Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Review Deck (86):
requires a long period of time, is extensive, or requires technical skill
types of major restorations
full head of hairdeep wound preparation and care of deep lacerationsrepair or reconstruction of multiple fracturesbuck-teeth (dental prognathism)3rd degree burns
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color
time-table of RA treatment layout
Pre-embalmingConcurrent EmbalmingPost Embalming
These are examples of what type of treatment?Setting featuresSuturing clean cuts, skin flaps, positioning skin, muscle, features, etc.Resetting fracturesPuncture blistersSupport surface tissuesMinor buck teeth issues
Buck teeth are also called...
These are examples of what type of treatment?Internal (active) dyeMaintaining feature corrections/alignmentLimiting swelling
Concurrent Embalming Treatments
These are examples of what type of treatment?Remove scabsExcise diseased or mutilated tissuesSuture incisions, lacerationsReduce swellings (it has already occurred) Reduce tissue swelling (using gravity, compress- ace bandage, channeling-small incisions, electric spatula, )Be sure to use large amounts of massage cream to protect the skinDeep wound preparation and waxingFeature modelingBleachingMasking discolorationsExternal coloring and cosmetics (not always to cover something)Correct buck-teethAttach dismembered partsHair replacement
Post Embalming Treatments
lack of symmetry or proportiondifferences in paired features
it is natural to be ________
correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.
anterior view of the face or features
side view of the human head
in reference to a photograph; a view that reveals the fullness of the cheeks
What should the restorative artist not conceal?
external shape; a mold for casting; produce a certain shape; to constitute existing elementsrefers to the shape of a surface structure, which is recognized by its outline and surface movement.
the process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily inhibit organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance.
dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object.
the bilateral view; an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two sides or halves of an object or facial feature.
a visual sensation perceived by the eye and the mind due to the activity and vibration of light
hollow space or area
The body is erect, facing the observer, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from body.
a prominence or projection of a bone
a state or degree of being deep
near to the mid-line; opposite of lateral direction
a position or direction away from mid-line; to the side
more elevated in place or position; higher; upper; anatomically towards the head
beneath; lower in plane or position; the under surface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure; toward the feet
the act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings
a type of surface formed by the withdrawal of a part from its normal position
exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface; a concavity
boundaries or edges
slanting; neither horizontal nor perpendicular
curved evenly; resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere
the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features
the injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour
hypodermic tissue building
a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level
the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear
a hollow or concave region
the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting
the geometric shape of the human skull
an electrically heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour to natural form
the topmost part of the head
Crown is also known as...
weight applied to a surface
lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain
the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone.
two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull
the rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones; determines the widest part of the cranium
inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone
the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone
the vertical surface of the temporal bone
How is the widest part of the cranium measured?
From one parietal eminence to another
a natural body opening or canal
the most common characteristics of each feature; typical, common, average
Anatomical structures for locating the modeled ear? What are they? Where are they located?
external auditory meatuszygomatic archmandibular fossamastoid process
a single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose
the anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof of the skull
paired, rounded, un-margined prominences of the frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath the normal hairline
the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows.
the superior rim of the eye sockets
- to observe the relative locations and arrangements of internal parts, it is necessary to cut or section the body along various planes.
a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions. If the division is into two equal halves, it is called median or mid-sagittal
Median (sagittal) plane
divides the body into superior and inferior sections
Horizontal (transverse) plane
divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Frontal (coronal) plane
inferior to the mandibular fossaear passage...most noticeable
external auditor meatus
anterior to the external auditory meatus
posterior to the lobe of the earmost inferior portion of the temporal bone
fatty 1/3 portion of the ear
where does the sternoclediomastoid muscle attach?
causes bruising and swelling to the eyes
Separation of the head from the bo
the trunk of a body
when decapitated it the head should be embalmed...
separately from the trunk
the decapitated head can be injected using the....
common carotid arteries if in tact
if the common carotid arteries are destroyed in a decapitation how should injection be made?
External & Internal Carotid Arteries or...External Maxillary arteries
other methods of decapitated head preservation...
hypodermic injectionsurface compresses
the torso from decapitation can be injected using the ....
common carotid or axillary arteries
Use _____ plastic or wood splints (dowels) or _________ rods that are approximately ___ -____ inches long that are _______________ to reattach the head
One rod is inserted into the ___________
spinal canal of the vertebrae
The additional 2 rods are inserted into the muscles on both sides of the __________ and __________
suture the muscles and tissue around the _____________________________ of the neck
use ______________ or _______________to fill in for missing tissue of neck
mortuary mastic or cotton & sealer