2018 MS Mixed Theory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2018 MS Mixed Theory Deck (197):
1

What are all the GIs of Ontario?

Lake Erie North Shore
Prince Edward County (northern most)
Pelee Island (deregulated)
Niagara Peninsula
Niagara on the Lake
Niagara Enscarpment

2

What does Taruzake mean on a bottle?

Sake that has been aged in oak

3

What is SVM or Nihonshudo?

The sake value meter which ranges from sweet in negative numbers to dry in positive numbers.

4

Name as many Duxiemes crus as possible

There are 15 total:
de Myrat- Barsac
Daisy-Daene- Barsac
Daisy Dubroca-Barsac
Doisy Vendrines-Barsac
D’Arche- Sauternes
Filhot- Sauternes
Broustet- Barsa
Nairac- Barsac
Caillou- Barsac
De Malle- Preignac
Romer- Fargues
Romer de Hayot- Sauternes
Lamothe- Sauternes
Lamothe-Guignard- Sauternes


5

What are the wine styles and grapes permitted in St. Peray?

Blanc & Mousseaux
10.5% alcohol
Marsanne/Roussanne
Mousseaux wines are released 12 months after the date of tirage, no minimum lees time.

6

What are the best Sauternes vintages of the 1990s? Worst?

1990, 1997 were the best
1991-1994 were the worst

7

Where is Sagemoore Vineyard?

Columbia Valley

8

What are the wine styles allowed in Graves de Vayres?

Rouge and Blanc Sec.

9

Where would you find Touchet beds?

Rich Missoula flood deposits in the Columbia Valley

10

What are the training methods in Châteauneuf?

En Ligne (3,000 vines/hectare)
En Carre (2,500 vines/hectare)

11

What are the communes of Cerons AOP? Wine style?

Wine style sweet white only. Communes are:
Cerons, Illats, Podensac

12

What is the most important lieu-dit of St. Joseph?

Les Roys is the most important, it is close to the Argentine stream.

13

What is the southernmost point in South Africa? Which ocean does it touch?

Cape Agulhas which touches the Indian Ocean and also Walker Bay

14

What are the outstanding Bordeaux vintages for dry wines pre 1970?

1961
1959
1949
1947
1945
1929
1928
1900

15

Describe the difference of the cotes and the graves in St. Emilion

Cotes- limestone debris on a limestone base. All but 2 great growths are located on the cotes

Graves- gravel, less limestone and clay. Cheval Blanc and Figeac are here on the graves

Sables Anciens- old weathered sand- no gravel on a base of limestone. No first growths here.

16

What are the AOPs of Entre-Deux-Mers that are permitted to make sweet wine?

Loupiac, Cotes de Bordeaux Saint-Macaire, Saint-Exupéry-Croix-du-Mont, Cadillac, Cotes de Bordeaux St. Foy, and Cotes de Bordeaux Francs, and Premiers Cotes de Bordeaux

17

What are the DOs of Lisboa?

Encostas d’Aire
Lourinha
Obidos
Alenquer
Torres Vera’s
Bucelas
Carcavelos
Colares

18

What is the minimum abv of a Scotch?

40%

19

Lirac AOP may produce wines of what color from which grapes?

All three colors. Rouge is 90% Grenache. Must blend

20

When was Leonetti Cellars founded and where?

1974 in Walla Walla

21

What are the GIs of the Mt. Lofty Ranges?

Adelaide Hills
Adelaide Plans
Clare Valley

22

What does Genshu mean?

Undiluted sake

23

What are the subregions of Niagara on the Lake?

Niagara River
Niagara Lakeshore
Four Mile Creek
St. David’s Bench

24

What are the main grapes of Colares?

Branco and Tinto- Ramisco and Castelao are the most commonly planted grapes

25

Who makes the bottling John Riddoch and where is this wine from?

Wynn’s Coonawarra Estate made by Sue Hodder. This winery was founded in 1897 but bought by David Wynn in 1951. This bottling is named after the original founder of the winery in 1897. First vintage was 1982

26

What are the major lieu-dits of Hermitage?

L’Hermite
Les Grandes Vignes
Varogne
Les Vercandieres
Les
Bessards
Les Diognieres
Les Beaune
Le Meal
Les Murets
La Croix
Peleat
Les Recoules
Les
Greffieux
L’Homme
Madison Blanche
La Pierelle
Torres et les Garrennes

27

What are the wards of Walker Bay?

Walker Bay is within the Cape South Coast region. The wards are:
Bot River
Hemel-en-Aarde Ridge
Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Sunday’s Glen
Upper Hemel-en-Aarde Valley
Stanford Foothills

28

What are the districts of Breede River Valley? 3

Breedekloof
Robertson
Worcester

29

What style of wine is made in Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?

Blanc liquoreaux
34g/l RS
45hl/ha

30

What are the wards of the Cape Town district?

Constantia
Durbanville
Hout Bay
Philadelphia

31

What does genshu mean?

Undiluted sake- No additional water added.

32

What is the soil type is in Sauternes?

Gravelly and heavy clay

33

Oban, Glenmorangie, Dalwhinnie, and Dalmore distilleries are where?

Highlands

34

What year was the classification of St. Emilion? When has it been updated?

1954, it was revised in 1969, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2012

35

Name the AOPs of Graves that may produce sweet wine?

Graves Superieures
Barsac
Cerons
Sauternes

36

What is the most up and coming Chinese wine region?

Ningxia in the north bordering inner Mongolia

37

When was the first Neiderberg Wine Auction?

1975

38

What is Akazake?

Red sake- using red rice varieties

39

What is the top grape of Mt. Gambier GI in the Limestone Coast region of South Australia?

Pinot Noir

40

What does Jizake mean on a bottle of sake?

From a small brewer

41

What amount of sherry may be drawn off per year?

Two liters must remain for every liter than was drawn off

42

What is the AOP within Corbieres that was created specifically for red wines?

Corbieres Boutenac in 2005. 70% Grenache, Mourvèdre and Carignan. 2 months bottle age. Manual harvest.

43

What are the best Sauternes vintages in the 1970s?

1971, 1975, 1976

44

Which subregions of Vinho Verde are known for red wines?

Amarante and Paiva are both in the south and are more known for reds.

45

Where is Cabardes AOP and what wine styles do they produce there?

Cabardes is in the Western Languedoc and they are permitted to produce rouge and rose wines.
40% combined Cabernet, Merlot and 40% combined Grenache and Syrah. Mediterranean and Bordeaux varietals here.

46

Which subregion of Vinho Verde is known for Loureiro only wines?

Lima

47

When did Dr. Konstantin Frank start Vinifera Cellars?

1962

48

What are the authorized grapes for red port production?

Aragonez, Bastardo, Castelao, Cornifesto, Donzelinho Tinto, Malvasia Preta, Marufo, Rueter, Tinto Barroca, Touriga National, Trincadeira

49

What is the classification of Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape-Clement and Chateau Couhins?

Chateau Smith-Haut Lafite, Chateau Pape Clement are both classified growths in Graves for red wines. Chateau Couhins is in Graves and is classified for white wine.

50

What is a Ochoko?

A sake cup

51

What is the wine style in Cote de Roussillon Villages?

Red only- carbonic wines from 80% Grenache.

Caramany
Latour-de-France
Tautavel

52

What grain is Tito’s vodka made from?

Corn

53

What is the second wine of:
Chateau Ausone
Cheval Blanc
Angelus
Pavie

Chapel Le d’Ausone
Le Petite Cheval
Carillon d’Angelus
Esprit de Pavie

54

What is riesling referred to in South Africa?

Crouchon Blanc

55

What are the 6 zones of South Australia?

Barossa Valley
Mt. Lofty Ranges
Fleurie Zone
Limestone Coast
Lower Murray Zone
Far North Zone

56

What are the mountains in the Stellenbosch region?

SStellenbosch
Helderbereg
Simonsberg

57

What two notable Chateau will not produce a first wine for the 2017 vintage?

Chateau Corbin in St. Emilion and Chateau Fieuzal in Pessac will not produce a first wine.

58

What are the grapes used in Marsala production??

Grillo, Catarratto, Inzolia, Damaschino for Ambra and oro styles
Perricone, Calabrese, Nerello Mascalese for Rubino Wines

59

What are the regulations for corn Whiskey?

80% corn
May be un aged or aged in uncharted new barrels

60

What is the term for a cloudy sake, or sake that is bottled with it’s lees?

Nigori or nogorizake

61

Name the classification of the following:
Chateau Caillou
Chateau Coutet
Chateau Climens
Chateau Broustet

Chateau Caillou- Duxiemes Cru
Chateau Coutet- Premier Cru
Chateau Climens- Premier Cru
Chateau Broustet- Duxiemes Cru

62

What are the DOs of Alentejo?

Borba
Redondo
Reguengos
Vidigueira
Portalegre

63

What is the minimum alcohol for Condrieu?

11.5%

64

What style of wine may be produced in Listrac-Moulis?

Rouge only

65

What wine style is permitted in Luberon AOP?

All three colors. Rose allows up to 20% white varieties. 2 varieties must be in the blend.

66

What are the top two grapes in Washington state for red and white?

Chardonnay and Riesling
Cabernet and Merlot

67

What is MOVI?

Founded in 2009 by 12 wineries in Chile to make wine on a smaller scale compared to the massive wineries that dominated the industry. Movimiento de Vinateros Independientes

68

When was Bouchard founded?

1731

69

Name some of the lieu-dits of Cornas

Reynard
Chaillot
La Cote
Les Mazards
Thezier
Le Pigeonnier
La Geynale
Cayret
Sauman
Champelrose
Lessaveaux-Nord & Sud
Les Cotes
Patou
Jouyet
St. Pierre

70

Which region in South Africa is known as “the Black Land”

Swartland

71

What is the flavor of Aquavit?

Caraway

72

What are the best vintages in Sauternes in the 1980s? Worst?

1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989 were the best
1984 was the worst.

73

Where is Miguel Torre’s Chilean winery?

In Curico

74

Who makes Col Solare?

This is a collaboration between Antinori and Chateau Ste. Michelle wineries in Washington

75

Name four wines that are classified for both white and red wines in Graves?

Chateau Bouscat
Chateau Carboniuex
Domaine de Chevalier
Chateau Latour-Martillac
Chateau Malartic-Lagraviere
Chateau Olivier

76

Which DOs of Spain does the Douro river run through?

Arribes
Zamora
Toro
Rueda
Ribera Del Douro

77

What are the three ways to flavor liquors?

Maceration
Percolation
Infusion

78

What are the subregions of Niagara Enscarpment?

Short Hills Bench
Beemsville Bench
Twenty Mile Bench

79

What is the name of the river closest to the Coteau de Die AOP?

The Drome River

80

What is the name of Chile’s first winery?

Viña Ochavavia founded by Sylvestre Ochegavia in 1851.

81

What were the categories of the 2009 Scotch regulations?

Created five categories of Scotch
Single Malt
Single Grain
Blended Malt
Blended Grain
Blended Scotch

From 2012 on single malts must be bottled in Scotland

82

In what year was the VQA established in Ontario?

1988

83

What are Old Tom Gin and Plymouth Gin?

Old Tom Gin is lightly sweetened
Plymouth Gin was revived in 1996. It is fuller in body than London Dry and is the proper gin for the Pink Gin cocktail

84

What are the rules for a Wine of Origin from South Africa?

Wines must show correct varietal characteristics
Wines undergo scientific analysis
Wines must be 85% of the 75 approved grapes
85% vintage
100% production area- GI, region, district and ward
Single vineyard wines must be less than 6 hectares

85

Soil type of Entre-deux-Mers

Loamy and some gravel and limestone

86

What style of wine is produced n Coteau de Die?

Still white from 100% Clairette. 10.5% alcohol, max 6g/l

87

What are the regions that can add their name to the Cotes de Bordeaux AOP?

Francs, Cadillac, Castillon, Blaye, Sainte Foy

88

What is the minimum alcohol percentage for vodka in the EU?

37.5%

89

What are the 9 DOs of Cataluya?

Emporia
Pla de Bages
Alella
Penedes
Tarragona
Montsant
Conca de Barbera
Costers del Segre
Terra Alta

90

What percentage of alcohol is the minimum for Bordeaux Superior blanc and rouge?

Blanc is 12%
Rouge is 11%
Regular Bordeaux blanc is 11% and rouge is 10.5%

91

What are the AOPs of the Northern Rhone that can produce white wines?

Condrieu
Chateau Grillet
Saint Peray
Chatillon-en-Diois
Clairette de Die
Hermitage
Saint Joseph
Coteau de Die
Cremant de Die

92

Name as many premier crus of Sauternes as possible- there are 11

La Tour Blanche- Bommes
Lafaurie-Peyraguey- Bommes
Clos Haut-Peragyeuy- Bommes
de Raven-Vigneau- Bommes
Suideraut- Preignac
Coutet- Barsac
Climens- Barsac
Guiraud- Sauternes
Rabaul Proimis- Bommes
Signals-Rabaud- Bommes

93

What is ruby Cabernet?

In South Africa it is a cross of Carignan and Cabernet. Was made by UC Davis professor.

94

What is shochu?

Japanese grain spirit

95

What are the generic Bordeaux AOPS?

Cremant de Bordeaux for Mousseaux rose and blanc, Bordeaux AOP for blanc, rose, rouge, blanc moelleux, and Bordeaux Superieur.

96

What are the 20 villages of the Cotes-du-Rhone-Village AOP?

Chusclan
Gadagne
Laudun
Massif d’Uchaux
Plan de Dieu
Puymeras
Roaix
Rochegude
Roussette-les-Vignes
Sibley
Saint-Gervais
Saint-Maurice
Saint- Pantaleon
Saints-Cecile
Seguret
Signargues
Size-la-Rousse
Vaison-la-Romaine
Valreas
Visan

97

Excellent vintages in South Australia

1982
1990
1991
1996
2006
2012

98

What is Moromi?

The fermenting sake mash

99

What are the major geographic influences of the Franschhoek Valley?

The valley is enclosed by three sides by mountains: Groot Drakenstein, Franschhoek, Klein Drakenstein and Simonsberg

100

Which subregion of Vinho Verde is known for Alvarinho only wines?

Moncao e Melgaco

101

What are the GIs of the Fleurie zone of South Australia?

McLaren Vale
Southern Fleurie
Kangaroo Island
Langhorne Creek
Currency Creek

102

What are the St. Emilion satellites?

St. Georges - least exciting
Montagne- largest
Lussac- northernmost
Puisseguin-

103

Where would you find the Isle and Barbanne rivers?

Pomerol. The Dordogne river also runs through here.

104

What are the permitted grapes and aging requirements for Cremant de Die?

Vin Mousseaux Blanc
Clairette plus muscat and Aligote. No more than 10% muscat allowed. Manual harvesting. 9 months on the lees, released after 12 months.

105

When was apartide repealed in South Africa?

1994

106

What are the districts of Olifants River?

Lutzville Valley
Citrusdale Valley
Citrusdale Mountain

107

How many first growths or premiers crus are there in Sauternes?

11

108

Why are the islands in Scotland that can produce Scotch?

Skye, Jura, Mull, Arran, Orkney

109

When was Constantia founded?

1685

110

Define nigori

Nigori is unfiltered sake

111

What are the districts of the Cape South Coast region? 6

Cape Agulhas
Elgin
Overberg
Plettenberg Bay
Swelledam
Walker Bay

112

Name three classified Chateau in Haut-Medoc

La Lagune
La Tour Carnet
Belgrave
Camensac
Cantemerle
Sociando-Mallet

113

What are the regions of the Niagara Peninsula?

Vinemount Ridge
Creek shores
Lincoln Lakeshores

114

What are the communes of Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape
Bedarrides
Orange
Courthezon
Sorgues

115

In which AOPs would you find the subregion of “Haut-Benange”

In Entre-Deux-Mers as well as in the basic Bordeaux AOP

116

Where in South Africa is the largest producing area with the most vineyard land?

Worcester within the Beede River Valley

117

What are the 2 districts of Klein Karoo? What style of wine is most common in this region?

Calitzdorp
Langenberg-Garcia

Sweet wines and port style wines and brandies are most common here.

118

What wine style is permitted in Ventoux AOP?

Red, white and rose. All wines must be a blend of at least two grapes.

119

What are the subzones of Ribeira Sacra?

Amandi
Chantada
Quiroga Bibei
Riberas do Mino
Riberas do Sil

120

In what year was the VQA established in British Columbia?

1990

121

What is zenkoji?

Sake made from 100% koji and no steamed rice in the production process.

122

What style of wine is permitted in Bourg/Cotes de Bourg?

Blanc and Rouge. Blanc is Sauvignon Blanc, SG, Semillon, Muscadelle, Colombard, and Rouge is Cab, Cab Franc, Cot and Merlot

123

Which winery was the first to plant Chardonnay in Canada?

Bright’s Wines

124

What is the major soil type found in Condrieu?

Arzelles soils which is decomposed granite.

125

What are the aging requirements for Cava?

9/12/30/30 months
Riserva
Gran Riserva
Cava de Paraje

126

What are the most recently upgraded villages of Cote du Rhone?

Carianne 2016
Duche d’Uzes
Vinsobres 2006

127

Who was responsible for making the first Cava and when?

Josep Raventos in 1872

128

In what year did Chateau d’Yquem sell to LVMH?

1999

129

What are the Premiers Crus that are not located in Bommes?

Chateau Suideraut is located in Priegnac
Chateau Climens and Coutet are in Barsac
Chateau Rieussec is in Fargues

130

What are the three regions that make up the Boberg region?

Paarl
Franschhoek Valley
Wellington
Tulbagh

All can produce fortified wines under the Boberg name

131

What are the rules for a Single Vineyard wine from South Africa?

Must be contiguous. Must be less than 6 hectares in size.

132

Wine style permitted in Graves AOP?

Rouge and Blanc sec. Merlot blanc and columbard are not permitted but all other Bordeaux varietals are used here.

133

What style of wine is permitted in Haut-Medoc and Medoc?

Both are rouge only. 11% alcohol, 3g/l, 55hl/ha

134

Where is Line Kiln AVA?

Central Coast AVA in San Benito County

135

What is a Tokkuri?

Sake flask

136

Describe the difference in soil types of Cote Blonde and Cote Brune?

Cote Blonde is Gneiss
Cote Brune is mica and schist

137

What was the most successful vintage of the 1970s?

1970

138

What is the northern most AOP in the Southern Rhone?

Grignan-les-Adhemar is the northernmost and may produce wine in all three colors.

139

Second wines of:
Chateau Leoville-Barton
Chateau Talbot
Chateau Langoa-Barton
Chateau Branair-Ducru

Reserve Leoville-Barton
Connetable de Talbot
Chateau Lady Langoa
Chateau Duluc

140

What are the districts of the Western Cape region?

Olifants River
Cape South Coast Region
Breede River Valley
Coastal Region
Klein Karoo

141

What white grapes are permitted in port production?

Semillon, Arinto, Cercial, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel Gallegos Branco, Rabbigato, Sercial, Verdelho, Voisino, Vital, Sitia, Folgazao

142

What are the GIs of the Limestone Coast?

Coonwara
Mount Benson
Robe
Mt. Gambier
Padthaway
Wratonbully

143

Where would you find the wineries Pewsey Vale, Henscke, Yalumba, and Montadam wineries?

In Eden Valley in South Australia

144

In what year was the South African Wine of Origin program instituted?

1973

145

Name the second wine for the following:
Cos d’Estournel
Chateau Montrose
Chateau Lafon-Rochet

Les Pagodes de Cos
La Dame du Montrose
Les Pelerines de Lafon-Rocket

146

Describe the wine style in Chatillon-en-Dois?

Blanc, Rose, Rouge
This is south of St. Peray next to Coteau de Die
Blanc: Chardonnay and Aligote
Rouge and Rose are 60% Gamay plus Pinot and Syrah
50hl/ha

147

Walker Bay is most known for which varietals?

Chardonnay and Pinot Noir

148

What is the IPW scheme in South Africa?

Integrated Production of Wine Scheme is a voluntary certification to comply with environmental standards. By 2011 85% of all South African wine was certified.

149

What are the rules for Clairette de Die AOP?

Styles permitted are Mousseaux & Methode Dioise Ancestrale
Mousseaux: Clairette, 3.5 atmospheres, 9 months on the lees and 15g/k
Methode Dioise: 75% Muscat, 35g/l 4 months on the lees and 3 atmospheres

150

In which region/district is the KWV Brandy Cellar located?

In Worcester within the Breede River Valley

151

What year was the Whiskey Rebellion?

1794

152

Collioure AOP overlaps which other region in Roussillon?

Banyuls- it is the AOP for still reds, whites and roses.

153

What are the 5 VQA areas of British Columbia?

British Columbia GI
Fraser Valley GI
Gulf Islands
Okanagan GI
Similkameen GI
Vancouver Island GI

154

In what region is Iniskillin?

Niagara on the lake

155

When was Cape Town founded?? By whom?

Founded in 1655 by Jan Van Riebeck

156

What is the wine style permitted in Sainte-Croix-du-Mont AOP?

Blanc liquoreaux 45g/l
Muscadelle, SB, SG, Semillon

157

Where would you find St. Helena Bay?

Off the coast of Olifants River in the Western Cape

158

Who owns Almaviva?

Concha y Toro and Baron Phillips Rothschild in 1997

159

What is Bouchet?

Merlot in St. Emilion in known as bouchet.

160

What is the sole GI of the Far North Zone of South Australia?

Southern Flinders Ranges

161

What are the subregions of Vinho Verde?

Vinho Verde became a DO in 1999. The subregions are:
Moncao e Melgaco
Lima
Cavado
Basto
Ave
Amarante
Sousa
Baiao
Paiva

162

Who distilled the first whiskey in TN?

Rev. Elijah Craig in 1789

163

Wine style and grapes permitted for Blaye AOP?

Rouge only. Min 50% combined Cabernet, Cab Franc, Merlot. 12% alcohol and 3g/l RS.

164

What are the regulations for Tennessee whiskey?

Filtered with maple charcoal
Manufactured in TN
51% corn
Aged in 1 time used charred oak barrels

165

What are the original 6 wineries of St. Joseph?

Glun
Mauves
Tournon
St. Jean-de-Muzois
Lemes
Voin

166

What is the name for an AOP which is 100% clairette in the southern Rhone?

Clairette de Bellegard within the Costieres de Nimes AOP

167

What style of wine may be produced in Graves Superieures AOP?

Sweet white from Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Muscadelle. 34 g/l RS, Botrytis and harvested in tries.

168

Second wines of the following:
Chateau Trotanoy
Chateau La Conseillante
Chateau Lafleur

Esperanza de Trotanoy
Duo de Conseillante
Pensees de Lafleur

169

What are the communes of Hermitage?

Tain-l’Hermitage
Crozes-Hermitage Hermitage
Larnage

170

Name the second wines for the following:
Haut Brion
Chateau Duhart-Milon-Rothschild
Chateau Pedesclaux

Le Clarence du Haut Brion
Moulin de Duhart
Fleurieu de Pedesclaux

171

If a wine says “Hors d’Age” on the label when can it be released?

5th year after harvest

172

Define a genever

A sweeter style of gin that has less alcohol that a London Dry gin. Flavor of malt and juniper. References the first gin made in Holland in the 16th century by Dr. Sylvius De Bouvve
Traditionally was made with 15% “malt wine” a distillate of corn, rye and wheat

173

What are the most successful vintages on the right bank since 2000?

2016, 2016, 2010, 2009, 2005

174

What is the soil type in Swartland?

Malmsebury Shale

175

What do the terms “Amakuchi, and karakuchi” mean on a bottle of sake?

Amakuchi means sweet
Karakuchi means dry

176

Where is Darnibole PDO?

In Cornwall England. Is 100% bachus

177

What are the PDOs for the United Kingdom?

English Wine PDO
Darnibole PDO
Welsh Wine PDO

178

What are poios?

Terraces on Madeira

179

What are latadas?

Low trellises on Madeira

180

What are levadas?

Canals that drain the water on the hills in Madeira

181

Who regulates the Madeira wine industry?

IVBAM- The Wine, Embroidery and Handicraft Institute of Madeira

182

What does Seleccionado mean on a bottle of Madeira?

This is a blended wine that is 3 years old minimum, made in an Estufagem and probably from Tinta Negra grape

183

What does Reserve indicate on a bottle of Madeira?

That the wine is 5 years old or older, but below 15 years. Made in the Cateiro method.

184

What does “Special Reserve” indicated on a bottle of Madeira?

The wine is from a single Noble grape variety and made in the canteiro method.

185

What are the crus of Cannubi?

Cannubi
Cannubi Valletta
Cannubi Boschis
Cannubi Moscatel
Cannubi San Lorenzo

186

When did Jerez become an appellation?

In 1933 with the establishment of the Consejo Regulador

187

The Guadalquivir River and the Guadalete River are found where?

In Jerez

188

Name some Pagos in Jerez

Macharnudo, Anina, Carrascal

189

Anina, Carrascal and Macharduno are all Pagos where?

Jerez

190

What is the press yield of Jerez?

72.5 liters per 100kg of grapes (to compare Franciacorta and Champagne are 70liters to 100kg of grapes)

191

What is mosto prensa?

Poor quality pressing at the end that is used for distilling

192

What are the two winds that blow through Jerez?

The Poniente from the Atlantic and the Levant from the east.

193

What does “Ledeno” mean on a bottle of Slovenian wine?

This is their term for icewine

194

Where would you find the Tagus River?

In Portugal- flows west from the Spanish border to Lisboa.

195

Where is Arruda?

It is in Portugal on the Peninsula de Setubal

196

What is the coolest and wettest part of Alentejo?

Portalegre- land rises to 1,000 meters, granite and schist.

197

Where would you find the regions of Borba, Redondo and Reguengos?

In Alentejo in Southern Portugal