2.9 - The gurpurabs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.9 - The gurpurabs Deck (57):
1

Gurpurabs

Gurpurabs are festivals, or celebrations that take place at anniversaries, usually the:
1. Birth
Or,
2. Death
of one of the Gurus

2

Gurpurabs are festivals, or celebrations that take place at anniversaries, usually the birth, or death of one of the Gurus.
In Punjabi, gurpurab means what?

In Punjabi, gurpurab means the:
1. Festival
Or,
2. Holiday
of a Guru

3

Throughout the world, how many gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs?

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs

4

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at what?

Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event

5

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are what?

The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the:
1. Birthday of Guru Nanak
2. Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh
3. Martyrdom of Guru Arjan
4. Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur

6

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
When is the gurpurab of the birthday of Guru Nanak celebrated?

The gurpurab of the birthday of Guru Nanak is celebrated in:
1. October
Or,
2. November

7

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
When is the gurpurab of the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh celebrated?

The gurpurab of the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh is celebrated in:
1. December
Or,
2. January

8

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
When is the gurpurab of the martyrdom of Guru Arjan celebrated?

The gurpurab of the martyrdom of Guru Arjan is celebrated:
1. May
Or,
2. June

9

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
When is the gurpurab of the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur celebrated?

The gurpurab of the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur is celebrated in:
1. November
Or,
2. December

10

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is what?

A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar

11

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
The 4 gurpurabs that are widely celebrated by Sikhs throughout the world are the birthday of Guru Nanak, the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held when?

A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August

12

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by doing what?

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib

13

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
1. The Guru Granth Sahib is carried how?

The Guru Granth Sahib is carried in procession

14

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
1. The Guru Granth Sahib is carried in procession.
Sometimes, it is carried on a what with members of the Khalsa on either side to do what?

Sometimes, the Guru Granth Sahib is carried on a float with members of the Khalsa on either side to:
1. Protect it
2. Show it respect

15

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
1. The Guru Granth Sahib is carried in procession.
Sometimes, it is carried on a float with members of the Khalsa on either side to protect it and show it respect.
During the time of the Gurus, important people might have been similarly what?

During the time of the Gurus, important people might have been similarly carried through the streets with guards to:
1. Protect them
2. Make sure the way was safe

16

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
1. The Guru Granth Sahib is carried in procession.
Sometimes, it is carried on a float with members of the Khalsa on either side to protect it and show it respect.
During the time of the Gurus, important people might have been similarly carried through the streets with guards to protect them and make sure the way was safe.
In front of the Guru Granth Sahib are 5 Sikhs who represent what?

In front of the Guru Granth Sahib are 5 Sikhs who represent the first 5 members of the Khalsa, the Panj Piare

17

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
2. What perform kirtan?

Local:
1. Bands
Or,
2. Groups of musicians
perform kirtan

18

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
3. Passers-by are offered what?

Passers-by are offered:
1. Food
Or,
2. Refreshments

19

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
4. What may be organised and what given?

1. Local competitions may be organised
2. Prizes given

20

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
5. What may be exchanged?

Cards may be exchanged

21

Before each gurpurab, Sikhs will prepare themselves by reading the Guru Granth Sahib.
Gurpurabs may be celebrated by the Sikh community in different ways.
6. What are held for all those taking part in the celebrations?

Special langars are held for all those taking part in the celebrations

22

Who was the first martyr of the Sikh faith?

Guru Arjan was the first martyr of the Sikh faith

23

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold a what?

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat

24

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the what?

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the continuous reading of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib

25

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the continuous reading of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib.
This helps Sikhs to prepare for the gurpurab.
It begins when?

The akhand paat begins about 48 hours before the gurpurab

26

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the continuous reading of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib.
This helps Sikhs to prepare for the gurpurab.
It begins about 48 hours before the gurpurab, so that it will be what?

The akhand paat begins about 48 hours before the gurpurab, so that it will be completed by dawn on the day of the anniversary

27

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the continuous reading of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib.
This helps Sikhs to prepare for the gurpurab.
It begins about 48 hours before the gurpurab, so that it will be completed by dawn on the day of the anniversary.
During this time, what?

During this time:
1. People will come and go to and from the gurudwara
2. Langar and karah parshad are available throughout

28

Before each gurpurab, gurudwaras will hold an akhand paat, the continuous reading of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib.
This helps Sikhs to prepare for the gurpurab.
It begins about 48 hours before the gurpurab, so that it will be completed by dawn on the day of the anniversary.
During this time, people will come and go to and from the gurudwara and langar and karah parshad are available throughout.
Worship includes doing what?

Worship includes:
1. Singing hymns composed by the Guru whose anniversary is being celebrated
2. Listening to stories, or talks about the life of the Guru

29

''The stories of …
The Guru Granth Sahib 951

''The stories of one's ancestors make the children good children,''
The Guru Granth Sahib 951

30

What is the most important of the gurpurabs?

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs

31

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs.
Celebrations for his birthday will begin how?

Celebrations for Guru Nanak's birthday will begin early in the gurudwara

32

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs.
Celebrations for his birthday will begin early in the gurudwara and in some parts of the UK there will be a what?

Celebrations for Guru Nanak's birthday will begin early in the gurudwara and in some parts of the UK there will be a procession in the streets

33

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs.
Celebrations for his birthday will begin early in the gurudwara and in some parts of the UK there will be a procession in the streets.
What are lit in the gurudwara, as well as where?

Candles are lit in the gurudwara, as well as in:
1. Homes
2. Shops
3. Offices

34

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs.
Celebrations for his birthday will begin early in the gurudwara and in some parts of the UK there will be a procession in the streets.
Candles are lit in the gurudwara, as well as in homes, shops and offices.
What are also organised to celebrate the occasion?

Firework displays are also organised to celebrate the occasion

35

Guru Nanak's birthday is the most important of the gurpurabs.
Celebrations for his birthday will begin early in the gurudwara and in some parts of the UK there will be a procession in the streets.
Candles are lit in the gurudwara, as well as in homes, shops and offices.
Firework displays are also organised to celebrate the occasion.
In Punjab, children what?

In Punjab, children:
1. Are given new clothes
2. Have a holiday from school

36

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of what?

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs

37

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs.
In what year, he did what?

In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur:
1. Appointed his son, Guru Gobind Singh, as his successor
2. Then left with 3 other Sikhs to try to persuade the emperor to stop the persecution

38

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs.
In 1675, he appointed his son, Guru Gobind Singh, as his successor and then left with 3 other Sikhs to try to persuade the emperor to stop the persecution.
They were all what?

Guru Tegh Bahadur and 3 other Sikhs were all:
1. Arrested
2. Imprisoned

39

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs.
In 1675, he appointed his son, Guru Gobind Singh, as his successor and then left with 3 other Sikhs to try to persuade the emperor to stop the persecution.
They were all arrested and imprisoned.
The 3 Sikhs were what?

The 3 Sikhs were executed in front of Guru Tegh Bahadur

40

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs.
In 1675, he appointed his son, Guru Gobind Singh, as his successor and then left with 3 other Sikhs to try to persuade the emperor to stop the persecution.
They were all arrested and imprisoned.
The 3 Sikhs were executed in front of Guru Tegh Bahadur and he, like them, did what?

The 3 Sikhs were executed in front of Guru Tegh Bahadur and he, like them, refused to become a Muslim

41

Guru Tegh Bahadur lived at a time of persecution for Sikhs.
In 1675, he appointed his son, Guru Gobind Singh, as his successor and then left with 3 other Sikhs to try to persuade the emperor to stop the persecution.
They were all arrested and imprisoned.
The 3 Sikhs were executed in front of Guru Tegh Bahadur and he, like them, refused to become a Muslim.
He was what?

Guru Tegh Bahadur:
1. Was invited to perform a miracle to show that he was a man of God, but he refused
2. So was executed

42

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
The dates of these celebrations vary within 28 days, because they what?

The dates of these celebrations vary within 28 days, because they are based on a lunar system

43

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
The dates of these celebrations vary within 28 days, because they are based on a lunar system.
In India, celebrations take place when?

In India, celebrations take place on the actual anniversary date of the original event

44

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
The dates of these celebrations vary within 28 days, because they are based on a lunar system.
In India, celebrations take place on the actual anniversary date of the original event, whereas in Britain, Sikhs sometimes celebrate the gurpurabs when?

In India, celebrations take place on the actual anniversary date of the original event, whereas in Britain, Sikhs sometimes celebrate the gurpurabs on the Sunday nearest the actual date

45

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In India, schools are often closed for some of the gurpurabs, but in Britain, the festival will be held what?

In India, schools are often closed for some of the gurpurabs, but in Britain, the festival will be held at the weekend

46

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In India, the gurpurab will be marked by what?

In India, the gurpurab will be marked by:
1. Colourful processions through towns
2. Firework displays
3. Fairs

47

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In India, the gurpurab will be marked by colourful processions through towns, firework displays and fairs.
In Britain, celebrations are generally what?

In Britain, celebrations are generally:
1. Quieter
2. More local

48

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In India, the gurpurab will be marked by colourful processions through towns, firework displays and fairs.
In Britain, celebrations are generally quieter and more local, often centred on what?

In Britain, celebrations are generally:
1. Quieter
2. More local
,often centred on the gurudwara

49

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In India, the gurpurab will be marked by colourful processions through towns, firework displays and fairs.
In Britain, celebrations are generally quieter and more local, often centred on the gurudwara.
There may, however, be a what?

There may, however, be a:
1. Local procession
Or,
2. Firework display

50

Throughout the world, 4 gurpurabs are widely celebrated by Sikhs.
Other gurpurabs are celebrated only at the sites of the original event.
A 5th gurpurab that is also popular is the installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Harmandir Sahib at Amritsar, which is held in August.
In Britain, Sikhs sometimes send cards to each other, possibly influenced by what?

In Britain, Sikhs sometimes send cards to each other, possibly influenced by the tradition of sending cards at Christian festival times

51

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to do what?

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to:
1. Celebrate the religion's history
2. Remind themselves of the important principles of their faith

52

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen what?

Gurpurabs help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs

53

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to do what?

Gurpurabs help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to:
1. Celebrate
2. Worship

54

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to celebrate and worship.
The akhand paat is a reminder of what?

The akhand paat is a reminder of Sikh priorities

55

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to celebrate and worship.
The akhand paat is a reminder of Sikh priorities, doing what?

The akhand paat is a reminder of Sikh priorities:
1. Calling on God's name
2. Putting him in the centre of life

56

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to celebrate and worship.
The akhand paat is a reminder of Sikh priorities, calling on God's name and putting him in the centre of life.
The gurpurabs enable children to learn about what?

The gurpurabs enable children to learn about:
1. The Gurus and their beliefs
2. Their teaching
3. Their example

57

Gurpurabs provide an opportunity for Sikhs to celebrate the religion's history and to remind themselves of the important principles of their faith.
They help to strengthen the faith of individual Sikhs, as they come together to celebrate and worship.
The akhand paat is a reminder of Sikh priorities, calling on God's name and putting him in the centre of life.
The gurpurabs enable children to learn about the Gurus and their beliefs, their teaching and their example.
Gurpurabs are also an opportunity for Sikhs to do what?

Gurpurabs are also an opportunity for Sikhs to:
1. Share their faith with the wider community
2. Practise sewa

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