25 & 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 25 & 26 Deck (31):
1

What does a basic manicure typically involve?

cutting, shaping, and often painting of the nails, removal of the cuticle, and softening of the skin.

2

what size is a foam hand cushion generally:

8-12 inches

3

what is a local source capture ventilation system?

is a system designed to capture vapors and dust at the source and remove them from the air before they have a chance to escape into the salon.

4

give 3 examples of a single-use implement

wooden pusher,
nail brush,
dust mask

5

give 3 examples of a multi-use implement

metal pusher,
nail nippers,
tweezers

6

Which implement should be used to place nail art on the nail plate?

tweezers

7

Why might a nail professional opt to wear a mask during service?

to keep nail dust and particles out of the lungs

8

When should a non-acetone polish remover be used?

when removing nail wraps

9

when should an acetone polish remover be used?

to remove nail polish

10

Describe the differences between a regular nail polish and a gel polish

1. Regular polish: enamel, lacquer or varnish - not cured, followed by a top-coat.
2. Gel: cured under UV lamp, lasts 10-12 days.

11

What is a commonly used ingredient in nail hardeners?

methylene glycol

12

why is a pedicuring stool manufactured low to the ground?

to make it ergonomically easier for the pedicurist to work

13

which specialized piece of equipment keeps pedicuring supplies organized

pedicuring cart

14

what is a toenail nipper and what does it do?

similar to a fingernail nipper, but are larger, much stronger, and used to trim toenails.

15

who should sharp implements NOT be used on?

anyone with a chronic illness

16

Describe: foot masque

concentrated treatment products composed of mineral clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, extracts, and other ingredients to cleanse, exfoliate, tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish the skin.

17

Describe: foot soak

products put into the water in a pedicure bath to soften skin on the feet during the soak time.

18

Describe: exfoliating scrub

gritty lotions massaged on the foot and leg to remove dry, flaky skin and reduce calluses.

19

Describe: massage oil

lubricant used to make the skin slippery during massage

20

Describe: lotions or creams

condition and moisturize the skin of the legs and feet, to soften calluses, and to provide slip for massage.

21

Describe: callus softener

products designed to soften and smooth thickened tissue (calluses).

22

What ingredient is commonly used in callus softeners?

urea,
salicylic acid, and
potassium hydroxide

23

How long should a client generally go between pedicure treatments?

4 - 6 weeks

24

When performing a pedicure, what should NOT be pushed back?

eponychium

25

What agencies developed the procedure for disinfecting foot spas?

Nail Manufacturer's Council (NMC), and
International Nail Technician's Association (INTA)

26

Describe reflexology massage:

a unique method of applying pressure with the thumb and index fingers to the hands and feet.

27

_________ a metal implement with a grooved edge used for filing and smoothing the edges of the nail plate.

nail rasp

28

Large ________, also known as pedicure paddles, are designed to reduce and smooth thicker foot calluses

foot files

29

__________ of many designs, from foam rubber, one-piece units, that fit between the toes to a rope type that is woven between the toes.

toe separators

30

SIngle-use __________ are for clients who have not worn open-toed shoes and want to avoid smudging newly applied toenail polish

paper or foam slippers

31

a ____________ is a implement with a small, scoop-shaped end that allows for more efficient removal of debris from the nail folds, eponychium, and hyponychium areas.

curette