3 Flashcards Preview

The Bit 250 Words > 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3 Deck (25):
1

[U] the act of coding data in a format that takes up less space and is faster to transmit

compression n.

2

using computer systems as aids for special purposes

computer-aided a.

3

a branch of forensic science pertaining to legal evidence found in computers and digital storage media

computer (also cyber) forensics n.

4

to store in, to equip with or to control by means of computers

computerize v.

5

being able to use a computer well

computer-literate a.

6

[C] the way a computer or network is set up to meet the user’s requirements, or the set-up of the hard-/software components

configuration n.

7

to set up a program or computer system for a particular use

configure v.

8

(~ to) to link up a computer with the Internet or a computer network

connect v.

9

[U] a program or device's ability to link with other programs and devices

connectivity n.

10

[U] merging two or more disparate technologies by incorporating, for example, digicams and Web browsers into PDAs

convergence n.

11

to damage a computer file in such a way that the information in it is no longer correct

corrupt v.

12

to break into a computer system or to copy software illegally by breaking copy-protection and registration techniques

crack v.

13

[C] a program that collects and indexes Web pages and the references linked to them

crawler (also spider) n.

14

[C] a small mark that can be moved around a computer screen to show exactly where you are working

cursor n.

15

to adapt a program or application to suit the needs of the owner

customize v.

16

related to the new things that have been made possible by computer systems or the Internet

cyber prefix

17

[U] the process of extracting hidden patterns from a group of data that can be used to predict future behaviour

data mining n.

18

[C] the speed at which data can be transmitted from one device to another

data transfer rate (DTR) n.

19

the combination of many different data-bases which come from different parts of a business and which are stored together

data warehousing n.

20

to find and remove the errors in a computer program

debug v.

21

to change a compressed file back to its original size

decompress (also expand) v

22

to change encrypted data back to its original form

decrypt v.

23

- [U] an instruction assumed by a program if the user gives no other instructions
- (of a program) to assume an instruction if the user gives no other instructions

default n, v.

24

to put all the parts of a file together in one location, which reduces the time the computer needs to load it into memory

defragment v.

25

[C] a computer screen which represents an office desktop and shows the icons of the programs ready for use

desktop