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Gruber's 2300 > 2254 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2254 Deck (46):
1

traverse

\trə-ˈvərs\

D. to cross an area of land or water

E. skiers traversing the slopes / The region is traversed by several roads.

2

travesty

\'tra-ve's-tē\

D. something that does not have the qualities or values that it should have, and as a result is often shocking or offensive; a burlesque; a distortion

E. the trial was a travesty of justice. / His claim is a travesty of the facts.

3

treatise

\ˈtrē-təs\

D. a long and serious piece of writing on a particular subject

4

trek

D. to travel slowly

E. Star Trek: into darkness

5

tremor

\'tre-me'r\

D. a slight shaking movement in a part of your body caused, for example, by cold or fear

E. There was a slight tremor in his voice. / She felt a tremor of fear run through her.

6

tremulous

D. shaking slightly because you are nervous; causing you to shake slightly

E. a tremulous voice / He was in a state of tremulous excitement.

7

trenchant

D. keen; forceful

E. His trenchant views on the subject are well known.

8

trepidation

\tre-pe'-'dā-she'n\

D. great worry or fear about something unpleasant that may happen

E. He answered the door with some trepidation.

9

tribulation

\ˌtri-byə-ˈlā-shən\

D. great trouble or suffering

E. the tribulations of modern life

10

tribunal

\trī-'byü-ne'l\

D. a type of court with the authority to deal with a particular problem or disagreement

E. an international war crimes tribunal / a military tribunal

11

trite

D. dull and boring because it has been expressed so many times before; not original

12

troth

\ˈträth\

D. loyal; one's pledged word

E. pledged my troth / by my troth, I will not trespass on your precious property

13

truckle

\ˈträ-kəl\

D. to submit and be servile

E. the kind of guy who truckles to anyone who has even a suspicion of money

14

truculent

\'trä-cyü-le'nt\

D. tending to argue or be bad-tempered; slightly aggressive

E. ‘What do you want?’ he asked, sounding slightly truculent.

15

truism

\trui-se'm\

D. a statement that is clearly true and does not therefore add anything interesting or important to a discussion

E. ended his letter with the overused truism, “You can't win them all!”

16

trumpery

\ˈträm-p(ə-)rē\

D. objects of little value

E. a wagon loaded with household trumpery

17

truncate

D. to make something shorter, especially by cutting off the top or end

E. My article was published in truncated form. / Further discussion was truncated by the arrival of tea.

18

truncheon

\ˈtrən-chən\

D. a short thick stick that police officers carry as a weapon

E. police officers were forced to use their truncheons on the rioters

19

tryst

\trist\

D. a secret meeting between lovers

E. both lovers had to hurry to keep their noontime tryst in the park

20

tumid

\ˈtü-məd\

D. swollen; inflated

E. he'd just been in a fight, and was nursing his tumid lip

21

turbid

D. full of mud, dirt, etc. so that you cannot see through it

E. the pond water became turbid from our swimming and splashing / turbid depths of degradation and misery

22

turbulence

D. a state of commotion or agitation, a situation in which there is a lot of sudden change, confusion, disagreement and sometimes violence

E. a period of turbulence in the country's history / We experienced severe turbulence during the flight.

23

turgid

D. boring, complicated and difficult to understand; swollen; containing more water than usual

E. turgid prose / the turgid waters of the Niles

24

turncoat

\'te'rn-cōt\

D. a person who leaves one political party, religious group, etc. to join one that has very different views

E. the plot of the story revolved around the gangster's relentless determination to learn the identity of the turncoat

25

turnkey

D. a jailer

26

turpitude

\ˈtər-pə-ˌtüd\

D. very immoral behaviour

E. drug addiction and other forms of moral turpitude are depicted as alternative fashion statements

27

tutelage

\'tü-te'-le'g\

D. the teaching and instruction that one person gives to another

E. Under his tutelage, she started reading widely again. / A new regime was installed under French tutelage.

28

tyro

\tī-ro\

D. a person who has little or no experience of something or is beginning to learn something

E. he's a good musician, but at 14, he's still a tyro and has a lot to learn

29

ubiquitous

\yü-ˈbi-kwə-təs\

D. omnipresent

E. the ubiquitous bicycles of university towns / the ubiquitous movie star, Tom Hanks

30

ulterior

\ä-'ti-rē-e'r\

D. that somebody keeps hidden and does not admit

E. She must have some ulterior motive for being nice to me—what does she really want?

31

ultimate

D. the farthest; the final; the highest

E. We will accept ultimate responsibility for whatever happens. / This race will be the ultimate test of your skill. / We could not trace the ultimate source of the rumours.

32

ultimatum

\ˌəl-tə-ˈmā-təm\

D. a final warning to a person or country that if they do not do what you ask, you will use force or take action against them

E. She was given an ultimatum—work harder or lose her job.

33

umbrage

\ˈəm-brij\

D. shadow; take umbrage (at sth): to feel offended, insulted or upset by something, often without a good reason

E. took umbrage at the slightest suggestion of disrespect

34

unadulterated

D. pure, you use unadulterated to emphasize that something is complete or total; not adulterated

E. For me, the holiday was sheer unadulterated pleasure. / unadulterated foods

35

unanimity

\ˌyü-nə-ˈni-mə-tē\

D. agreement (uni+anim)

E. We won't all agree, but we need to achieve a degree of unanimity.

36

unassuming

D. modest

37

unbridled

\än-brī-de'l-d\

D. not controlled and therefore extreme

E. unbridled passion

38

uncanny

D. strange and difficult to explain

E. I had an uncanny feeling I was being watched. / He has an uncanny knack of being able to see immediately where the problem lies.

39

unconscionable

D. done without applying one's conscience

E. You take an unconscionable amount of time getting dressed!

40

uncouth

\än-'cüth\

D. rude or socially unacceptable; clumsy; not having culture or polished

E. uncouth laughter / an uncouth young man

41

unction

\änc-she'n\

D. the act of pouring oil on somebody's head or another part of their body as part of an important religious ceremony; behaviour or speech that is not sincere and that expresses too much praise or admiration of somebody

42

unctuous

\änc-shü-e's\

D. riendly or giving praise in a way that is not sincere and which is therefore unpleasant

E. an unctuous host

43

undulate

\än-de'-lāt\

D. to go or move gently up and down like waves

E. The countryside undulates pleasantly.

44

unearth

D. to dig up

45

unequivocal

D. clear

46

unfaltering

D. unhesitating; not wavering or weakening

E. unfaltering loyalty