2nd Dan Study Deck Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Dan Study Deck Deck (52):
1

Gok kaeng-i Chagi

Pick-shape kick

2

Twimyo Yonsok Chagi

Flying Consecutive Kick

3

Twimyo Honap Chagi

Flying Combination Kick

4

Saju Jirugi

4 direction punch
14 movements
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = +
Fundamental movement

5

Saju Maki

4 direction block
16 movements
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = +
Fundamental movement

6

Taekwon Do founding info

Founding Father: General Choi Hong Hi
Date: April 11, 1955

7

International Taekwon Do Federation (I.T.F.)

Founding Father: General Choi Hong Hi
Formed: March 22, 1966
President: Grand Master Pablo Trajtenberg
Headquarters: Vienna, Austria

8

American Taekwon Do Federation International (A.T.F.I.)

Formed November 24, 2001
President: Master Fabian Nunez
Headquarters: St. Augustine, FL

9

White Belt
10th to 9th Gup

Signifies Innocence as that of a beginning Student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon Do.

10

Sam Bo Matsogi

3-step sparring

11

Nopunde

High section, above the collarbone

12

Kaunde

Middle section, between collarbone and navel

13

Najunde

Low section, below the navel

14

Chon -Ji

Movements = 19
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = +

Chon Ji means literally "The Heaven, the Earth". It is, in the orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts: one to represent the heaven ad the other the earth.

15

Sambo

3-step sparring with a partner

16

Counting in Korean: 1-10

Hana = one
Dool = two
Set = three
Net = four
Dasot = five
Yasot = six
Ilgop = seven
Yodul = eight
Ahop = nine
Yol = Ten

17

The literal translation of Taekwon Do

Tae - jumping, flying to kick or smash with the foot
Kwon - fist, to punch or to destroy with the hand or fist
Do - art or way

18

Taekwon Do

The mental training and techniques of unarmed combat for self-defense as well as health. It involved the skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks and dodges with bare hands and feed for the rapid destruction of a moving opponent or opponents

19

Dan-Gun

Movements = 21
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = Capital Letter I or Roman Numeral I

Dan Gun is named for the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC

20

Classes of Black Belt

1st-3rd Dan = Novice - Boo Sabum Nimge
4th-6th Dan = Expert - Sabum Nimge
7th-8th Dan = Master - Sason Nimge
9th Dan = Grand Master - Sahyun Nimge

21

Yellow Belt
8th to 7th Gup

Signifies the earth from which the plant sprouts and takes root as Taekwon Do foundation is being laid.

22

Do-San

Movements = 24
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = stair step to the right _I

Do San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

23

Ibo

2-step sparring

24

Won-Hyo

Movements = 28
Ready Stance = Closed Ready Stance Type A
Diagram = Capital Letter I or Roman Numeral I

Won-Hyo: was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD

25

Green Belt
6th to 5th Gup

Signifies the plant's growth as the Taekwon Do skill begins to develop.

26

Yul-Gok

Movements = 38
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram =

Yul-Gok: is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584), nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

27

Ilbo

1-step sparring

28

The five parts of the physical composition of Taekwon Do

1. Fundamental Movements
2. Dallyon (equipment maintenance. "Forging")
3. Patterns
4. Self-defense
5. Sparring

29

The five disciplines of Taekwon Do moral culture

1. Travel
2. Cold showers and baths
3. Etiquette
4. Mountain climbing
5. Public service

30

Joong-Gun

Movements = 32
Ready Stance = Closed Ready Stance Type B
Diagram = Capital Letter I or Roman Numeral I

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun, who assassinated Hire-Bumi Ito, the first Governor-General of Korea. Ito was known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung Prison (1910).

31

Self –Control
Guk Gi

An inability to live and work within one's capability or sphere is also a lack of self-control. Stronger is the person who wins over oneself rather than someone else.

32

Perseverance
In Nae

Patience to achieve a higher degree of perfection, one must persevere.
One who is impatient in trivial matters can seldom achieve success in matters of great importance.

33

Indomitable Spirit
Baekjul Boolgool

A student of Taekwon-Do will, at all times, be modest. If confronted with injustice, he will deal with the belligerent without fear or hesitation at all, with an indomitable spirit, regardless of whosoever and however many there may be.

34

Integrity
Yom Chi

One must be able to define right from wrong and have the conscience if wrong to feel guilt. Listed are some examples where integrity is lacking.....
1. Instructor misrepresents himself and his art by presenting improper techniques to his students because of lack of knowledge or apathy.
2. The student who fixes breaking materials before demos.
3. The instructor who camouflages bad techniques with luxurious training halls and false flattery to his students.
4. Students who request rank from an instructor or who attempt to purchase it.
5. The student who gains rank for ego purposes or feeling of power.
6. The instructor who teaches and promotes his art for materialistic gains.
7. The student whose actions don't live up to the words.
8. The student who feels ashamed to seek opinions from his juniors.

35

Courtesy
Ye Ui

1. To promote spirit of mutual concessions
2. To be ashamed of one's vices and those of others
3. To be polite to one another
4. To encourage the sense of justice and humanity
5. To distinguish instructor from student, senior from junior, and elder from younger
6. To behave oneself according to etiquette
7. To respect others' possessions
8. To handle matters with fairness and sincerity
9. To refrain from giving or accepting any gift when in doubt

36

Blue Belt
4th to 3rd Gup

Signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon Do progresses.

37

Toi-Gye

Movements = 37
Ready Stance = Closed Ready Stance Type B
Diagram =

Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude. The diagram for this pattern represents "scholar".

38

Theory of Power

1. Reaction Force
2. Concentration
3. Equilibrium
4. Breath Control
5. Speed
6. Mass

39

The Nine Points to be Observed while Performing Patterns

1. Accuracy: a pattern should begin and end on the same spot
2. Correct posture and facing should be maintained at all times
3. The muscles of the body should be tensed and relaxed at the proper moment
4. A pattern should be performed in rhythmic movements with an absence of stiffness
5. Moves should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions in the encyclopedia
6. Each pattern should be perfected before going to the next
7. Students should know the purpose of each movement
8. Students should perform each move with realism
9. Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among left and right hands and feet

40

Hwa-Rang

Movements = 29
Ready Stance = Closed Ready Stance Type C
Diagram = Capital Letter I or Roman Numeral I

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa_Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements in this pattern refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon Do developed into maturity.

41

Student/Instructor Relationship

1. Never tire of learning. A good student can learn anywhere, anytime. This is the secret of knowledge.
2. A good student must be willing to sacrifice for his art and instructor. Many students feel that their training is a commodity bought with monthly dues and are unwilling to take part in demonstrations, teaching and work around the Do-Jang. An instructor can afford to lose this kind of student.
3. Always set a good example for lower ranking students.
4. Always be loyal and never criticize the instructor, Taekwon-Do, or the teaching methods.
5. In an instructor teaches a technique, practice and attempt to utilize it.
6. Remember that a student's conduct outside the Do-Jang reflects on the art and the instructor.
7. If a student adopts a technique from another Do-Jang and the instructor disapproves of it, the student must discard it immediately or train at the gym where the technique was learned.
8. Never be disrespectful to the instructor, although student is allowed to disagree, the student must follow instructions first and discuss the matter later.
9. A student must always be eager to learn and ask questions.
10. Never betray the instructor.

42

The Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea

1. Koguryo
2. Baek-Je
3. Silla

43

The Five Parts of the Hwa-Rang Warrior Code

1. Be loyal to your king
2. Be obedient to your parents
3. Be honorable to your friends
4. Never retreat in battle
5. Make a just kill

44

Red Belt
2nd to 1st Gup

Red belt signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

45

Choong-Moo

Movements = 30
Ready Stance = Open Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = Capital Letter I or Roman Numeral I

Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present-day submarine. The reason for the pattern ending in a left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death. Checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King, Yi Sun-Son was given no chance in his lifetime to show his unrestrained potentiality.

46

The Eight Parts of "Training Secrets of Taekwon Do"

1. TO STUDY THE THEORY OF POWER
2. TO UNDERSTAND THE PURPOSE AND MEANING OF EACH MOVEMENT CLEARLY
3. TO BRING THE MOVEMENT OF EYES, HANDS, FEET AND BREATH INTO A SINGLE COORDINATED ACTION
4. TO CHOOSE THE APPROPRIATE ATTACKING TOOL FOR EACH VITAL SPOT
5. TO BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE CORRECT ANGLE AND DISTANCE FOR ATTACK AND DEFENSE
6. KEEP BOTH THE ARMS AND LEGS BENT SLIGHTLY WHILE THE MOVEMENT IS IN MOTION
7. ALL MOVEMENTS MUST BEGIN WITH A BACKWARD MOTION WITH VERY FEW EXCEPTIONS
8. TO CREATE A SINE WAVE DURING THE MOVEMENT BY UTILIZING THE KNEE SPRING PROPERLY

47

Black Belt
1st Gup to 1st Dan

Black Belt is opposite of white. Therefore, signifying the student's maturity and proficiency in Taekwon Do. It also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.

48

Kwang-Gae

Movements = 39
Ready Stance = Parallel Stance with Heaven hands
Diagram =

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the previously lost territories including the Greater Part of Manchuria. The diagram for this pattern represents the expansion and recovery of this lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of A.D. 391, the year he came to the throne.

49

Po-Eun

Movements = 36
Ready Stance = Parallel Stance with Heaven Hands
Diagram = ---

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of the loyal subect and famous poet Chong Mong-Chu (1400). His poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneered in the field of physics. The diagram for the pattern represents his unerring loyalty to his kihng and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

50

Gae-Baek

Movements = 44
Ready Stance = Parallel Ready Stance
Diagram = I

Gae-Baek is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Beak-Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram for the pattern represents his strict and severe military discipline.

51

Six Types of Sparring in Taekwon Do

1. Prearranged sparring
2. Free sparring
3. Semi-free sparring
4. Model sparring
5. Prearranged free sparring
6. Foot technique sparring

52

The Nine (9) Guidelines of the Philosophy of Taekwon Do

1. Be willing to go where the going may be tough and do the things that are worth doing even though they are difficult.
2. Be gentle to the weak and tough to the strong.
3. Be content with what you have in money and position but never in skills.
4. Always finish what you begin, be it large or small.
5. Be a willing teacher to anyone regardless of religion, race, or ideology.
6. never yield to repression or threat in a pursuit of a noble cause.
7. Teach attitude and skill with action rather than words.
8. Always be yourself even though your circumstances may change.
9. Be the eternal teacher who teaches with body when young, with words when old, and by moral precept even after death.