3.3.2 Cortisol & chronic stress Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.3.2 Cortisol & chronic stress > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3.2 Cortisol & chronic stress Deck (18):
1

what does the HPA pathway stand for?

the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal pathway

2

(HPA pathway) when a stressor is encountered the SAM response is triggered as well as a what?

second slower response - the HPA pathway

3

(HPA pathway) 1. stressor is perceived by what?

the hypothalamus

4

(HPA pathway) 2. which pathway is activated?

the HPA pathway

5

(HPA pathway) 3. which hormone is released?

CRF

6

(HPA pathway) 3. what does CRF stimulate?

the pituitary gland

7

(HPA pathway) 4. the pituitary gland releases which hormone?

ACTH

8

(HPA pathway) 4. what does ACTH stimulate?

the adrenal glands

9

(HPA pathway) 5. the adrenal cortex releases what into the bloodstream?

corticosteroids

10

(HPA pathway) 6. what do corticosteroids do?

release glucose from the liver for energy
suppress the immune system

11

(cortisol) cortisol is part of which family of hormones?

glucocorticoids

12

(cortisol) cortisol plays a role in the CNS where it is involved in what?

learning
memory
regulation of glucose storage
immune system

13

(cortisol) when released in response to stress what does cortisol do? what does this make us more able to do?

lowers sensitivity to pain
releases glucose for energy
deal with an on going stressor

14

(cortisol & memory) cortisol can negatively affect what?

cognitive performance

15

(cortisol & memory) cortisol can impair what when we are stressed?

impair our memory

16

(cortisol & memory) give examples of how cortisol can impair memory when stressed:

mind going blank in an exam or interview or when put on the spot

17

(cortisol & health) what is immunosuppression?

weakened immune system due to a decrease in the number of white blood cells

18

(cortisol & memory) cortisol can have an effect on the immune system as high levels of corticosteroids can do what?

shrink the thymus gland
reducing t cell production

Decks in A Level Psychology Class (131):