3. Republican And Third Parties Flashcards Preview

Government And Economics: Unit 3 > 3. Republican And Third Parties > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3. Republican And Third Parties Deck (48):
1

Republican Party

Began as a series of anti-slavery meetings throughout the Midwest in 1854
Whig party was collapsing and many Whigs and northern democrats opposed extension of slavery

2

Republican Party's first presidential candidate?

John C. Fremont

3

First Republican president?

Abraham Lincoln in 1860
Saw U.S through Civil War

4

From 1860-1928

Republican Party won 14 of 18 presidential elections

5

Abraham Lincoln's policies appealed to?

Farmers, industrialists, and merchants

6

Carried

In a national election, a candidate won the vote in a particular state

7

Challenger

A person who does not hold an office but who is trying to unseat an incumbent

8

Concede

To yield or surrender, to admit or acknowledge

9

Economic unrest

An uneasiness due to the lack of stability in the financial market

10

Incumbent

A person who currently holds an office

11

Landslide defeat

Losing by a large margin in an election

12

Majority

Having the larger number in a house of Congress, assuring strong voting power

13

Scandal

A public shame or disgrace brought about by illegal or unethical actions

14

Stock market crash of 1929

Financial panic where the market lost so much power that many people lost their fortunes in days

15

Whig party

A party formed mainly to fight the Democratic Party and Andrew Jackson, formed in the 1830s

16

Theodore Roosevelt

Served as Republican president from 1901-1909

17

William Howard Taft

Served as Republican president for next four years after Theodore Roosevelt

18

By 1912, the Republican Party was divided between?

Taft and Roosevelt

19

At the Republican party's national convention of 1912?

The conservative Republicans re-nominated Taft
Roosevelt and supporters then withdrew from Republican party and helped form the National Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party)

20

Roosevelt's withdrawal from the Republican Party and formation of Bull Moose Party helped?

Democrat Woodrow Wilson win the election

21

During WWII (1939-1945)?

Republicans began to show signs of recovery

22

In 1946, the Republican Party?

Own majorities in both Houses for the first time since 1928

23

In 1952, _____ brought the Republicans their first presidential victory in ____ years

Dwight D. Eisenhower, 24

24

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Popular war hero
Won presidency again in 1956
Had majority in both Houses for only first 2 years of 8

25

____ lost a close race to the _____ in 1960 when ____ was elected

Republicans, democrats, JFK

26

In 1964, the republicans suffered a landslide defeat to?

Lyndon B. Johnson

27

Republicans regained presidency in 1968 under?

Richard M. Nixon and held it in 1972, but democrats continued to control congress

28

In 1976 election?

Democrat Jimmy Carter won but lost to Republican Ronald Reagan in 1980

29

George H.W. Bush

Reagan's Vice President
Won election as Republican president after Reagan

30

Republicans kept control of the presidency until the 1992 elections when?

Bill Clinton won two successive terms
First, over incumbent George H.W. Bush Second over challenger Bob Dole

31

2000 election

George W. Bush won narrow victory over Democratic Vice President Al Gore

32

Most Of the challenges from 2000 election came from?

Florida
Legal battles lasted to December 13, 5 weeks after election
Gore conceded after Supreme Court halted re-count of certain votes in select Florida counties

33

No third parties in the U.S. has ever?

Won the presidency
Many of their proposals have been adopted by the two major parties

34

Some third party proposals?

Convention system of nominating Presidential candidates, the direct election of U.S. Senators, and the levying of a Federal income

35

First type of third-party?

Groups that broke away from the two major parties

36

Roosevelt Progressives of 1912

Broke away from Republican Party because of dispute over selection of Taft as choice of party

37

Groups that split from Democratic Party?

The Gold Democrats in 1896
The Dixiecrats in 1948

38

Second type of third-Party

Formed to help a specific group of people

39

Examples of second third parties

Greenback Party (1870s) - debt ridden farmers
Populist Party (1890s)

40

Third type of third-party

Left wing protest groups
Dominance of common man-working class laborer- is chief goal of these parties

41

Examples of third-types of third parties

Socialist labor party (1977)
American Communist Party (1919)
Socialist party (1901)
Socialist Worker's Party (1938)
Communist Party U.S.A.
Democratic Socialists of America

42

Fourth type of third party

Have one goal they are working towards

43

Prohibition party (1869)

Example of a fourth third party
Oldest existing third party
Seeks to prevent manufacturing and sale of alcohol

44

Fifth type of third party

Groups that have broad programs and attempt to gain national favor

45

Examples of fifth type of third parties

Progressive parties of 1924, 1948, and 1954
American Independent Party (1968)
United We Stand (Reform Party)-Ross Perot
Constitution Party (U.S. Taxpayers' Party)

46

Reform Party

Formed by Texas billionaire Ross Perot
Originally called United We Stand
Goals of free trade and financial power

47

Constitution Party is based off of?

Principles of government laid down by founding fathers

48

Parties that have consistently active in recent elections?

Green Party-ecological wisdom, social justice, grassroots democracy, and non-violence

Libertarian Partyselfownership

Natural Law Party-bring national life into harmony with natural law

The New Party-return of the power to the people; Democratic revolution