingles

76

pruritus

itchy skin

77

urticaria

a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps
= hives

78

herpes simplex

a viral disease characterised by small blisters in groups
= cold sores

79

tinea pedis

a common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus characterised by itching, scaling, redness or blisters
= athlete's foot

80

dandruff

a common skin condition that causes white or grey flakes of skin to appear on the scalp and in the hair

81

seborrheic dermatitis

a common skin condition that causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff

82

perniosis

an inflammatory disorder that is triggered by prolonged exposure to cold and damp (humid) conditions. It is a form of inflammation of the small blood vessels (vasculitis) and is characterized by painful, itchy, tender, skin lesions (lumps) on the lower legs, hands, toes, feet, ears and face.
= chilblains

83

frostbite

an injury caused by freezing of the skin and underlying tissues. First, your skin becomes very cold and red, then numb, hard and pale.

84

pressure ulcers

injuries to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin, especially in those with a medical condition that limits their ability to change positions or those who spend most of their time in a bed or chair
= bedsores

85

a corn

a small callused area of skin caused by local pressure that irritates tissue over a bony prominence

86

sepsis

a serious infection that causes your immune system to attack your body

87

POA

Present on admission is defined as the conditions present at the time the order for inpatient admission occurs.

88

to break out in sth

to suddenly become covered in something

- 'Her face broke out in a hives/rash.'

89

a contusion

a type of haematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma
= a bruise

90

a linear abrasion

caused by relative movement of a pointed object on the skin. eg. nail, thorn, point of sword or knife
= scratch

91

a penetrating wound

an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound

92

a laceration

A laceration is a wound that is produced by the tearing of soft body tissue.

93

a puncture wound

A puncture wound is usually caused by a sharp pointy object such as a nail, animal teeth, or a tack.

94

varicose veins

Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins that usually occur on the legs and feet. They may be blue or dark purple and are often lumpy, bulging or twisted in appearance.

95

a varix (pl. varices)

a varicose vein

96

striae

irregular areas of skin that look like bands, stripes, or lines. Stretch marks are seen when a person grows or gains weight rapidly or has certain diseases or conditions.
= stretch marks

97

a productive cough

a cough that produces mucus or phlegm
= a wet cough

98

purulent

consisting of, containing, or discharging pus

99

rosacea

a common rash that typically affects the face and is characterised by redness, pimples, swelling, and small and superficial dilated blood vessels

100

a cicatrix

the scar of a healed wound