3.3 Coastal Landforms Flashcards Preview

3. Coastal Systems and Landscapes > 3.3 Coastal Landforms > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3 Coastal Landforms Deck (6)
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1

Name 8 landforms that are caused by erosion

cliffs
wave cut platforms
headlands
bays
caves
arches
stacks
stumps

2

Formation of cliffs

they form as the sea erodes the land
over time, the cliffs retreat due to the action of waves and weathering

3

Formation of wave cut platforms

weathering and wave erosion cause a notch to form at the high water mark- this developed into a cave
the rock above becomes unstable with nothing to support it and it collapses
this creates a wave cut platform which are flat surfaces left behind when a cliff is eroded

4

Example of a cliff and wave cut notch platform

Lannacombe Bay in South Devon

5

Formation of headlands and bays

form when there are alternate soft and hard rock along the coastline
the soft rock is eroded quicker than the hard rock, this forms bays and headlands

6

Example of a headland and a bay

Swanage bay