2014-03-07 USMLE radiology - USMLE radiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2014-03-07 USMLE radiology - USMLE radiology Deck (70):
1

Screening test to order for depressed skull fracture

CT scan

2

Screening test to order for head trauma

CT scan non-contrast

3

Screening test to order for intracranial hemorrhage

CT scan non-contrast

4

Screening test to order for acute stroke

CT scan non-contrast

5

Screening test to order for multiple sclerosis

MRI brain with contrast

6

Screening test to order for brain tumor

CT or MRI with contrast

7

Screening test to order for Pneumonia

CXR

8

Screening test to order for Chest trauma

CXR

9

Screening test to order for chest mass

CXR

10

Screening test to order for hemoptysis

CXR

11

Screening test to order for pulmonary embolism

V/Q scan

12

Screening test to order for aoritc aneurysm/dissection

CT with contrast

13

Screening test to order for trauma aortic tear

CT with contrast

14

Screening test to order for carotid stenosis

duplex ultrasound or MRA

15

Screening test to order for esophageal obstruction

barium x-ray or endoscopy

16

Screening test to order for esophagela tear

gastrografin x-ray or endoscopy

17

Screening test to order for bowel perforation

abdominal x-ray

18

Screening test to order for hematemesis

endoscopy

19

Screening test to order for peptic ulcer disease

upper GI series or endoscopy

20

Screening test to order for abdominal trauma

CT scan with contrast

21

Screening test to order for abdominal abscess

CT scan with contrast

22

Screening test to order for cholelithiasis

ultrasound

23

Screening test to order for choledocholithiasis

ultrasound

24

Screening test to order for choleystitis

ultrasound

25

Screening test to order for intestinal obstruction

abdominal x-ray

26

Screening test to order for Appendicitis

abdominal s-ray then US or CT with contrast

27

Screening test to order for nephrolithiasis

- abdominal x-ray then
- IVP or CT without contrast

28

Screening test to order for Ovarian pathology

ultrasound

29

Screening test to order for diverticulitis

CT scan with contrast

30

Screening test to order for upper GI bleed

upper GI series or endoscopy

31

Screening test to order for lower GI bleed

barium enema or endoscopy

32

Screening test to order for unknown GI bleed

nuclear medicine bleeding study

33

Preferred test for "brisk" GI bleeding

endoscopy

34

Screening test to order for hydronephrosis

US or CT scan

35

Screening test to order for hematuria

CT scan

36

Screening test to order for uterine fibroids

US

37

Screening test to order for pelvic mass

US

38

Screening test to order for bone metastases

bone scan

39

Screening test to order for pregnancy

US (transvaginal detects earlier)

40

Screening test to order for fracture

x-ray

41

Screening test to order for osteomyelitis

x-ray

42

Screening test to order for arthritis

x-ray

43

Screening test to order for pyloric stenosis

US
(upper GI is 2nd choice)

44

Screening test to order for Meckels' diverticulum

Meckel's scan (nuclear med)

45

Confirmation test to order for acute stroke

MRI of brain without contrast

46

Confirmation test to order for chest trauma

CT scan with contrast

47

Confirmation test to order for chest mass

CT scan with contrast

48

Confirmation test to order for hemoptysis

Bronchoscopy or CT scan with contrast

49

Confirmation test to order for PE

pulmonary arteriogram or CT with contrast

50

Confirmation test to order for aortic aneurysm/dissection

angiogram

51

Confirmation test to order for traumatic aortic tear

angiogram

52

Confirmation test to order for carotid stenosis

angiogram

53

Confirmation test to order for esophagela obstruction

endoscopy

54

Confirmation test to order for esophageal tear

endoscopy

55

Confirmation test to order for bowel perforation

CT scan or laparoscopy

56

Confirmation test to order for choledocholithiasis

ERCP or MRCP

57

Confirmation test to order for cholecystitis

HIDA scan

58

HIDA scan stands for

hepatobilitary study (nuclear med)

59

Confirmation test to order for intestinal obstruction

CT scan with contrast

60

Confirmation test to order for appendicitis

laparoscopy

61

Confirmation test to order for upper GI bleed

endoscopy

62

Confirmation test to order for lower GI bleed

endoscopy

63

Confirmation test to order for hematuria

cystoscopy or CT scan with contrast

64

Confirmation test to order for pelvic mass

CT with contrast or laparoscopy

65

Confirmation test to order for osteomyelitis

bone scan and/or MRI with contrast

66

What should you NOT order in acute diverticulitis?

endoscopy or barium enema

67

Preferred test for "brisk" unknown bleeding

angiography or laparotomy

68

Test of choice for multiple myeloma

plain x-ray

69

x-ray is better than bone scan for detecting this bone lesion

multiple myeloma

70

In the setting of fracture, when is CT scan indicated

complex fractures (order without contrast)