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Flashcards in 2. GI Radiology Deck (11)
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1

What is the five-step process for the interpretation of a CT?

1. Solid organs.

2. Gallbladder / Biliary tree.

3. Lymph nodes.

4. Duodenum, small intestine, colon, stomach.

5. Fat planes, abdominal wall, bones.

2

What is Nutcracker syndrome?

Compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta.

3

What is superior mesenteric artery syndrome?

Compression of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta.

4

What is importantly contraindicated in patients with Zenker's diverticulum?

Endoscopy.

5

What is this?

Zenker's diverticulum.

6

What is the typical clinical presentation for Zenker's diverticulum?

The main symptoms are difficulty swallowing due to the diverticulum, a cough due to the pressure of the diverticulum, and halitosis, probably due to food getting stuck underneath or onto the diverticulum.

7

What is ERCP for?

Visualization of the biliary tree

8

What's your diagnosis?

Achalasia

9

Are you more likely to see reflux in a patient with a sliding hiatal hernia or a paraesophageal hiatal hernia?

Reflex is more common in sliding hiatal hernias.

10

What is the leadpipe sign?

Loss of haustra in the large intestine, appearing like a lead pipe during barium enema.

11

What is the modality of choice for diagnosing cholelithiasis in the US?

Ultrasonography.