Flashcards in 3.3.3 Type A & B Evaluation (Str) Deck (29):
(Physiological responses) there is evidence to support what?
Physiological responses to stress of people with type A or B personalities
(Physiological responses) what did Friedman et al ask participants to complete?
Unsolvable puzzle in noisy environment
Reward of a prize for completing the puzzle
(Physiological responses) Friedman - type a individuals were visibly more what?
Stressed and annoyed compared to type B
(Physiological responses) Friedman - type A individuals showed higher levels of what?
Adrenaline during competition
(Physiological responses) Friedman's research supports what idea?
Differences in physiological response to stress of type a and b personalities
(Gender bias) in the western collaborative study who was studied?
(Gender bias) type A traits like masculinity could be considered what?
Women might not show same characteristic
(Gender bias) baker et al's review found women showed what?
Similar levels of type a personality traits and autonomic response
(Gender bias) Bakers review suggests women would experience what?
The same negative effects on Heath as men
(Culture bias) why does Helman argue the type a personality is culturally biased?
Developed in west on US sample
Characteristics of workaholics and competitive are western ideals found in western culture
(Culture bias) the concept of a type a personality may only be useful in looking at what?
Responses of different cultures in stressful situations
(Long term findings) Ragland and brand followed up on who?
Original 257 after 22 years to look at long term effects
(Long term findings) R and B - though behaviours like smoking were important predictors of CHD what did type A behaviour not show?
Significant correlation with it
(Long term findings) R and B - contradicts what?
The initial results of the study
(Long term findings) R and B - type A individuals though more likely to suffer were what?
More likely to survivor coronary events
(Long term findings) why might Ragland and Brands results not be a complete contradiction?
Possible publication of the initial results was a CV
So type As adjusted their stressed behaviours
(Role of hostility) according to kobasa what protects against the negative effects of stress?
High levels of control commitment and challenge
(Role of hostility) but the 3Cs are also part of what?
The type A personality which is more prone to stress related illness
(Role of hostility) it may be certain Type A traits are more important in what?
Making an individual prone to stress related illness
(Role of hostility) Hecker et al re examined what?
Cases from the western collaborative study
(Role of hostility) Hecker found what had the most significant relationship with subsequent CHD?
(Role of hostility)Heckers findings may be helpful in having Type As do what?
Develop a constructive response to stress
Focusing on the particular aspect of hostility
(Type C) what are some characteristics of a type c personality?
Ignore own needs
(Type C) temshok suggested failing to express emotion and anger may do what?
Have negative effect on the immune system
Making individuals more prone to cancer
(Type C) Morris et a found women attending cancer clinic who expressed less anger were more likely to have what?
Cancerous lumps than non cancerous
(Type C) 6 year follow up study by Giraldi found no association between what?
Psychological variables like emotional succession
And cancer progression
(Type C) Giraldi did what in the months leading up to cancer diagnosis?
Stressful life events
(Positives of Type A) what is the type a personality often seen as and why?
Increased likelihood of stress related illness