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Flashcards in 28 Deck (14):
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Militarism

Glorification of military strength. Build up if militaries pushed world closer to war

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Bismarck

Prussian Chancellor. 1864-71, used war to gain terr. & unify Germany. End military conquests after FrancoPruss war. Used policies to isolate foreign threats. Formed triple alliance. Forced to resign by Wilhelm 2

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Triple alliance

Between Bismarck & Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary

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Kaiser Wilhelm 2

Withered arm, small man complex. Forced Bismarck to resign. Lets Russia treaty run out 1890. Jelly of Brit navy, builds up own massively.

4

Triple entente

Due to Brits getting worried over German navy getting better. Between Germany Russia & France

5

Frank Ferdinand

Heir to Austrian throne, killed in Sarajevo June 28, 1914 by Gaviallo Princip. Austrians used event to punish Serbia

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Gaviallo Princip

19, killed Franz Ferdinand, member of blank hand

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Black Hand

Goal to get Austrians out of Bosnia, killed Franz Ferdinand

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Tsar nick 2

Told Wilhelm not to worry, war declared on him aug 1

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Schlieffen Plan

Alfred Graf Von schlieffen, German Military plan, attack France then russia in 2 front war, go through Belgium to get to France. Effective early on. On edge Paris, driven back by French, Russians attack on east

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Central powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire

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Western front

1of 2 front war, battle area in north France with Germans, tie along here as 1914 went on

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Trench warfare

Developed due to new weapons (machine guns), brutal (rats, filth, no fresh food, no sleep, damp, foot rot, trench mouth), characterized by high casualties (on foot machine guns), no territory gained (average 4 miles)

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No mans land

Open Space between trenches, fortified with barbed wire