Flashcards in 24 Frontal Cortex Deck (32)
What two sections does the central sulcus separate?
Primary Motor Cortex and Primary Somatosensory Cortex
Areas ___ and ____ make up the orbital sulcus.
11 and 47
The cingulum wraps around the _______ _________.
Which area does the Superior Longitudinal Fasciculus not connect with? 7, 8, 9, 10 and 44
no connection to 10
True/False: The arcuate fasciculus connects a bit to the occipital lobe.
Which broadman's area does the arcuate fasciculus connect to?
44 and 45
True/False: The inferior fronto-occipital controls involuntary ocular movement.
False; VOLUNTARY ocular movement
True/False: Abulic syndromes will cause a change to the person's IQ.
False; It will not cause a change to the person's IQ.
A person with an abulic syndrome will have trouble answering _________ questions.
A. divergent B. convergent
Automatic motor behavior is most related to what syndrome?
A. Behavioral Syndrome
B. Abulic Syndrome
C. Cognitive Syndrome
A person with a behavioral syndrome has damage to what part of the brain?
orbital frontal cortex
True/False: A person who has suffered from frontal lobe damage will not have difficulty with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task.
False: They will have difficulty in adjusting to a different type of organization when the tester switches the criteria of sorting.
True/False: The Stroop Test is a parietal lobe function test.
False: It is a frontal lobe functional test.
True/False: A person with Broca's aphasia will have trouble understanding phrases with unusual structures.
The unicinate fasciculous branches from the temporal lobe to the ______ and ______.
pre-frontal cortex, orbital cortex
True/False: The frontal aslant tract is for motor control of the body.
False, it's for language
True/False: Damage in the brodmann's area 4 and 6 will cause contralateral deficit in the motor control system.
Damage in the brodmann's area 6 and 8 will cause ______.
True/False: Anarchic hand syndrome is not commonly found in split brain patients.
False, it's common
What happens if there's lesion in the pre-frontal cortex?
disruptions in the cognitive functions, memories, motor sequencing impaired. Planning and goal directing behavioral are also impaired
True/False: Damage to the left hemisphere will damage prosody.
False, it's the right hemisphere
The primary motor cortex has ____% of its fibers running down the spinal tract.
The Gambling Task study by Bechara et. al. showed that patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VM) damage have impaired ability for what decision making parameter?
What underlines VM patients' inability to asses risk?
Impaired Learning from Experience
What are the neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with frontal lobe damage?
Schizophrenia, Autism and Stuttering
What are the main structures that are compromised in the neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with frontal lobe damage
Myelinated Tracts (that lead to the associated areas)
Fractional Anisotropy (FA) provides an index for the assessment of the integrity of the myelinated tracts. True or False.
Association areas relevant to vision are predominantly in which hemisphere of the brain?
Association areas relevant to speech are predominantly in which hemisphere