2.1 Migration as a component of population change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.1 Migration as a component of population change Deck (18)
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Migration

Movement of people across a specified boundary-national or international- to establish at a new permanent place

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Internal migration

People moving within one country

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International migration

People moving within more than one country.

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Immigration

Movement of people into a particular country.

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Emigration

Movement of people leaving a country.

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In-migration

Movement within a country to a particular destination.

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Out-migration

Movement away from a destination

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Net migration

Number of migrants entering a region minus number of migrants leaving a region.

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Migration stream

Formed by migrants sharing a common origin and destination.

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Counterstream

Reverse flow of migrants.

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Push factors

Negative conditions at the point of origin, which encourage or force people to move.

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Pull factors

Positive conditions at point of destination.

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Chain migration

Process that occurs after one or a small number of pioneering migrants have led the way. Others are to follow.

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Relay migration

When in a family cycle different people are responsible for migrating to maintain and improve the financial position of the family.

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Step migrations

When a rural migrant moves to a bigger town and then proceeds to move to an even bigger city. Happens in steps.

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Voluntary migration

When the individual or household has the choice of whether to move or not.

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Forced migration

When individual or household doesn't have a choice but to move.

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Migration typologies

Classifications of migration into types, such as distance, duration and causes.