2017 Anatomy - Large Intestine, Kidney, SupraRenal Glands Flashcards Preview

2017 Semester 1 > 2017 Anatomy - Large Intestine, Kidney, SupraRenal Glands > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2017 Anatomy - Large Intestine, Kidney, SupraRenal Glands Deck (25):
1

What are the parts of the large intestine?

Cecum Appendix Ascending colon Transverse colon Descending colon Sigmoid colon

2

Does the cecum have mesentery or not?

No, it does not

3

What can be tracked backwards towards the appendix to ID it's location?

Taeniae of the cecum

4

What is the name of the point 1/3 of the way between the ASIS and Umbilicus, used to ID the appendix?

McBurney's Point

5

Is the Ascending colon intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Retro

6

Is the Transverse colon intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Intraperitoneal

7

Is the Descending colon intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Retro

8

Is the Sigmoid colon intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Intra

9

What are the 3 longitudinal muscular layers of the colon?

Taeniae coli

10

What feature of the colon is a result of the taeniae coli being shorter than the colon itself?

Haustra

11

Which portions of the colon are completely surrounded by the taeniae coli?

Appendix Rectum

12

What are the fatty pouches of the colon called?

Epiploic (omental) appendices

13

What are the branches of the Superior Mesenteric Artery?

Ileocolic - supplies terminal ilium, cecnum, appendix (via appendicular artery) Right Colic - supplies ascending colon Middle Colic - transverse mesocolon to transverse colon

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14

What are the branches of the Inferior Mesenteric Artery?

Left colic artery - supplies splenic flexure and descending colon Sigmoid artery - 2-4 branches Superior rectal artery - terminal branch

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15

What is the function of the Marginal Artery of Drummond and where are they weakest?

Series of anastomses between superior and inferior mesenteric arteries forming a continuous channel along large intestine. Weakest: junction of ileocolic and right colic arteries junction of middle colic and left colic arteries

16

Which vessels combine to create the portal vein?

Splenic w/ Superior mesenteric later joined by inferior mesenteric

17

Which lymph nodes does the large intestine drain to?

Mostly Pre-aortic nodes

18

Are the kidneys intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal organs?

Retro

19

What 3 structures are in the hilum of the kidney?

Renal vein Renal Artery Renal pelvis

20

Does the right renal artery pass anterior or posterior to the IVC?

Posterior

21

Which renal vein does the testicular or ovarian artery drain into?

Left

22

Where are the renal veins in relation to renal arteries?

Veins are more anterior and inferior to arteries

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23

What are the "shapes"of the right and left suprarenal glands?

Right - pyramidal Left - flat, semilunar

24

What are the 3 arteries supplying the suprarenal glands and where do they come from?

Superior - from inferior phrenic artery Middle - direct from aorta Inferior - renal artery

25

Venous drainage from suprarenal glands?

Left - left renal vein Right - IVC