#3: Professional & Family Caregivers PPT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #3: Professional & Family Caregivers PPT Deck (26):
1

Self efficacy

An individual’s beliefs about his or her ability to successfully manage a particular situation to accomplish a goal

2

Self efficacy impacts the individuals...
1.indiv
2.amount
3.whether
4.Vulne...

-individual pursuits
-Amount of effort used to overcome obstacles
-Whether or not, as well as which coping behaviors will be initiated
-Vulnerability to emotional distress and anxiety

3

Factors contributing to burnout: how many

Individual and Situational

4

Situational Factors contributing to burnout:

complex resident care requirements;
co-worker, resident family conflicts,
workload.

5

Individual Factors contributing to burnout:
AGE PCS

age;
gender;
experience;
personality traits (Optimism, Neuroticism);
Coping Styles,
Self-Efficacy

6

Definition of “Caregiver”

Anyone who provides assistance to
someone else who is in some degree
incapacitated and needs help

7

Caregiver Identity Theory states interventions to reduce care giver stress should should aim to

reduce the discrepancy between their care activities and their sense of self.

8

CIT strategies

(1)change their behaviors to bring them in line with their identity standards (personal expectations or rules that individuals use to define “appropriate behavior” for themselves)
(2) enhance their self-appraisal,
(3) change their identity standards

9

Formal support services: RESC

Respite, Education, Support Groups, Counselling

10

Barriers to Formal Support Services...

Linked to...

-Lack of awareness of availability
-Lack of perception of need

-Linked to attitudes and beliefs about familial responsibility

ie: if I am Chinese and think my mother should be cared for by me I am not going to take her to a day program

11

What determines the amount of care provided from a family care giver

closeness of family relationship
ie: spouses offer than children, children offer more than cousins etc

12

Negative Consequences of Caregiving:
1.Infringement on
2.________ care recipient
3.
4._____ Health and ____ Outcomes

1.Infringement on Time and Activities
2.Relationship with Care Recipient
3.Physical Health
4.Mental Health and Psychological Outcomes

13

positive consequences of care giving:
CG's may feel _______ by:

-sense of
-personal _____,
-____________
friendship and company

CG's may feel EMPOWERED by:
sense of mastery,
personal growth,
INCREASED family responsibility,
friendship and company

14

Factors that impact the Caregiving experience
1.__________of the Care Recipient
2.__________
3._____&_______Relationships
4.______________

FEGS

1.Functional Level of the Care Recipient
2.Ethnicity
3..Gender and Familial Relationships
4..Social Support

15

Underlying premise of CIT

caregiving is a dynamic process of change involving changes in:
care activities,
relationship between the caregiver and recipient,
and the caregiver’s identity.

16

According to CIT the caregivers role

emerges out of a existing role i.e.: spouse to caregiver, child to CG

17

According to CIT as the needs of the care recipient increase over time, the initial familial relationship gives way to a relationship characterized by caregiving, leading to

changes in the caregiver’s identity

18

Why does the caregivers identity begin to change?

care tasks that are required to maintain the health of the patient become inconsistent with the expectations associated with the caregiver’s old role (spouse)
ie: changing the spouses diaper or feeding them

19

How many phases of caregiving are there? What does the last level look like and why?

5- caregiver is returning to initial familial role (spouse) as caregiving is left to professional caregivers in institution.

20

CIT says interventions to reduce caregiver stress should aim to...

reduce the discrepancy between their care activities and their sense of self.

21

Staff Burn out has significant negative impacts on 3 areas:
staff-
patient-
employers-

staff-physical and emotional well-being
patient-quality of care
employers-absenteeism, turnover

22

While interventions cannot change individual predictors of burnout like sex, age and gender, they can target...

self efficacy

23

T/F Individuals with high levels of self-efficacy may perceive the caregiving situation as more controllable and therefore less stressful.

T

24

PCA's self efficacy was highest in rural or urban areas?
Burn out?

self efficacy? Rural
Burn out? Urban

25

Trait level of optimism was highest for...

RN's

26

Self efficacy was highest for

RN's