3.7 Types of Obligatory Errors Flashcards Preview

ECU Craniofacial Anomalies + Laryngeal Rehab > 3.7 Types of Obligatory Errors > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.7 Types of Obligatory Errors Deck (10):
1

What is hypernasality?

(2)

inappropriate nasal resonance for oral consonants

- perceived on oral pressure consonants ("buy baby a bib"

2

What is hyponasality?

Lack of nasal resonance for nasal consonants

- "m", "n", and "ng" "mama made lemon jam"

3

What is audible nasal air escape?

Perception of (inappropriate) nasal air escape on oral pressure consonants

4

Nasalized phonemes are usually associated with the presence of _____________ due to a moderate to large velopharyngeal opening

hypernasality

5

Nasalized phonemes is an ___________ error since the nasal cognate of an oral pressure consonant becomes a nasal phoneme

obligatory

6

In regards to nasalized phonemes, placement of on phoneme is preserved, but manner is necessarily changed from ______ to ____ due to the open velopharyngeal port.

oral to nasal

7

In regards to nasalized phonemes, use ______ ___________ to teach placement, increase intelligibility and create oral pressure prior to surgical repair.

nasal occlusion

8

Why do weak consonants and short utterance occur?

These errors occur due to loss of air pressure secondary to consistent nasal air escape

9

What should we know about posterior nasal frication?

(2)

- Due to touch velopharyngeal closure
- Results in non-phoneme specific nasal rustle

10

How should we treat posterior nasal frication?

utilize nasal occlusion or nose clips to create oral pressure for consonants prior to surgical repair