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Flashcards in 20s And Great Depression Deck (87):
1

Modernist

A person who embraces new ideals, styles, and social trends

2

Volstead act

A law passed by Congress in 1919 to enforce the 18th amendment which prohibited the manufacture and the sale of alcoholic beverages

3

Speakeasy

A secret club that sold alcohol during the Prohibition era

4

Bootlegging

The production, transport, and sale of illegal alcohol

5

Consumer price index

A measure of the cost of basic necessities such as food and housing

6

Fundamentalism

The belief that scripture should be read as the literal word of God and followed without question

7

Flappers

A young woman who broke up traditional expectations for how women should dress and behave

8

Theory of evolution

Developed by Charles Darwin, a scientific theory that all plants and animals, including humans, evolved from simpler forms of life over thousands or millions of years

9

Creationism

The belief that God created the universe

10

Eugenics

The idea that the human species should be improved by permitting only characteristics judged desirable to reproduce

11

Scopes trial

A criminal trial that tested the constitutionality of the Tennessee law that banned the teaching of Darwins theory of evolution in schools; science teacher John Scopes was found guilty and fined for his conduct, leaving the Tennessee law intact

12

What did modernist think about prohibition

They didn't think that drinking was sinful

13

What did traditionalist think about prohibition

They argued the alcoholism caused crime, violence, and the break ups of family; and thought alcohol was a foreign influence

14

What did traditionalist think about evolution versus creationism

They disagreed with evolution and didn't want it taught in school

15

What did modernists think about evolution versus creationism

They believe in evolution and wanted it to be taught in school

16

Where did traditionalist tend to live

In rural places

17

Where did modernist tend to live

In urban cities

18

What did the AAA do?

Paid farmers to plant fewer crocs, helped reduce crops supplies and increase market demand, provided loans to farmers so they could stay on their land

19

What does the AAA stand for

Agricultural adjustment administration

20

What amendment band production and sale of alcohol in the United States

18th

21

What happened for the first time in 1920 cities compared to the rural and suburban areas

More Americans lived in urban centers than in rural places

22

What percent did the millionaire class jump to and what does this tell us

400%. This tells us that there was an economic boom that helped a lot of people.

23

Harlem created what kind of music

Jazz

24

What's a new negro

Someone who is proud to be black and stood up for the negro

25

What did the US invest $1 billion into during the 1920s

Construction of highways, bridges, and tunnels, this united more of the country

26

What happened with credit in the 1920s

More people were buying things on credit and going into debt

27

What were women doing during the 1920s

Women were finding jobs and careers, the 19th amendment gave women the right to vote

28

What was significant about the radio

It became as important as the car, and broadcasted the results of the presidential election

29

Who was Charles Lindbergh

He flew across the Atlantic in the plane the "Spirit of St. Louis"

30

How did the Hamil brothers change the oil industry

They dug up the hill where the biggest both of oil was discovered. Oil was a much more efficient resource and could do two times what coal could do, the price of oil became much cheaper

31

I was the Model T so cheap

It was able to be made quickly and efficiently in America is becoming more mobilized and families were able to travel

32

Was the great migration

When 1 in 7 African-Americans (1.5 million) migrated north

33

What was the Chicago race riot

It began when a police officer refused to rest a white man for killing a black man. Instead he arrested another black man.

34

What affect did prohibition have

It created A nation of criminals, and an illegal liquor trade

35

How did the government finally capture Al Capone

They caught him for tax evasion

36

What was the Harlem Renaissance

The black renaissance that took place in Harlem, New York, in which there was an explosion in music, writing, and art.

37

What did Harding focus on

The return to normalcy, which was the way things were before World War I. There was no problem with alcohol, and the government decreased their interference (the return to Laissez-Faire), called this the free enterprise system.

38

Who used the Republican formula?

Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover

39

What did Latin America do in the return to isolationism

They removed their military presence and didn't intervene

40

What happened when the US return to isolationism

They ignored the league of Nations because he didn't want to focus on European affairs

41

What happened in the Washington Naval conference in 1921

The US participated with other large countries, and agreed to reduce their naval and military power

42

What was the Kellog Briand pack of 1928

US decided to outlaw war

43

What was the Dawes plan

A way to get money back from World War I

44

What did Coolidge do

He cut income tax and got rid of inheritance tax, cut government spending

45

What did Hoover do

Associationalism- tried to make businesses more affective by getting them to combine, his main goal was to banish poverty

46

What book did Hoover write

American individualism, he thinks individuals can be successful on their own

47

What happened to wages in the 1920s

They increased and people have extra income, production costs were cheaper

48

What were installment plans

Paying for things in installments a certain amount month by month, or by credit

49

What happened to labor unions

They decreased because their goals were met

50

What were the Palmer raids

Palmer was in charge and allowed the FBI and CIA to break into homes, businesses, or anyone they assumed was associated with socialism or communism

51

What was the first red scare

The start of the Palmer raids

52

How did conservatives respond to the depression

They oppose large governmental efforts to affect change, insisted that charities would take on the task of providing needs to the needy, and that it was local governments responsibility to care. They valued self-reliance, individual responsibility, and personal liberty.

53

How did liberals respond to the depression

They thought the government should help during the depression and thought the public works should create jobs.

54

How did radicals respond to the depression

I wanted a totally planned economy

55

How did Hoover respond to the depression

He tried to keep the government out of the business of the people, he created an organization to bail out the banks, believed that money will trickle down and help the poor

56

How did FDR respond to the depression

He pledged to do whatever it took to help the needy, has ideas about relief, recovery, and reform.

57

What was the new deal

FDR's domestic program which aimed to help economic relief.

58

What were the first hundred days

First hundred days of FDR's presidency, 1 acres passed a record number of bills

59

What is relief

Measures intended to help unemployed people

60

What is recovery

Measures to help reverse the economy

61

What is reform

Measures taken to ensure the depression would never happen again

62

What were Hooverville's

Places the unemployed lived, they blamed Hoover for the economic crisis

63

What was the RFC

A government agency created by Congress to provide loans to banks, railroads, and big businesses to keep them from failing

64

What is social welfare

Government or private social services intended to aid disadvantaged groups

65

What is the business cycle

Trough, expansion, peak, contraction

66

What caused the great depression

Under consumption, overproduction, credit, speculation, and the uneven distribution of wealth

67

What is the Federal Reserve system

The central bank of the United States which conducts monetary policy

68

What are the functions of the Fed

Ducks monetary policy, rights regulations, supervisors banks to ensure the banking system is working, manages the payment system, offers assistance to the US government and banks

69

What is monetary policy

The decisions that the Fed makes that affects the national supply of money and credit, to achieve goals such as full employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.

70

What is the law of supply and demand

When the supply of goods increase, and the demand stays the same, the price of goods will drop. When demand increases, but the supply stays the same, prices will increase.

71

What is Say's law?

Say's law says that surplus goods will all eventually be bought because prices will go down until everything is sold.

72

How can you make money from stocks

Dividends are earning share payments to stockholders, investors can sell the stock on the secondary stock market for more than they paid for it

73

What is speculation

When purchasers see that corporations have gone up points and decide to buy shares, not knowing whether or not the company has actually made a profit.

74

What caused the dustbowl

A drought, farmers couldn't afford to let their land lie fallow

75

Who did unemployment greatly affect

Young, elderly, military workers, and African-Americans. Many states didn't hire women if their husbands earned a living wage.

76

What happened to American families

They suffered psychological stress as well as financial stress, the suicide rate reached an all-time high. Families were forced to leave their homes or move in with relatives. The marriage, birth, and divorce rates all dropped during this time because couples were unable to afford them.

77

What happened to the malnourished?

Malnourishment led to other sickness, the poor were unable to afford the medical care required, people turned towards soup kitchens for a meal

78

How the new deal affect workers

Strengthened the labor movement, boosted the power of labor unions

79

How did the new deal affect women

Eleanor Roosevelt traveled the country and assessed people's needs, some women assumed high government positions, a husband and wife were not both allowed to have jobs causing some women to lose their jobs.

80

How did the new deal affect African-Americans

They faced discrimination in hiring, but were helped by organization such as the CCC and WPA, continue to face oppression, and anti-lynching Bill was declined by Congress

81

How did the new deal affect American Indians

John Collier tried to repair damage of ruined Indian cultures and traditions with the Indian New Deal. He ended the policy of force assimilation, encouraged cultural awareness, and pass the Indian recognition act of 1934.

82

How did the new deal affect Mexican-Americans

They suffered from poverty, unemployment, and failed farms and businesses. More than one third of Mexican-Americans went back to Mexico

83

What was the legacy of the new deal

American should have a right to economic security, FDR believe in the rights of a job, a decent home, adequately does, medical care and a good education. The Social Security act established our modern welfare state

84

What was the red summer

The summer of 1919 where there was race riots between whites and African-Americans

85

What was the Valentine's Day massacre?

When 7 men were killed during the prohibition era led by Al Capone

86

What was the bonus army

A group of WW1 veterans who marched to the Capitol to demand their promised bonus for fighting in WW1

87

Traditionalist

A person who has long-held respect for religious and cultural values