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Flashcards in 26 Deck (22):
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Monroe doctrine

Issued by James Monroe 1823, said American continent could no longer be colonized by Europeans

1

Jose marti

Writer & revolutionary that went into US in exile, came back to Cuba for indep, dies early on as martyr

2

Spanish American war

Between Cuba US Spain, lasted 6 weeks, US won in favor of Cuban indep-becomes 1901 w/ heavy US influence, US gains philippines, guam, PR

3

Panama Canal

US tried to get Columbia to build it, French tried and failed, US spent 10 years building the canal, opened 1914, controlled by US until 12-13-99, brings in 3 bill per year

4

Roosevelt corollary

Issued 1904, exten. of Monroe Doc, said US could be int nat'l police power in W Hemisphere, euro nations complained but couldn't do anything about it

5

Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana

Dominated political life & played a major role in mex indep from Spain. 1833-55 elected 4 time, exiled 1855 for 20 years, came back as nothing

6

Stephen Austin

Encouraged revolt, @ Alamo-failed

7

Anglos

Americans who moved to Texas territory, would get cheap land for following Mexican rules

8

Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo

Signed 1848 gave US cali & SW territory, ended mex american war after 2 years

9

Benito Juarez

Big impact on mex life, poor Oaxaca fam, became lawyer & later governer of Oaxaca, led liberal La Reforma, into exile 1853, becomes prez 1861 & 1867, died 1872

10

La reforma

Emphasized land redistribution, separation of church / state, & increased edu opportunities

11

Napoleon 3

1862 orders invasion of Mexico w/in 1.5 years. Arch duke Max appt. emperor, withdraws after 5 years due to cost

12

Austrian duke Max

Emp in mex 5years, withdrew from mex, then caught and executed by firing squad

13

Porfirio Diaz

Caudillo that overthrew prez 1876, terrorized non supporters, ruled for 25 years, during reign food price increased making peasants suffer

14

Francisco madero

Ran for prez 1910, arrested by Diaz for being a threat, goes into US exile, calls for revolution, murdered after elected prez in 1911

15

Huerta

Military general that took over after madero

16

Caranza

Next mex leader, early democratic ideas but later betrayed them, has Zapata killed, revised constitution, overthrown by Obregon

17

Obregon

Overthrew Caranza

18

Favorable balance of trade

When a country makes more money off exports than spent on imports

19

Opium war

Begins 1839, advantage to British for modern ships, ended 1843 with treaty of Nanjing, British gained Hong Kong

20

Treaty of nanjing

Ended opium war in 1842 in favor of British, gave them Hong Kong

21

Extra territorial rights

British people didn't have to follow Chinese laws in 4 Chinese ports