3.1.4 Media & Addiction evaluation Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.1.4 Media & Addiction evaluation > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.1.4 Media & Addiction evaluation Deck (22):
1

majority of research on media and addiction is what?

correlational

2

what is a weakness of a lot of research on media and addiction being correlational?

we can't establish a cause and effect relationship

3

Pechmann & Shih used a lab experiment to assess what?

the effect of smoking portrayal in film on attitudes towards smoking

4

what experimental design did Pechmann and Shih use in investigating smoking portrayal and attitudes?

independent measures on 2 groups

5

(Pechmann & Shih) what did the control group watch?

a film with its smoking scenes cut

6

(Pechmann & Shih) what did the experimental group watch?

an uncut version of the film, with smoking scenes

7

(Pechmann & Shih) found the experimental group what sort of attitude toward smoking in comparison to controls?

more positive attitude

8

Pechmann & Shih's research provides evidence for what?

SLT, media and addiction

9

what does Pechmann & Shih's research not show?

media influences people to engage in addictive behaviour
it only shows people's attitudes change

10

research into the role of media and addiction lacks population validity, what does this mean and why?

the sample is unrepresentative of the entire population
much research focuses on teens/ students

11

Jamieson & Romer looked at trends in tobacco use on TV and smoking rates in the US population, who did their research include?

adults

12

Jamieson & Romer found a what?

clear correlation between tobacco use on TV & adult cigarette consumption

13

Jamieson & Romer controlled factors such as what?

cigarette price

14

Jamieson & Romer suggested tobacco use on Tv may trigger what?

relapse
by providing a cue to start smoking

15

when asking teenagers about the media what do they say they are not?

passive respondents who have no choice in their desicions

16

Atkinson et al interviewed adolescents who were keep to point out images of celebrities drinking was not what?

a major influence on their own behaviour

17

Atkinson et al found adolescents were more likely to say who played more of a role in their drinking behaviour?

their peers

18

adolescents may be unaware of what?

the extent of the effect the media can have on their behaviour

19

the media can have positive effects and may contribute to what?

the reduction of addictive behaviours

20

giving all films containing smoking a 15 certificate is estimated to decrease the number of teen smokers by what?

18%

21

many aspects of the media report the negative aspects of addictive behaviour such as what?

deaths e.g. Amy Winehouse

22

Boyd pointed out negative consequences of addiction shown in film, this may act as what sort of punishment?

vicarious punishment discouraging people from engaging in these behaviours

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