31-70 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 31-70 Deck (41):
1

Functions of family units

1). Economic cooperation
2). Recognized rights and obligations
3). Control reproduction
4). Social approved sexual relationship
5). Child rearing
6). Common residence

2

Nuclear family

2 adult partners, w unmarried children

3

How are families formed

1. Marriage
2. Civil union
3. Adoption
4. Single parenthood

4

Marriage

Recognized Union of 2+ people, defined by customs, roles, obligation

5

Fictive kin

Ritually or socially defined kinship

6

Functions of marriage

Brings together 2+ MP

Defines legal rights, social obligations, MP 2+

7

Benefits to marriage

1. Change of social status
2. Controls sexual access
3. Defines obligation to children of the parents
4. Creates a kinship network for the children

8

Bride service

Groom works for brides family

9

Brideswealth payment

Payments from groom family to brides family

Shows economically readiness

10

Dowry

Goes from brideswealth to either the bride ur the grooms family it circulates

11

Descent and residence rules

Maternal/paternal

12

Matrilineal

Mothers line

13

Patrilineal

Fathers line, responsible for education

14

Matrilocal residence

Move into wife's family

Navajo, extended family

15

Patrilocal residence

Move into husbands family

16

Neolocal residence

Move into own residence

17

Endogamy

Have to marry someone w/in group

Ex. Amish (end) ogamy

18

Exogamy

Have to marry someone outside group ex. Tree spirit (ex)

19

Gay family

Civil union limited benefits ; obergefell

20

Ideology

Beliefs, lots of variation, affect what we do, I/f enculturated

21

Stories

How religion is explained through sacred narratives

22

Religion

Beliefs and behaviors related to supernatural beings, cultural universal

23

Characteristics of religion

Sacred narrative (Indonesian puppet story)

24

Animism

All things have souls

25

Polytheism

Many gods

26

Monotheism

One God

27

Ritual

Religious or secular, highly structured, certain times and places

28

Rite of passage

Life cycle rituals, Navajo baby laugh

Birth rituals, belly blessing; Bali baby god

29

Iniation rite

Enculturation, get separated + trained, then they participate

30

Fattening room

Where bride goes, gets advice, gets fed

31

How do cultures define beauty

Different

32

Symbolic meaning of fit

Sign of fertility, symbol of wealth and access

33

Magic

Related to luck and what not

34

Trioband

Inner lagoon, no magic / deep sea magic is used

35

Taboo

Things you don't do, don't repeat

36

Fetishes

Material object believed to embody supernatural power used to aid the owner

37

Baseball magic

Routine/ritual/Taboo

38

Voodoo

- religion, embodies code of ethics, regulates social behavior, African + Christian values

39

Social control

Getting people to do what you want when you want

40

Zombies

Haiti social control

41

Living dead

Village pariah become socially dead, then work in fields