2nd year Summer Test home ec Flashcards Preview

2nd Year summer test > 2nd year Summer Test home ec > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2nd year Summer Test home ec Deck (71):
1

What are the functions of food

The functions of food are:
growth
energy
warmth
protection against disease.

2

What are the factors affecting food choice

The factors affecting food choice include:
cost
availability
lifestyle
culture
nutritional value
the senses
religion

3

What is the composition of proteins

Proteins are composed of amino acids
which are made up of the elements:
carbon
oxygen
hydrogen
nitrogen

4

What is the functions of protein

proteins are needed for:
growth
repair
heat
energy

5

What is the classification of protein

Proteins are classified by:
high biological value (HBV) -meat fish eggs milk yoghurt
and
low biological value (LBV) -nuts seeds peas beans

6

What are fats composed of
How are they classified

Fats are made from 3 fatty acid's and glycerol.
fats are classified into
saturated fat -butter milk cheese meat eggs
and
unsaturated fat -olive oil sunflower oil fish oils

7

What is the function of fibre

Fibre helps the movement of food through the body

8

What is hypervitaminosis

Hypervitaminosis is caused by an access of vitamin A or D in the diet

9

What are minerals called when they are needed in small amounts

trace minerals

10

What is The function of calcium

Calcium is necessary to form healthy bones and teeth

11

What is the function of iron

Iron is necessary to form haemoglobin in red blood cells

12

What does energy balance mean

Energy balance means that energy input must be equal to every Output in order to have the correct body weight

13

What is a balanced diet

A balanced diet contains all the nutrients the body needs in correct proportions

14

What are the four food groups

The four food groups are
cereals and potatoes
fruit and veg
milk products
meat

15

What is the RDA of protein

The recommended dietary allowance for Protein for an adult is 1 g of protein every day for every KG you way for example if a person is 60 KG he/she will need 60g of protein a day

16

What are carbohydrates
What is their composition and classification

Carbohydrates are made up of simple sugars eg glucose carbohydrates are divided into three groups sugars starches and fibre

17

What are vitamins

Vitamins are divided into two groups
water-soluble vitamins -C and B group
fat soluble vitamin -A D E and K

18

What is the classification of fruit

The classification of fruit is
citrus fruits
berries and soft fruits
stone fruits
hard fruit
dried fruits
and other

19

Give an example of each of the classifications of fruit

Citrus fruits- lime and lemon
berries and soft fruits- raspberries and blackberries
stone fruits- cherries and plums
hard fruit- apples and pears
dry fruits- prunes and raisins
other fruit- melon and grapes

20

What is the nutritive value of fruits

Protein = very few fruits have protein
Fat =does not contain fat only olives and avocados Carbohydrate = had sugar for energy fibre found in skin
Vitamins = vitamin C found in fruit for skin vit A for eyes
Minerals= dry fruit has calcium for bones and iron for blood
Water = fruit contains up to 95% of water

21

Why does season matter for fruits

Fruits that are in season are the best quality are plentiful and cheap when not in season very expensive it is the same for veg

22

Name five uses of fruit in the diet

Drinks juices and smoothies
breakfast fresh or cooked .
scones and muffins for baking
fresh fruit ,
flans or fruit salads for cold desserts
tarts crumbles and stewed for hot desserts

23

How to prepare fruit

Wash in cold water to remove chemicals
avoid peeling to keep Fibre .
For citrus fruit wash and scrub to remove chemicals peel thickly to remove pith and then slice
for berry fruit remove damage fruit wash gently
for stone fruit peel if necessary remove stones
for hard fruits peel if necessary remove core

24

What are the affects of processing fruit

It becomes soft
vitamin C is reduced
microorganisms are destroyed when soft
becomes more digestible vitamin C and minerals are dissolved when cooking where canning

25

What are the classifications of vegetables

Greens roots pulses and fruits

26

Gives an example of each of the classification of veg

Greens equals broccoli and cabbage roots equals carrot and potato pulses peas and beans fruits tomato and pumpkin

27

What is the nutritive value of vegetable

Protein LBV found in pulses good for vegan protein helps growth fat there is none only in pulses but only a little sugar found in root veg starch in pulses + roots starch + sugar =energy fibre in all veg especially in skin helps constipation water is in all veg from 75 to 95% of it calcium is in green veg root and pulses good for bones iron is also in green and root veg good for blood vitamin C is good for skin found in fresh veg vitamin A is good for eyes found in greens and root veg vitamin B found in pulses

28

What are the uses of veg in the diet

Include in breakfast dishes lunch and a main meal juices sand witches and pasta dishes

29

Buying fruits and veg

Choose fresh brightly coloured fruit and veg avoid bruised fruit and veg look for medium size because large lack flavour buy when in season because they are much cheaper

30

Organic produce

Organically grown fruit and veg are grown with out the use of artificial fertilisers or chemicals food produced organically tends to be more expensive

31

EU regulations and grading

Clean sound and free from chemicals .graded with products of similar size .marked clearly with country of origin variety and class

32

What are the classes

Class extra best quality class 1 good quality class 2 marketable quality but may have some defects class 3 marketable but not inferior

33

What is a consumer

A consumer is anyone who buys goods or uses services

34

What are goods

Good are things such as food clothes and cars

35

What is a service

A service is work done for payment for example hairdressing or public transport

36

What are needs

Needs are what we must have to survive for example food and shelter

37

What are wants

Wants are the extras that may make life more pleasant were comfortable

38

What are rights

Right is something you are intitled to

39

What our responsibilities

Responsibilities is something that you must do and for which you are answerable

40

Name five consumer rights

The right to choice
The right to Quality and value for money
The right for information
The right for safety
The right to redress

41

Name five consumer responsibilities

To be informed
Examine goods and services
Read the labels
Complain
Be environmentally aware

42

Consumer protection is necessary to

Protect consumers rights
Give a means of redress
Guard against exploitation

43

What is the sale of goods and supply of services act 1980

All Goods should
Be of merchantable quality
Be fit for their purpose
Be as described
Correspond with samples

44

Who should services provided by

Services should be provided by a skilled person with proper care and diligence and using sound materials

45

What is a guarantee

A guarantee is a promise by the Manufacture that he/she will make good any faults in an item for a Specific period of time after purchase

46

What is the consumer act of 1978

The act protects customers against faults or misleading claims about goods services or prices it is offence

47

Sources of consumer information

1) The director of consumer affairs
2) consumer Association of Ireland
3) The ombudsman
4) consumer program on TV and radio
5) advertising
6) manufacturers leaflet and brochures

48

How to complain

Complain as soon as possible
only complain to the seller or manager
make your case clear persist and do not be fooled off
let the seller know that you are aware of your rights
avoid losing your temper
indicate how you wish to be compensated.
never play down with complaint

49

Methods of advertising

TV and radio
newspaper and magazines
cinema DVD video
Packets
bus trams bus shelters

50

What are the functions of advertising

To introduce new products
to provide information on a product
to promote brand names
to increase sales

51

Advantages of advertising

Provide information
provides employment
increases sales
keeps down the coast of newspapers and magazines

52

Disadvantages of advertising

Increases prices for some goods
billboards may spoil the landscape
makes exaggerated claims
Encourages materialism

53

What is marketing

Marketing is the business of selling goods

54

Tools of marketing

Are advertising
sales promotions
public-relations
attractive packaging
and presentation

55

What is market research

It involves the use of surveys to find out the publics likes and dislikes

56

How is advertising controlled

Legal control and voluntary control

57

What is quality

Quality is a term used to indicate that the products or services are of high standard

58

What is a budget

Are budget is the plan for spending

59

Steps in planning a budget

1) work out your weekly or monthly income in one column

2)make a list of your weekly or monthly expenses and savings in the second column

3) add the total in each column on balance the budget

4) if your expenditure is greater than your income you are overspending and need to make changes

5) if your income is greater than your expenditure extra savings may be made

60

What are the Advantages of budgeting

1) security is provided and there will be fewer financial worries

2) maximum use is made of your income

3) overspending is highlighted

4) good example set for your children

5) allowance is made for large bills and seasonal spending

61

Places where they can help u save

Credit union
Post Office
building societies all
provide options for saving money

62

What does buying credit mean

credit buying means buy now pay later

63

Advantages of credit buying

1) The consumer has the use of the item before it is fully paid for

2) some large items for example houses or cars could not be bought without credit

64

Disadvantages of buying credit

1) coursed more as interest is charged

2) May lead to serious debt

65

What does gross income mean

Gross income is the total amount earns before deductions.

66

Income tax what is it

PAYE (pay as you earn) this is taken automatically by your employer from gross income. Tax is used to pay for state services

67

What is pay related social insurance

PRSI this pays for benefits if you become unemployed or unable to work due to illness or injury

68

Voluntary deductions what does this mean

Voluntarily deductions are optional this involves Health insurance example VHI and Aviva

69

What is net income

Net income is take home pay after deductions have been made

70

What is tax credit

This is the income that is not taxed by the government each week the gross tax is calculated and then the tax credits are deducted from the gross tax to give the net tax which must be paid

71

What expenses would a working person likely have

Rent or mortgage
Food
Travel
Fuel and electricity
Entertainment
Clothes