3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Restorative Art Test 1 Review Deck (86):
1

requires a long period of time, is extensive, or requires technical skill

major restoration

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types of major restorations

full head of hairdeep wound preparation and care of deep lacerationsrepair or reconstruction of multiple fracturesbuck-teeth (dental prognathism)3rd degree burns

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the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color

restorative art

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time-table of RA treatment layout

Pre-embalmingConcurrent EmbalmingPost Embalming

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These are examples of what type of treatment?Setting featuresSuturing clean cuts, skin flaps, positioning skin, muscle, features, etc.Resetting fracturesPuncture blistersSupport surface tissuesMinor buck teeth issues

Pre-Embalming Treatments

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Buck teeth are also called...

dental prognathism

7

These are examples of what type of treatment?Internal (active) dyeMaintaining feature corrections/alignmentLimiting swelling

Concurrent Embalming Treatments

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These are examples of what type of treatment?Remove scabsExcise diseased or mutilated tissuesSuture incisions, lacerationsReduce swellings (it has already occurred) Reduce tissue swelling (using gravity, compress- ace bandage, channeling-small incisions, electric spatula, )Be sure to use large amounts of massage cream to protect the skinDeep wound preparation and waxingFeature modelingBleachingMasking discolorationsExternal coloring and cosmetics (not always to cover something)Correct buck-teethAttach dismembered partsHair replacement

Post Embalming Treatments

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lack of symmetry or proportiondifferences in paired features

asymmetry

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it is natural to be ________

asymetrical

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correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face.

symmetry

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anterior view of the face or features

front aspect

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side view of the human head

profile view

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in reference to a photograph; a view that reveals the fullness of the cheeks

three-quarter view

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What should the restorative artist not conceal?

ScarsMolesBirthmarksWarts

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external shape; a mold for casting; produce a certain shape; to constitute existing elementsrefers to the shape of a surface structure, which is recognized by its outline and surface movement.

Form

17

the process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily inhibit organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance.

embalming

18

dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object.

Bilateral differences

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the bilateral view; an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two sides or halves of an object or facial feature.

Bilateral silhouette

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a visual sensation perceived by the eye and the mind due to the activity and vibration of light

color

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hollow space or area

cavity

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two sides

bilateral

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The body is erect, facing the observer, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from body.

anatomical position

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a prominence or projection of a bone

eminence

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a state or degree of being deep

depth

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near to the mid-line; opposite of lateral direction

medial

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a position or direction away from mid-line; to the side

lateral

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more elevated in place or position; higher; upper; anatomically towards the head

superior

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beneath; lower in plane or position; the under surface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure; toward the feet

inferior

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the act of throwing forward; a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings

projection

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a type of surface formed by the withdrawal of a part from its normal position

recession

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exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface; a concavity

concave

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boundaries or edges

margins

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slanting; neither horizontal nor perpendicular

oblique

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curved evenly; resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere

convex

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the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features

physiognomy

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the injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour

hypodermic tissue building

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a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level

tissue builder

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the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear

mastoid process

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a hollow or concave region

depression

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the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting

protrusion

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the geometric shape of the human skull

oval

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an electrically heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour to natural form

electric spatula

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the topmost part of the head

crown

45

Crown is also known as...

vertex

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weight applied to a surface

external pressure

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lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain

occipital bone

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the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone.

occipital protuberance

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two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull

parietal bones

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the rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones; determines the widest part of the cranium

parietal eminence

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inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone

temporal bones

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the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone

temporal cavity

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the vertical surface of the temporal bone

squama

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How is the widest part of the cranium measured?

From one parietal eminence to another

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a natural body opening or canal

meatus

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the most common characteristics of each feature; typical, common, average

Norm

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meaning...after death

postmortem

58

Anatomical structures for locating the modeled ear? What are they? Where are they located?

external auditory meatuszygomatic archmandibular fossamastoid process

59

a single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose

glabella

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the anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof of the skull

frontal bone

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paired, rounded, un-margined prominences of the frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath the normal hairline

frontal eminences

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the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows.

superciliary arches

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the superior rim of the eye sockets

supraorbital margins

64

- to observe the relative locations and arrangements of internal parts, it is necessary to cut or section the body along various planes.

Body Planes

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a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions. If the division is into two equal halves, it is called median or mid-sagittal

Median (sagittal) plane

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divides the body into superior and inferior sections

Horizontal (transverse) plane

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divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

Frontal (coronal) plane

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inferior to the mandibular fossaear passage...most noticeable

external auditor meatus

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anterior to the external auditory meatus

mandibular fossa

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posterior to the lobe of the earmost inferior portion of the temporal bone

mastoid process

71

fatty 1/3 portion of the ear

ear lobe

72

where does the sternoclediomastoid muscle attach?

Mastoid process

73

causes bruising and swelling to the eyes

squama

74

Separation of the head from the bo

decapitation

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the trunk of a body

torso

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when decapitated it the head should be embalmed...

separately from the trunk

77

the decapitated head can be injected using the....

common carotid arteries if in tact

78

if the common carotid arteries are destroyed in a decapitation how should injection be made?

External & Internal Carotid Arteries or...External Maxillary arteries

79

other methods of decapitated head preservation...

hypodermic injectionsurface compresses

80

the torso from decapitation can be injected using the ....

common carotid or axillary arteries

81

Use _____ plastic or wood splints (dowels) or _________ rods that are approximately ___ -____ inches long that are _______________ to reattach the head

3metal812sharpened

82

One rod is inserted into the ___________

spinal canal of the vertebrae

83

The additional 2 rods are inserted into the muscles on both sides of the __________ and __________

esophagustrachea

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suture the muscles and tissue around the _____________________________ of the neck

entire circumference

85

use ______________ or _______________to fill in for missing tissue of neck

mortuary mastic or cotton & sealer

86

posterior process of the ramus of the mandible...articulates the anterior to the external auditory meatus

mandibular fossa