3.2.3 Cognitive Explanations Of Schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2.3 Cognitive Explanations Of Schizophrenia Deck (42):
1

(Hallucinations) what percent of people have experienced hallucinations? (Clarborn)

2.5-4%

2

(Hallucinations) most people experiencing hallucinations are not what?

Diagnosed with schizophrenia

3

(Hallucinations) what can cause people to hear voices in maladaptive ways? (Morrison)

Triggers e.g. Sleep deprivation

4

(Hallucinations) what happens to the voices that are heard?

They are processes inappropriately

5

(Hallucinations) give an example of voices being processed inappropriately:

Thinking they belong to the devil

6

(Hallucinations) this inappropriate processing can lead to what?

Social withdrawal and self harm

7

(Hallucinations)this is a vicious circle involving what?

Hallucinations
Inappropriate processing
Social withdrawl
Sadness and shame
Reinforces the voices messages

8

(Negative symptoms) what does the cognitive approach have difficulty explaining?

Negative symptoms
E.g. Alogia, flatness of effect, avolition

9

(Negative symptoms) beck drew a theory from what?

Cognitive triad

10

(Negative symptoms) Beck - what is the cognitive triad most commonly used to explain?

Depression

11

(Negative symptoms) in the cognitive triad there are negative views about what 3 things?

The world
The future
Oneself

12

(Negative symptoms) give an example about a negative view of the future:

I will never be good at anything

13

(Negative symptoms) give an example of a negative view of oneself:

I am worthless

14

(Negative symptoms) give an example of negative views about the world:

Everyone is against me

15

(Negative symptoms) Beck proposed individuals with schizophrenia endorsed what?

Dysfunctional beliefs about their performance and ability to experience pleasure

16

(Negative symptoms) Beck - schizophrenic individuals also hold what view of the future?

Cynical and gloomy view

17

(Negative symptoms) Beck - a schizophrenics mental filters only allow in what?

Negative messages

18

(Negative symptoms) Beck - negative messages along with inappropriate processing does what?

Supports their pessimistic view resulting in symptoms

19

(Lack of preconscious filters) Frith proposed positive symptoms can be explained by what?

Difficulties in inhibiting preconscious content

20

(Lack of preconscious filters) Frith - normally our senses receive a lot of info from where?

Our environment

21

(Lack of preconscious filters) when we become aware of the info what do we do?

Interpret it in our preconscious

22

(Lack of preconscious filters) Frith - the best fit of the incoming info does what?

Gets propelled into our conscious allowing us to make sense of the info

23

(Lack of preconscious filters) what are the attentional filters?

Those inhibiting most of the info making it out of our preconscious

24

(Lack of preconscious filters) Frith - in some people these attentional filters are what?

Defective

25

(Lack of preconscious filters) individuals with schizophrenia receive so much what?

Info and ways to interpret it that they find it difficult to carry out action

26

(Lack of preconscious filters) with delusions a defective preconscious filter leads to what?

Misinterpreting of sound hearing it as voices

27

(Compromised theory of mind) those with schizophrenia have difficulty understanding what?

Others thoughts and intentions

28

(Compromised theory of mind) difficulty in understanding influences their what?

Language use and speech interpretation

29

(Compromised theory of mind) e.g. Delusions of alien control involves inability to self what?

Self monitor and recognise the voice in your head

30

(Compromised theory of mind) E.g. Delusions of persecution involve inability to do what? Give an example:

Interpret others thought and action
E.g. Someone makes eye contact they are convinced they are following them

31

(Compromised theory of mind) a schizophrenic person holds mundane events as what?

Personally meaningful and significant

32

(Compromised theory of mind) Frith theory of mind might account for what types of disorders?

Disorders of willed action
Disorders of self monitoring
Disorders of monitoring others thoughts

33

(Compromised theory of mind) what are disorders of willed action?

Difficulty understanding own thought and behaviour (disorganised thinking)

34

(Compromised theory of mind) what are disorders of self monitoring?

Alien control hallucinations

35

(Compromised theory of mind) what are disorders of monitoring others thoughts?

Persecution delusions

36

(Schemas) hemsley suggested in people with schizophrenia their is a breakdown between what info?

Info already held in our memories - schemas and new sensory information

37

(Schemas) e.g at a meal at a restaurant we know what from our past experiences?

What to expect

38

(Schemas) processing normally takes place quickly without what?

Conscious awareness

39

(Schemas) Hemsley said in schizophrenia what are not activated?

Our schemas

40

(Schemas) as schemas aren't activated people experience sensory overload and do not know what?

What to pay attention to and what to ignore

41

(Schemas) this can lead to poor what?

Concentration

42

(Schemas) superficial incidents such as a conversation at the next table may be seen as what?

Highly significant and personally relevant
Possibly explaining delusions

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