3rd Quarter Embalming 2 Test 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Embalming 2 Test 4 Deck (74):
1

Where does the ascending aorta terminate?

at the level of the 2nd costal cartilage

2

arches behind the heart

arch of aorta

3

branches off the arch of aorta...IN ORDER

1st- Brachiocephalic
2nd- Left common carotid
3rd- Left subclavian

4

where does the left subclavian begin?

at the level of the second left costal cartilage

5

last and longest division of the largest artery off the aortic arch...blood flows DOWNWARD

Descending aorta

6

the descending aorta passes through how many divisions?

2

7

what divisions does the descending aorta pass through?

1. Thoracic aorta
2. Abdominal aorta

8

The point of origin of the Descending aorta?

level of the 2nd left costal cartilage

9

National Board question...Which of the following is the largest NON-AORTIC valve that you would use for a NON-AUTOPSIED infant case?
A. Common Carotid Artery
B. Radial Artery
C. Ulnar Artery
D. Dorsalis

Common Carotid Artery

10

Three sets of iliac arteries

1. common iliac artery
2. internal iliac artery
3. external iliac artery

11

the iliac arteries are located where?

the hip region

12

the two terminal branches of the descending aorta

right & left common iliac arteries

13

you would use these ONLY during autopsied cases where pathologists left them.

common iliac arteries

14

the common iliac artery splits into the

internal iliac arteries

15

these arteries clear up and embalms the glueteal region

internal iliac arteries

16

these arteries are located toward the outside..ensures distribution to the lower extremities

external iliac arteries

17

the external iliac arteries continue as....

femoral artery

18

the lower extremities are what 4 things?

thigh
knee
leg
foot

19

these arteries are located in the HIPS

External iliac artery

20

anatomical guide of the external iliac artery

medial border of the psoas major muscle

21

point of termination of the external iliac artery

each terminates at the inguinal ligament

22

the inguinal is also known as the...

femoral

23

accompanying vein of the external iliac artery

external iliac vein

24

the thigh region consists of the...

hip & knee

25

the femoral is located in the...

thigh region...medial boundary

26

point of origin of the femoral

inguinal artery

27

linear guide of the femoral

on surface of thigh from center of inguinal to center point on medial condyle of the femur

28

rounded structure on a bone

condyle

29

thigh bone

femur

30

anatomical guide of the femoral

through center of femoral triangle, bounded laterally by the sartorius muscle, & medially by the adductor longus muscle.

31

three sided area of the thigh

femoral triangle

32

The inguinal ligament is the ________________ boundary of the femoral triangle.

superior

33

the point at which the Sartorius muscle & adductor longus meet is the

Apex of the femoral triangle

34

Note...

fascia tissue-hunter's canal-still contains femoral artery and vein

35

anatomical limits of the femoral

begins at point posterior to center of the inguinal ligament
terminates at opening of the adductur mangus muscle

36

point above the back of the knee

opening of the adductor magnus muscle

37

The most LATERAL blood vessel of the femoral triangle is the

femoral artery

38

most medial structure in the femoral triangle in relationship to the inguinal ligament is the....

termination of the great saphenous vein

39

place of incision of the femoral

along any portion of the superior 2/3 of linear guide.

40

where do we advocate raising the femoral and why

Just inferior the inguinal liagament
Because the artery & vein lie parallel to each other & visually you'd be less likely to puncture wall of vein

41

considerations of raising femoral artery

LARGE in size
Lower portion of body can be embalmed w/o concern of distention of the face.
Equal distribution of fluid to the head

42

Precautions of raising the femoral arteries

Vessels are deep seated in obese cases.
Drainage is sometimes difficult to establish & maintain

43

accompanying vein of the femoral artery

femoral vein

44

the femoral vein's location in relationship to the femoral artery

Medial and deep

45

Mid-thigh; at a point below the apex of the femoral triangle just below the inguinal ligament the femoral vein would go deeper in the tissues, so the location of the femoral vein in relationship to the femoral artery just below the inguinal ligament?

medial

46

What is the name of the artery just superior or inferior to the apex of the femoral triangle?

FEMORAL ARTERY

47

What is the name of the vein just superior or inferior to the apex of the femoral triangle?

FEMORAL VEIN

48

THE femoral artery continues as the

popliteal artery

49

behind the knee (posterior)

popliteal artery

50

linear guide of the popliteal artery

through center of popliteal space...parallel to the long axis of the lower extremities

51

anatomical limits of the popliteal artery

begins at opening of adductor magnus muscle
terminates at lower border of popliteus muscle
about one inch below the knee

52

place of incision to raise popliteal artery

parallel incision on the posteromedial (in back & toward medial line) aspect of the thigh...just superior to the popliteal space.

53

located between knee & ankle...first artery located in the leg region.

anterior tibial artery

54

the anterior tibial artery will eventually cross....

in front of the tibia or shin bone

55

linear guide of the anterior tibial artery

from lateral border of the patella...to the anterior surface of the ankle joint

56

bones of the ankle are called...

tarsal bones

57

anatomical limits of the anterior tibial arteries

begins at inferior border of popliteus muscle
terminates at level of ankle joint

58

place of incision of the anterior tibial arteries

along lateral margin of inferior 1/3 of the crest of the tibia

59

if the anterior tibial artery is injected INFERIORLY, it will ensure distribution to the...

toenail surface & anterior surface of the foot

60

ankle...this artery NEVER passes in front of the shin bone or tibia

posterior tibial artery

61

linear guide of the posterior tibial artery

from center of popliteal space to point midway between medial malleolus & calcaneus tendon

62

boney prominence located off the distal end of the tibia or shin bone

malleolus

63

heal bone; one of the tarsal bones

calcaneus tendon

64

anatomical limits of the posterior tibial artery

begins at inferior border of popliteus muscle
TERMINATION NOT NEEDED

65

place of incision to raise posterior tibial artery

midway between medial malleolus & calcaneal tendon

66

the posterior tibial artery is the last major artery an embalmer would raise to....

clear up the sole of foot..

67

The sole of foot is also called the...

planter surface

68

foot...last major artery of lower extremities

dorsalis pedis

69

linear guide of dorsalis pedis artery

from center of anterior surface of ankle joint to a point between 1st and 2nd digits

70

digits of the toes are numbered from...

medial to most laterl

71

the 1st digit of the foot is....

the big toe

72

anatomical limits of the dorsalis pedis

begins at level of ankle joint
it is a continuation of the anterior tibial artery

73

place of incision to raise dorsalis pedis artery

along superior 1/3 of 1st digit.

74

the dorsalis pedis artery CLEARS up...

toenail surface