How did Hippocrates utilize mud packs to measure thermography?
Watched where it dried first
Where did the Chiropractic desire to utilize thermography come from?
The desire to find, quantify and verify the correct of VSC
What year was the neurocalometer developed?
Who developed the first neurocalometer?
What does the neurocalometer use to measure temperature?
What are the 2 major types of thermography?
1.) Liquid crystals
How do liquid crystals measure thermography?
LCT is based on the ability of thermallly sensitive cholesteric crystals to change color in response to the body's emission of infrared (heat) waves
What are 5 ways to measure infrared thermography?
3.) Insight 7000
What are 6 advantages to thermography?
2.) Non-ioning radiation
5.) Somewhat portable
What are 5 disadvantages of thermography?
2.) Strict protocol
3.) Interpretation requires a high level of training & expertise
4.) Relatively time consuming
5.) Usually needs a special room
What are the 3 physiological postulates of thermography?
1.) Body is divided into dermatomes (& thermatomes)
2.) Side to side is generally symmetrical unless dysfunction exists
3.) Any anomalous deviation from a gradually increasing paraspinal skin temperature from S2-C1 may suggest VSC or remote dysfunction
Theromgraphy is a picture of _____, while X-ray is a picture of _____.
What produces reflex vasoconstriction, through the ANS, of the arterioles of the skin
Sensory nerve irritation
What are 4 indications of thermography?
1.) Outcome assessment toold for initial assessment & to monitor progress/response
2.) Equivocal clinical findings
3.) Need for medico-legal evidence
4.) Unsatisfactory response to care
What determines if a referral is needed?
A change in technique of patient has reach MMI
What are the 9 applications of thermography?
1.) Determine & evaluate the existence & extent of VSC (when & when not to adjust)
2.) Differential diagnosis
3.) Diagnose sensory/autonomic nerve dysfunction
4.) Diagnose sensory nerve irritation
5.) Evaluation for changes of procedure
6.) Monitoring &/or evaluating the treatment effectiveness/measure progress
7.) Evaluation of traumatic injuries
8.) Objective evidence for permanency evaluation
9.) Differential diagnosis for referral, especially vascular problems in extremities vascular insufficiency
What are the 4 key areas for the proper exam when testing thermography?
1.) Exam room temperature & environment
2.) Patient preparation
3.) Proper detector or machine set-up
4.) Recording of images
Evaluation of thermography is based on _____.
Gross heat patterns
Heat should emanate _____ _____.
What change in temperature is considered abnormal?
Thermography can tell you where to adjust.
Spine abnormalities are usually _____.
Extremity abnormalities are usually _____.
Acute joint injuries are usually _____.
Chronic joint injuries are usually _____.