22: Subjunctive Mood Verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 22: Subjunctive Mood Verbs Deck (28)
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1

ἀμήν

truly (amen)

2

ἄν

(not usually translated; indefinite particle) "ever"

3

ἐάν

if, if ever (combination of εἰ and ἄν)

4

ἐὰν μή

unless; if not

5

ἕως

until; while (adverb); as prep. + gen. to, until

6

ἵνα

in order that; that

7

ὅπου

where

8

ὅπου ἄν or ὅπου ἐάν

wherever, whenever

9

ὅπως

in order that; that

10

ὅταν

when, whenever (from ὅτε + ἅν)

11

ὅτε

when

12

οὕτως

so, thus, in this way (adverb from οὗτος + ὡς)

13

ὡς

as; like (with numbers: "about", "approximately")

14

πῶς

how?

15

τέρας, τέρατος, τό

wonder, miracle

16

Recite Present Active Subjunctive

17

Recite Present Middle/Passive and Deponent Subjunctive

18

Recite Aorist Active Subjunctive

19

Recite First Aorist Middle/Deponent Subjunctive

20

Recite First Aorist Passive/Deponent Subjunctive

21

What are the irregular verb patterns we have seen until now?

1. Contract Verbs

2. Second Aorists 

3. Liquid Verbs

22

Recite Subjunctive forms of ἐιμί

23

What does the subjunctive mood express?

An indefinite event whose agent, object, time, condition being met, etc. is not expressed or left open.

24

What are the 4 most important uses of the subjunctive mood and their helping clauses?

1. Purpose or Result Clauses (ἵνα, ὅπως)

2. Future Condition (ἐάν, έάν μή)

3. Indefinite Temporal Clause (ὅταν)

4. Emphatic Negation (οὐ μή)

25

Use of Purpose or Result Clauses (ἵνα, ὅπως)

Expresses the purpose (intended result) or, less often, the actual result of the main clause.

(ex. ἴνα μαρτυρήσῃ, "in order that he might testify")

26

Use of Future Condition (ἐάν, έάν μή)

When the writer does not want to specify who will meet the condition or whether it will be met.

(ex. ἐάν τις τὸν ἐμὸν λόγον τηρήσῃ, "If anyone keeps my word")

27

Use of Indefinite Temporal Clause (ὅταν)

To make a statement similar to a conditional clause, yet with an indefinite time element.

(ex. ὅταν γάρ ἀσθενῶ, "For whenever I am weak")

28

Use of Emphatic Negation (οὐ μή)

Following οὐ μή, the subjunctive strongly denies that a future action or state will occur.

(ex. οὐ μή θεωρήσῃ, "he will never see")