3Ds Flashcards Preview

Geriatrics-JS > 3Ds > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3Ds Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the 3 Ds

Delirium, dementia, depression

2

What is delirium

Acute confusion caused by a organic factor

3

What is the onset and duration of delirium

Rapid onset and short period of time (hours or days)

4

Causes of delirium

Infection, medication, trauma, injuries, dehydration, malnutrition, hypo/hyperglycemia

5

Quick action plan for delirium

Give full glass of water and high carb meal, assess for injury and take temp

6

What is dementia

Chronic confusion with gradual memory loss and loss of ADLs

7

Is dementia curable

No

8

How long does it take for dementia to occur

Over many months or years

9

What developes in dementia

Neurofibrillary tangles in brain

10

What are some key symptoms of dementia

Changes in personality, problem with language/word finding, getting lost

11

Quick action for dementia

Do a 3 item recall and or a mini mental exam

12

What is the most common mental health concern in older adults

Depression

13

When does depression commonly occur

After a major life change (loss of spouse, in chronic pain, etc)

14

What are some signs of depression

Losing interest, inability to feel pleasure, loss of interest in eating, lack of energy

15

How many cases of depression are reversed with treatment

80%

16

To screen for alcohol use this many servings to ask for

6

17

Quick action for depression

Ask if they are and then refer/support with resources

18

What is the most common type of dementia

Alzheimer's

19

What type of food is good for dementia

Heart smart is brain smart

20

Ages for Alzheimer's

40-90