2.6 Lundy Ch. 2 (4) Flashcards Preview

7303 Neuroanatomy > 2.6 Lundy Ch. 2 (4) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.6 Lundy Ch. 2 (4) Deck (17):
1

PNS demyelination often results in

- disrupted proprioception
- weakness

2

Guillain-Barré

- antibodies attack Schwann cells
- usu 2-3 weeks after mild infection

3

Guillain-Barré s/s

- decreased sensation
- skeletal paralysis
- pain, hypersensitivity
- cranial nerves of face may be affected

4

Guillain-Barré course

- rapid onset
- plateau
- gradual recovery (usu complete)

5

severe cases of Guillain-Barré (recovery)

may have cardiorespiratory problems

6

Guillain-Barré treatments

- plasmapheresis
- IV immunoglobulin therapy

**remove or neutralize antibodies that are attacking the cells

7

PT for Guillain-Barré

- acute: ROM
- recovery: strengthening, functional mobility

8

CNS demyelination

damage to myelin sheaths in brain and spinal cord

9

MS

multiple sclerosis

10

What happens in MS?

immune system attacks oligodendrocytes, producing plaques

11

plaques

patches of demyelination

12

MS s/s

- weakness
- lack of coordination
- impaired vision
- impaired sensation
- slurred speech

13

MS age of onset

20-40

14

types of MS

- relapsing/remitting
- secondary progressive
- primary progressive
- progressive relapsing

15

Deficiency in this may result in greater likelihood of developing MS

vitamin D

16

MS more common in (men/women)

women

17

PT treatment of MS

- maintain and improve function when possible
- avoid high temp, excessive exertion
- regular exercise
- stress mgmt