2. Reproductive/ Urogenital Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2. Reproductive/ Urogenital Deck (62):
1

pelvic sympathetic nerves arise from the

sacral splanchnic plexus

2

pelvic parasympathetic nerves arise from

pelvic splanchnics (S2,3,4)

3

the uterus is retroverted over the

bladder

4

the vagina is a muscular tube opens through perineal membrane into the

vestibule

5

the vagina is supported by the __ part of levator ani muscle

pubovaginalis

6

muscle that laterally rotates thigh and makes up lateral pelvic wall

obturator internus

7

detrusor muscle becomes somatic muscle at the intersection of bladder and urethra meet at this structure in females

external urethral sphincter

8

the cervical os points to the ___ because of the tilt of the uterus

posterior

9

superior vagina surrounds cervix and uterus creating two pouches called anterior and posterior

fornix

10

a ___ is performed to examine uterine tubes or ovaries by inserting a lens through posterior fornix, and a __ is the procedure where this is done to aspirate fluid from rectouterine pouch

culdoscopy, culdocentesis

11

the ureter passes inferior to the __ along lateral sides of uterus (water under bridge)

uterine artery

12

uterine arteries enter the sides of the uterus through this structure which also covers the uterus

broad ligament

13

the uterine wall that touches the colon is the intestinal surface and the side that touches the bladder is the

vesicular surface

14

4 parts of the uterus

fundus, horns, body, cervix

15

3 uterine tissue layers

endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium

16

portion of the uterus that is constantly reformed until menopause

endometrium

17

4 portions of uterine tube beginning near ovary

fimbrae, infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus

18

the axis of the uterus is angled anteriorly and the funds flexes over the

bladder

19

broad ligament is broken into 3 sections. the ___ sits posterior to ovary, the __ attaches ovary to the first portion, and the __ is anterior and inferior to the ovary

mesoalpinx, mesovarium, mesometrium

20

ovaries attach to uterus via

ovarian ligament

21

vessels are carried to the ovary in the

suspensory ligament

22

these ligaments are condensations of endopelvic fascia supporting the uterus

transverse cervical

23

while ligaments support uterus, the __ and __ are important in preventing prolapse of pelvic structures

levator ani, perineal body

24

condition where small intestine drops in between rectum and vagina into the space of douglas

enterocele

25

structure located at intersection of broad ligament to lateral pelvic wall

ovary

26

anesthetic injected into subarachnoid (or epidural) space between what two vertebrae for complete anesthesia below the waste during childbirth

L3-L4

27

a peripheral nerve block that still allows uterine contractions to be felt (placed at ischial spine). ilioinguinal and maybe posterior femoral cutaneous n. block needed to abolish anterior vulva sensation.

pudendal block

28

these structures travel the length of the penis between Buck's and Dartos fascia

dorsal n. a. v.

29

superficial fascia of the penis

dartos

30

deep fascia of the penis

bucks

31

deep penis aa. branch that travels the length of the penis in the corpus cavernosum

cavernosal a.

32

urethra travels the length of the penis surrounded by

corpus spongiosum

33

these male glands are superior to perineal membrane within sphincter urethrae open into spongy urethra where they secrete mucus to lubricate

bulbourethral

34

the internal urethral sphincter in a male occurs at which portion of the urethra

prostatic

35

male lymph drainage for prostate

internal iliac node

36

male lymph drainage for bladder

external iliac node

37

male lymph drainage for perineal structure

superficial inguinal nodes

38

the perineum is made up of what two triangular spaces

urogenital, anal

39

the center line of the perineum connects the two

iscial tuberosities

40

two distinguishing features of male versus female pelvis

greater sciatic notch and infrapubic angle

41

comparative anatomy term for male pelvic shape

android

42

comparative anatomy term for female pelvic shape

gynecoid

43

non diaphragmatic pelvic muscles

obturator internus, piriformis

44

the urogenital diaphragm is mainly comprised of

perineal membrane

45

this urogenital triangle muscle is fused in males but not females

bulbospongiosus

46

pelvic diaphragm musculature is identical in males and females deep to ___ ligament and includes pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus, and coccygeus mm.

sacrospinous

47

muscles of pelvic diaphragm

coccygeus, levator ani (pubococcygeus, puborecitalis, iliococcygeus)

48

the tendinous arch of the levator ani runs along

obturator internus

49

obturator internus is covered by

obturator fascia

50

muscle forming a loop around anus

puborectalis

51

fat or loose CT fills this wedge shaped space between skin and inferior pelvic diaphragm surface

ischioanal fossa

52

lateral boundary of ischioanal fossa is __ and medial border is __

ischium, external anal sphincter

53

posterior boundary of ischioanal fossa is __ and anterior border is __

sacrotuberous ligament (gluteus maximus), urogenital triangle

54

Walls of bladder primarily made of

Detrusor muscle

55

Internal smooth thick area between two openings of ureters

Trigone

56

4. Parts of male urethra

Intramural, prostatic, membranous, spongy

57

Opening in the center of the penis that allows ejaculatory ducts to open

Prostatic utricle

58

Portion. Of levator. Ani that forms sling at anorectal junction forming flexure

Puborectalis

59

Sacral splanchnic nerves are

Sympathetic

60

Pelvic splanchnic nerves are

Parasympathetic

61

Sensory info from diaphragm. Via central tendon is what nerve

Phrenic n

62

Diaphragm sensory info from periferal parts of the muscles are

Intercostal nn.