2. Development Of American Political Parties Flashcards Preview

Government And Economics: Unit 3 > 2. Development Of American Political Parties > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Development Of American Political Parties Deck (37):
1

Alien and Sedition Acts

Legislation which gave the president the power to deport any alien he deemed dangerous

2

Anti-Federalist Party

One of the first two American political party; it wanted a weak central government

3

Central government

The federal power of the country

4

Constitutional Convention

Gathering for the purpose of creating a Constitution which would frame the laws for running the U.S.

5

Era of Good Feelings

A period from 1816-1824 where there was only one political party; the Democrat-Republicans

6

Faction

A group that may not be in agreement with the general direction of the larger population

7

Federalist Party

One of the first two American political parties; it wanted a strong central government

8

Loose construction

Interpretation of the Constitution allowing the federal government powers not specifically denied it

9

Provision

Arrangement or groundwork laid to establish a program

10

Strict construction

Interpretation of the Constitution looting the federal government to the powers in the document

11

Before the American Revolution

No truly organized political parties existed in America
Voting was restricted and the power of the elected officials was so limited that there were few issues which would divide people

12

True and permanent parties began to develop?

After Constitution was written

13

First political parties in America

Federalist and Anti-Federalist (Democratic-Republicans)

14

How was Democratic Party formed?

There was a split within Democratic Republican Party during the "Era of Good Feeling" after the decline of Federalist Party with the Democratic-republicans becoming the Democratic Party

15

How was the Republican Party formed?

Other parties such as the Whigs and some of the Democrats unified around 1854

16

When Republican Party emerged?

It stayed in power from 1860-1932
Only 2 Democratic presidents were elected

17

Minority parties influenced Presidential elections?

Theodore Roosevelt's Bull Moose Party
Ross Perot's United We Stand Party

18

George Washington opposed?

Development of political organizations

19

Political parties began to develop before ___ became president in?

George Washington, 1789

20

The Federalists were led by men such as?

John Adams and Alexander Hamilton

21

John Adams and Alexander Hamilton

Led Federalist Party
Favored loose construction of Constitution
Wanted to make government strong and wide-reaching

22

Anti-Federalists

Led by Thomas Jefferson
Later renamed Democratic-Republican Party
Favored strict construction

23

_____ Party didn't last as long as the Democratic-Republican Party

Federalist

24

Federalists under Alexander Hamilton (Secretary of the Treasury)

Set our financial affairs in order, encouraged manufacturing and trade, maintained country's honor, and laid foundation for a sound Constitutional government

25

In their desire to stay in power, the Federalists passed?

The Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798

26

The Alien and Sedition Acts angered so many people that?

The Federalists became very unpopular and lost support

27

Era of Good Feelings

1816-1824
Democratic-Republican party under James Monroe was only Party on a national scale
John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson controlled a faction

28

Democratic Party of today grew out of?

Struggle between factions within Democratic-Republican Party
1824 election; Jackson won most electoral votes but not majority needed to win presidency; election went to house where Henry Clay supported John Quincy Adams; Jackson supporters accused him of stealing election and organized forces under new name Democrats

29

Democratic Party

Oldest existing party in U.S.

30

1828-1860, the Democratic Party won all but two presidential elections (1840 and 1848)

Members often disagreed on issues during those 32 years
Banking issues
Slavery issues
Tariff rates

31

1832

Groups that opposed Jackson combined to form the Whig Party

32

1860

John C. Breckinridge and Stephen A. Douglass republican candidates lost to Abraham Lincoln

33

1850s

Democrats split over whether to,oppose or support the extension of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska

34

From 1850-1932

Only two democrats won the presidency
Grover Cleveland (1884) and (1892)
Woodrow Wilson (1912) and (1916)

35

The _______ accused the ______ of having started the Civil War and having been disloyal to the?

Republican, Democrats, Union

36

The _______ blamed the _______ for the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and for the Great Depression of the 1930s

Democrats, Republicans

37

What is true about the Democratic Party?

It is the oldest political party in the United States
The Democrats won the presidency in the 90s but lost control of the Congress