2012 vocab words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2012 vocab words Deck (100):
1

elegiac

sorrowful. mournful. melancholy over death or irreplaceable loss. (adj)

2

perjorative

to make worse, disparaging.

3

serindipidy

accidental fortune, happy chance

4

statuatory

something framed/defined by a law

5

fiduciary

holding something in trust for another

6

mitigating

to cause to be less harsh

7

perspicacious

keen, acute discernment, perception, understanding.

8

prig

arrogantly smug, exaggerated conformity/piety, annoyingly self righteous.

9

plebian

common/unrefined lower class citizen

10

abrogate

to annul, abolish, repeal law

11

concupiscence

lustful

12

propitiation

conciliatory offering

13

perfidy

violation of trust, disloyal, treachery.

14

sanguine

enthusiastic. courageous and optimistic, cheerfully confident.

15

captious

apt to find fault over trivialities.

16

recondite

belonging to a select few, profound, obscure. (re' kon dite)

17

abstruse

hard to understand, esoteric.

18

pedantic

ostentatious in one's learning. overly concerned with minute details.

19

esoteric

intended to be understood only by a select few.

20

dowager

widow holding property or title from her deceased husband.

21

indemnify

to secure or protect against damage or loss. (or to compensate for damage or loss.)

22

amanuenses

one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts for a master. a scribe.

23

sinecure

a job/position requiring little or no work. a plumb job. (sign' e cure)

24

ephemeral

lasting a very short time, transitory, short-lived.

25

inchoate

just begun, not finished. (in koe' ate)

26

cavil

a trivial objection.

27

execrable

extremely bad, detestable, abominable.

28

tacit

transferred without speech, implied, inferred.

29

imprecation

a cursing or calling down a curse on someone or something.

30

dialectic

method of argument for resolving disagreement through dialog.

31

polemic

debate. usually about theology.

32

pecuniary

having to do with money.

33

lacuna

unfilled space, interval, a gap, missing portion in a book or manuscript.

34

argot

more or less secret vocabulary used by a group of people. (usually an illegal group such as thieves or the mob.)

35

hegimony

domination (he je' mony)

36

histrionics

exaggerated emotional behavior calculated for effect.

37

probity

quality of having strong moral principles. honesty. decency.

38

prosaic

lacking poetic beauty. commonplace. unromantic.

39

sisyphean

actually or seemingly endless and futile. requiring great effort.

40

ergo

therefore. consequently. hence.

41

tatterdemalion

ragamuffin. deplorable condition. dirty, poor condition or clothes.

42

diaphanous

thin, transparent, so as to transmit light (cloth especially)

43

paripatetic

traveling or walking about from place to place. working many places for only a short time each.

44

protean

able to change frequently or easily. readily taking on varied shapes, forms, or meanings. versatile.

45

appropriate

to take something for one's own use- usually without permission. commandeer. (also to assign or designate.)

46

canard

a false or deliberately misleading story. a fabricated report.

47

truculent

defiantly aggressive, sullen.

48

obstreperous

noisy, boisterous, defiant.

49

inimical

harmful, hostile

50

apotheosis

elevate to status of deity. the ideal example

51

eponymous

describes the source of the use of person's name for a literary work or a place or a product, etc.

52

manse

a cleric's house and lands. stately residence.

53

jodhpurs

riding pants that bag at the thigh and extend just below the knee.

54

colloquial

informal, conversational- like writing or speech.

55

parochial

having a limited outlook or scope. of or relating to a church parish.

56

invidious

likely to arouse resentment or anger in others. unfairly discriminating. unjust.

57

diffident

lacking confidence. timid

58

neologism

a new word of phrase, or the coining of a new word or phrase.

59

parry

to ward off or deflect a blow or attack

60

liminal

in between, transitional.

61

anathema

something intensely disliked, hated or cursed.

62

ineluctable

inevitable, unavoidable, inescapable.

63

parsimonious

excessively sparing and frugal.

64

penurious

stingy, yielding little.
or... destitute/ lacking money.

65

avuncular

suggestive of a kind uncle, friendly and helpful toward a younger, less experienced person.

66

vertiginous

tending to cause vertigo, especially form a great height.

67

vituperative

sustained and bitter railing and condemnation. marked by harshly abusive censure. (adj)

68

abstemious

moderate in eating and drinking. (adj)

69

panegyric

a formal speech of public praise.

70

encomium

a formal expression of praise.

71

patois

a regional (or rural) form of speech, differing from the standard. (pat' wah)

72

ontic

physical, real, or factual existence. (adj)

73

rictus

a gaping, fixed or unnatural grin as in horror or death.

74

obsequious

obedient or servile to an excessive degree. fawning.

75

equivocal

ambiguous. uncertain. questionable.

76

equanimity

calmness of mind, composure, evenness of temper, especially under stress.

77

fulsome

obsessively flattering and insincere. (adj)

78

talisman

an object- usually small, carved, inscribed- believed to have magical powers and to protect its wearer from evil influences,

79

stolid

unemotional, impassive.

80

aver

to declare, to affirm positively.

81

svengali

a person who manipulates another maliciously behind the scenes.

82

desultory

unfocused, lacking a plan or purpose.

83

badinage

light, humorous banter.

84

riposte

quick clever reply to an insult or criticism.

85

syllogism

logical reasoning- from the general to the specific. (humans are mortal. I am human. therefore, I am mortal.)

86

non sequitur

latin: it does not follow. Inference/conclusion doesn't logically follow from the premise/evidence that preceded it.

87

louche

of questionable taste or morality. shady. decadent.

88

strophe

first pair of stanzas of alternating form on which the structure of a given poem is based. (sets the meter/ structure for the poem.)

89

galumph

to move or run clumsily or heavily.

90

locution

a word, phrase, or expression. manner/style of speech. phraseology.

91

troglodyte

prehistoric race of people who lived in caves. or a recluse, out of date, brutish person. (trog' low dite)

92

shibboleth

a word of pronunciation that distinguishes peopleof one group or class from another. or a custom or practice that betrays one as an outsider. (shib' el eth)

93

trope

a figure of speech using words in non-literal ways, such as a metaphor.

94

abderian

one who laughs excessively. (ab der' ian)

95

agelast

one who never laughs. (aj' u last)

96

cachinnate

to laugh hard and loud. convulsively, immodestly. (ca' kin ate)

97

pedagogy

the art of teaching. (pe di gaw' gee)

98

amici

"friends of the court". persons who advise in law or court but are not otherwise involved in any particular case and have no interest in outcomes/rulings. (singular is 'amicus')

99

fictive

fictitious. fictional. not genuine. sham. (adj)

100

lachrymose

tearful, mournful, sad.