Flashcards in 3. Republican And Third Parties Deck (48):
Began as a series of anti-slavery meetings throughout the Midwest in 1854
Whig party was collapsing and many Whigs and northern democrats opposed extension of slavery
Republican Party's first presidential candidate?
John C. Fremont
First Republican president?
Abraham Lincoln in 1860
Saw U.S through Civil War
Republican Party won 14 of 18 presidential elections
Abraham Lincoln's policies appealed to?
Farmers, industrialists, and merchants
In a national election, a candidate won the vote in a particular state
A person who does not hold an office but who is trying to unseat an incumbent
To yield or surrender, to admit or acknowledge
An uneasiness due to the lack of stability in the financial market
A person who currently holds an office
Losing by a large margin in an election
Having the larger number in a house of Congress, assuring strong voting power
A public shame or disgrace brought about by illegal or unethical actions
Stock market crash of 1929
Financial panic where the market lost so much power that many people lost their fortunes in days
A party formed mainly to fight the Democratic Party and Andrew Jackson, formed in the 1830s
Served as Republican president from 1901-1909
William Howard Taft
Served as Republican president for next four years after Theodore Roosevelt
By 1912, the Republican Party was divided between?
Taft and Roosevelt
At the Republican party's national convention of 1912?
The conservative Republicans re-nominated Taft
Roosevelt and supporters then withdrew from Republican party and helped form the National Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party)
Roosevelt's withdrawal from the Republican Party and formation of Bull Moose Party helped?
Democrat Woodrow Wilson win the election
During WWII (1939-1945)?
Republicans began to show signs of recovery
In 1946, the Republican Party?
Own majorities in both Houses for the first time since 1928
In 1952, _____ brought the Republicans their first presidential victory in ____ years
Dwight D. Eisenhower, 24
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Popular war hero
Won presidency again in 1956
Had majority in both Houses for only first 2 years of 8
____ lost a close race to the _____ in 1960 when ____ was elected
Republicans, democrats, JFK
In 1964, the republicans suffered a landslide defeat to?
Lyndon B. Johnson
Republicans regained presidency in 1968 under?
Richard M. Nixon and held it in 1972, but democrats continued to control congress
In 1976 election?
Democrat Jimmy Carter won but lost to Republican Ronald Reagan in 1980
George H.W. Bush
Reagan's Vice President
Won election as Republican president after Reagan
Republicans kept control of the presidency until the 1992 elections when?
Bill Clinton won two successive terms
First, over incumbent George H.W. Bush Second over challenger Bob Dole
George W. Bush won narrow victory over Democratic Vice President Al Gore
Most Of the challenges from 2000 election came from?
Legal battles lasted to December 13, 5 weeks after election
Gore conceded after Supreme Court halted re-count of certain votes in select Florida counties
No third parties in the U.S. has ever?
Won the presidency
Many of their proposals have been adopted by the two major parties
Some third party proposals?
Convention system of nominating Presidential candidates, the direct election of U.S. Senators, and the levying of a Federal income
First type of third-party?
Groups that broke away from the two major parties
Roosevelt Progressives of 1912
Broke away from Republican Party because of dispute over selection of Taft as choice of party
Groups that split from Democratic Party?
The Gold Democrats in 1896
The Dixiecrats in 1948
Second type of third-Party
Formed to help a specific group of people
Examples of second third parties
Greenback Party (1870s) - debt ridden farmers
Populist Party (1890s)
Third type of third-party
Left wing protest groups
Dominance of common man-working class laborer- is chief goal of these parties
Examples of third-types of third parties
Socialist labor party (1977)
American Communist Party (1919)
Socialist party (1901)
Socialist Worker's Party (1938)
Communist Party U.S.A.
Democratic Socialists of America
Fourth type of third party
Have one goal they are working towards
Prohibition party (1869)
Example of a fourth third party
Oldest existing third party
Seeks to prevent manufacturing and sale of alcohol
Fifth type of third party
Groups that have broad programs and attempt to gain national favor
Examples of fifth type of third parties
Progressive parties of 1924, 1948, and 1954
American Independent Party (1968)
United We Stand (Reform Party)-Ross Perot
Constitution Party (U.S. Taxpayers' Party)
Formed by Texas billionaire Ross Perot
Originally called United We Stand
Goals of free trade and financial power
Constitution Party is based off of?
Principles of government laid down by founding fathers