2. Britain in the 18th Century Flashcards Preview

U45. 18th Century GB "Revolutions" > 2. Britain in the 18th Century > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Britain in the 18th Century Deck (12)
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How would you start describing the 18th century in Britain?

The 18th century was a period of great growth for England and it marked the beginning of English hegemony in Europe after a few episodes of civil wars and political revolution.


Is there any remarkable ephemeris in this period?

The year 1707 was a milestone on British History because of the union of England and Scotland.


Apart from this union, Was there any other important fact?

The legal recognition of liberty of worship which made the English society more tolerant and pluralist than most continental societies.


What did this freedom fostered?

This proved to be a convenient framework for scientific investigation and ideological movements.


How different was this century compared to the 17th century?

In contrast with the intolerance and austerity of English Puritanism in the 17th century, widespread relaxation and internal unrest characterised the 1st half of the century.


What was politics like in the 18th century?

There was dynastic tension because of the Jacobite attempts to reign. There were also many religious factions and the considerable struggle between the two classic parties: whigs and tories.


What factors would you highlight then?

1. The upper middle classes were associating themselves with the nobility in the exercise of power.


and a second factor ..? (demography)

2. There was a steep rise in the number of inhabitants.


and the third factor ..? (industry)

By 1700, England was already an important industrial country, although most of its inhabitants still depended on agriculture for their living.


What happened in the growing cities?

On the other hand, we can find big cities where the population grows very quickly and where there is a big demand of labour force in textile industries.


Can you compare the 18th century with other periods?

Chronologically, the 16th century was a formative period; the 17th a period of conflict and the 18th century was a period of stability.


How is this period called then?

CLASSICISM. The 18th century was a constructive period which took the form of Utilitarianism which led the Reformism of the 19th period.