3rd Quarter Embalming 2 Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Embalming 2 Test 2 Deck (35):
1

Factors governing selection of artery

1. Age: Infant vs. adult2. Weight (corpulence)3. Disfiguration - scar tissue, arthritis, etc.4. Disease - cancer, goes hand in hand with disfiguration, etc.5. Edema - excessive fluids6. Obstruction - vascular or extravascular7. Trauma - any type of wound or injury8. Medico - legal requirements9. Cause and manner of death

2

Proper technique for raising vessels

1. Shave area if necessary2. Select instruments and prepare ligature or necessary instruments.3. Locate place of incision using linear guide.4. Make incision through skin, superficial fascia and deep fascia.5. Use blunt dissection through superficial fascia and deep fascia, and adipose tissue.6. Locate vessels by use of anatomical guide.7. Clean vessels by blunt dissection and ligate vessels.8. Make incision in vessel.

3

TYPES OF INCISIONS

Transverse incision Diagonal incision “T” incisionDouble “T” incisionWedge incision

4

Most common method employed to open the artery or vein. Cut is made from the edge of the vessel to the center of the vessel.

Transverse incision

5

Cutting at an angle.

Diagonal incision (obliquely)

6

Incision that does not go along completely of both edges of the artery vein. Most commonly used in insertion for drainage on neck

"T" incision

7

wedge incision is also called ....

triangular

8

commonly made on a scarotic artery, because it does the least amount of damage to the walls of this vessel that are already diseased.

Wedge incision (triangular)

9

Types of Sutures for closure

A. Baseball Stitch B. Intradermal C. Lock stitch D. Whip or roll stitchE. Draw stitch

10

Most popular and common type of suture

baseball stitch

11

The most common use of this suture is on parts of the body that will be seen in an open casket.This is a hidden stitch, within the skin.Used on lesions or cuts on the face or parts of body that will be seen.

intradermal

12

this is the LEAST leak proof of any suture, BUT it does form the least prominent ridge.

intradermal

13

Type of suture that uses one needle

Single intradermal suture

14

type of suture that uses two needles.

double intradermal suture

15

most leak proof suture (most commonly used on the back or areas of the body you are concerned about leakage)

lock stitch

16

DETERMINING WHICH VESSELS TO RAISE FOR INJECTION IS DONE_____________________

DURING THE CASE ANALYSIS

17

considerations and precautions when selecting arteries is based upon...

accessibilityarterial occlusion

18

hardening of the arteries

arterial occlusion

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Superficial or deepSurrounding structuresSize (diameter)Proximity to aortaAccessibility for drainage from corresponding veinThese are examples of....

Accessibility as a consideration in selecting an artery

20

weight is also called

corpulence

21

obstructions can be...

vascular or extravascular

22

?????? look up definition of this

double T incision

23

????? see textbook

whip or roll stitchdraw stitch

24

other methods of closing the incision

adhesivessurgical staples

25

4 terms discussed that are associated with vascular injection

1. One point injection2. Split injection/drainage3. Mulit-point injection4. Restricted cervical

26

type of injection when one location is used for both injection and drainage

one point injection

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most common sites for "one point injection"

common carotid artery/internal jugular veinfemoral artery/femoral vein

28

type of injection from one location and drainage from a separate location.

split injection/drainage

29

most common site of injection using split injection

right femoral artery

30

most common site of drainage using split drainage

right internal jugular vein

31

type of injection when you inject from two or more arteries.

multi-point injection

32

this injection ensures better distribution throughout the body

multi-point injection

33

type of injection where both common carotid arteries are raised.Allows the head to be injected separately

restricted cervical

34

this injection is used if the embalmer is concerned about distention or swelling of the facial features during the embalming process, or if there is a major RA project. ex: car accidents or head trauma

restricted cervical

35

what would you call an incision on a vessel that visually looks like the capital letter that follows S?

T incision