What is the five-step process for the interpretation of a CT?
1. Solid organs.
2. Gallbladder / Biliary tree.
3. Lymph nodes.
4. Duodenum, small intestine, colon, stomach.
5. Fat planes, abdominal wall, bones.
What is Nutcracker syndrome?
Compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta.
What is superior mesenteric artery syndrome?
Compression of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta.
What is importantly contraindicated in patients with Zenker's diverticulum?
What is this?
What is the typical clinical presentation for Zenker's diverticulum?
The main symptoms are difficulty swallowing due to the diverticulum, a cough due to the pressure of the diverticulum, and halitosis, probably due to food getting stuck underneath or onto the diverticulum.
What is ERCP for?
Visualization of the biliary tree
What's your diagnosis?
Are you more likely to see reflux in a patient with a sliding hiatal hernia or a paraesophageal hiatal hernia?
Reflex is more common in sliding hiatal hernias.
What is the leadpipe sign?
Loss of haustra in the large intestine, appearing like a lead pipe during barium enema.
What is the modality of choice for diagnosing cholelithiasis in the US?