3.1.4 Media & Addiction Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.1.4 Media & Addiction > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.1.4 Media & Addiction Deck (25):
1

How does bandura's SLT apply to the media and celebrities?

See them engaging in addictive behaviour and being rewarded or view them as a model you are likely to imitate their behaviour

2

Lyons et al found alcohol use was seen in what percent of popular uk film?

86%

3

Glantz et al said the no. of smokers has decreased and awareness has increased but what has happened to the amount of smoking in film?

Remained constant since the 50s

4

Hazar said on top grossing films stars smoke how much more than the norm?

Three times more

5

What sort of addictive behaviours are common in tv?

Smoking
Drinking

6

What did cumberbatch conduct?

Content analysis of 256 episodes of top 10 to shows watched by 10-15 yr olds

7

Cumberbatch - what percent of programmes contained reference to alcohol, smoking or drugs?

96%

8

Cumberbatch- alcohol was portrayed in what percent of programmes?

93%

9

Cumberbatch- Smoking was portrayed in what percent of programmes?

62%

10

Cumberbatch- drug use was portrayed in what percent of programmes?

21%

11

The no. Of drug references in rap music has increased by what? (Herd)

58% in 18 years

12

Primack et al carried out a content analysis on how many songs?

279 from 5 genres

13

Primack - on average how many songs referenced substance abuse?

1 in 3

14

Primack - which genre referenced substance abuse least?

Pop - 9%

15

Primack- which genre referenced substance abuse most?

Rap - 77%

16

Addictive behaviours are seen frequently in media and are often presented in what light?

Positive

17

Positive portrayal of addiction in the media can provide what?

Vicarious reinforcement

18

Gunasekera reviewed 87 most popular films from the last 20 years finding what?

Alcohol and smoking frequently shown without negative consequences

19

Sulkenen analysed 140 scenes from 47 films finding what? Give an example

Addictive behaviour presented in positive light
E.g human traffic film - drug use shown as enjoyable and way of solving relationship issues

20

Wellman reviewed studies looking at how cigarette advertising and use in films affected what?

Children's attitudes toward smoking and their smoking habits

21

Wellman - what effect did exposure to marketing and media promoting smoking have on children?

Increased positive attitudes
Doubles chances of starting to smoke

22

Derevensky found teens who already gambled were more likely to be influenced by what?

Adverts portraying gambling as glamorous, social and easy to win

23

Waylen found teens who saw the most films depicting smoking were what percent more likely to have tried smoking?

73%

24

Waylen found teens who saw the most films depicting smoking were what percent more likely to be a current smoker?

50%

25

Waylen - even when Evs like personality were controlled, teens seeing more films with smoking were what percent more likely to have tried it?

32%

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