4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Anatomy and Fx of Cervix Flashcards Preview

CP2 > 4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Anatomy and Fx of Cervix > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Anatomy and Fx of Cervix Deck (5):
1

made predom of? continuous with? connects what? allows what in and what out? in preg it holds what in what and then does what when?

elastic conn tissue
continuous with uterus, uterus to vagina
sperm in and menstrual flow out
in preg - holds fetus in and dilated in labour > delivery

2

attachments
-post? laterally?
what is lat to cervix? this structure contains what 3 things?

post - sacrum via uterosacral ligs and laterally to pelvic sidewall by cardinal ligs
lat is parametrium, contains conn tissue, uterine vessels and ureters

3

histology/transformation zone
-canal is called what? and is lined by what? what is part that is continuous with vag? lined by? name of junction? what happens during puberty and preg?

endocervix - columnar (glandular) epithelium
ectocervix - squamous
squamocolumnar junction
- partial eversion of the cervix occurs

4

after partial eversion.....what happens to environment and what does this cause? what are these cells vulnerable to? so this is where what can happen?

lower pH of vagina causes now exposed col epith to undergo metaplasia > squamous - TZ formed at junction

metaplasia cells vuln to agents inducing neoplastic change - where cervical ca can originate

5

blood supply and lymph drainage - blood supply from? lymph drains to ? and ? then to ? and ?
cervical ca usually spreads in lymph distally and ? to where?

upper vaginal branches and uterine aa
drains to obturator and int/ext iliac nodes > common iliac and paraaortic nodes
locally by direct invasion to bladder, rectum, uterus, vagina

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