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Flashcards in (4) Consolidation of Power Deck (15):
1

When was the Reichstag building set on fire?

27 February 1933

2

How did Hitler use the Reichstag fire to help him gain supporters?

. He was able to remove the communist party.
. He used it to make people scared of a communist
takeover.
. Hitler was able to convince Hindenburg to sign the
'Decree for the Protection of People and State.'

3

Who was blamed for the Reichstag fire?

. Marinus van der Lubbe, a Dutch communist.

4

What happened in the 1933 election?

. In March 1933, the Nazi Party won 288 seats.
. They didn't win a majority.
. Coalition was formed with the National Party.

5

What was the Enabling Act?

. An act which gave Hitler and his government full powers.
. It let Hitler secure closer control of the nation.
. It allowed Hitler to create a 'dictatorship'.

6

When was the Enabling Act signed?

. 23 March 1933

7

How did Hitler persuade people to pass the Enabling Act?

. SA intimidated members as they went into the chamber.
. Absentees counted as present.
. Communist party didn't count towards total.
. Promises to the Catholic Centre Party won their vote.

8

What German name refers to Hitler lining his Nazi philosophy with German society?

Gleichschaltung

9

When were Trade Unions banned and how did this help Hitler?

. May 1933.
. There would be no strikes.
. There was no need for them as it was now a national
state.
. They were seen as a threat - had to be removed.

10

How did political parties change during 1933?

. Communist party was banned after Reichstag Fire.
. Social Democratic Party had its headquarters seized.
. All other parties disbanded themselves at the end of
June.
. The Nazi Party was the only political party in Germany.

11

How did Hitler get control of the state Government?

. Broke down the federal structures of Germany.
. There were 18 'Länder' and each had its own parliament.

12

When was the Night of the Long Knives?

. 30 June 1934

13

Why did Hitler turn on his own army, the SA?

. He needed to win support of the army.
. Earnst Röhm wanted a social revolution
. The SS wanted to break away from the SA.

14

Describe the events of The Night of the Long Knives

. Röhm and the main leaders were shot by members of the
SS.
. About 400 people were killed.
. Von Schleicher and Gregor Strasser were murdered -
Hitler saw the opportunity to settle old scores.

15

When did Hitler become Führer of Germany and how did he acquire this position?

. The end of August 1934.
. The army, after the Night of the Long Knives, swore
allegiance to Hitler.
. Hinderburg died, Hitler made himself president and
mixed his role of chancellor to form the Fürher - the sole
ruler of Germany.