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Flashcards in 24 Frontal Cortex Deck (32)
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1

What two sections does the central sulcus separate?

Primary Motor Cortex and Primary Somatosensory Cortex

2

Areas ___ and ____ make up the orbital sulcus.

11 and 47

3

The cingulum wraps around the _______ _________.

Corpus Callosum

4

Which area does the Superior Longitudinal Fasciculus not connect with? 7, 8, 9, 10 and 44

no connection to 10

5

True/False: The arcuate fasciculus connects a bit to the occipital lobe.

True

6

Which broadman's area does the arcuate fasciculus connect to?

44 and 45

7

True/False: The inferior fronto-occipital controls involuntary ocular movement.

False; VOLUNTARY ocular movement

8

True/False: Abulic syndromes will cause a change to the person's IQ.

False; It will not cause a change to the person's IQ.

9

A person with an abulic syndrome will have trouble answering _________ questions.
A. divergent B. convergent

divergent

10

Automatic motor behavior is most related to what syndrome?
A. Behavioral Syndrome
B. Abulic Syndrome
C. Cognitive Syndrome

Behavioral Syndrome

11

A person with a behavioral syndrome has damage to what part of the brain?

orbital frontal cortex

12

True/False: A person who has suffered from frontal lobe damage will not have difficulty with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task.

False: They will have difficulty in adjusting to a different type of organization when the tester switches the criteria of sorting.

13

True/False: The Stroop Test is a parietal lobe function test.

False: It is a frontal lobe functional test.

14

True/False: A person with Broca's aphasia will have trouble understanding phrases with unusual structures.

True

15

The unicinate fasciculous branches from the temporal lobe to the ______ and ______.

pre-frontal cortex, orbital cortex

16

True/False: The frontal aslant tract is for motor control of the body.

False, it's for language

17

True/False: Damage in the brodmann's area 4 and 6 will cause contralateral deficit in the motor control system.

True

18

Damage in the brodmann's area 6 and 8 will cause ______.

Apraxia

19

True/False: Anarchic hand syndrome is not commonly found in split brain patients.

False, it's common

20

What happens if there's lesion in the pre-frontal cortex?

disruptions in the cognitive functions, memories, motor sequencing impaired. Planning and goal directing behavioral are also impaired

21

True/False: Damage to the left hemisphere will damage prosody.

False, it's the right hemisphere

22

The primary motor cortex has ____% of its fibers running down the spinal tract.

50

23

The Gambling Task study by Bechara et. al. showed that patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VM) damage have impaired ability for what decision making parameter?

Risk Assesement

24

What underlines VM patients' inability to asses risk?

Impaired Learning from Experience

25

What are the neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with frontal lobe damage?

Schizophrenia, Autism and Stuttering

26

What are the main structures that are compromised in the neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with frontal lobe damage

Myelinated Tracts (that lead to the associated areas)

27

Fractional Anisotropy (FA) provides an index for the assessment of the integrity of the myelinated tracts. True or False.

True

28

Association areas relevant to vision are predominantly in which hemisphere of the brain?

Right

29

Association areas relevant to speech are predominantly in which hemisphere

Left

30

Temporal discrimination and proverbs are predominantly processed in which hemispheres

Both Left and Right