4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Benign Conditions of the Cervix Flashcards Preview

CP2 > 4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Benign Conditions of the Cervix > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4 - Gynae - The Cervix and its disorders - Benign Conditions of the Cervix Deck (7):
1

6 conditions?

cervical ectropion
acute cervicitis
chronic cervicitis
cervical polyps
nabothian follicles
congen malformations (uterus and cervix absent/duplicated)

2

Cervical ectropion - aka ??
-when columnar epithelium of endocervix is ??
-due to what? which is normal in who?

erosion

visible as red area around os on surface of cervix

due to eversion - normal in young women, esp if preg, or taking pill

3

Cervical ectropion - Sx? trt? but only after what? prone to?

normally aSx - can cause PCB, or discharge
trt - cryotherapy w/o anaesthetic, but only after smear and colposcopy exclude Ca - prone to infection

4

acute cervicitis - often due to what? common or rare? what is occasionally found in severe prolapse? why?

STI
rare
ulceration and infection
cos cervix protrudes/held back by pessary

5

Chronic cervicitis - chronic what or what? often of what? common cause of ? may give an ? trt? what depends on culture?

infection/inflam
often of ectropion
vaginal discharge
may give inflam smear
cryo used w/w/o ABx depending on culture

6

Cervical polyps - benign tumours of what ? size? age group? Sx? trt of small ones? what are still Ix'd?

endocervical epithelium
mostly in women >40, rarely >1cm
may be aSx or cause PCB, IMB
small ones avulsed w/o anesthetic and histo done
still must Ix bleeding abnormalities

7

Nabothian follicles - when ? formed by metaplasia over ? cells - columnar ? trapped leading to what? appearance?
trt?

squamous epthelium formed by metaplasia over endocervical cells
columnar secretions trapped > retention cysts
white or opaque swellings on ectocervix
trt only if Sx (rare)

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