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When was the DSM-I created?



When did the DSM-IV-TR happen? What did they change?

It came out in 2000. They did not change too many things, but mostly updated diagnostic information to be in line with the ICD-10.


What is the difference between the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5?

The phrase "general medical condition" was replaced with "another medical condition"

The multi-axial system was eliminated, which they argue removes artificial distinctions between mental and medical disorders.

Autism spectrum disorder encompasses 4 previous separate disorders.

Childhood bipolar disorder is now disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.

ADHD can continue into adulthood, and symptoms have to appear before age 12 now (versus 7).

Bereavement exclusion for major depression was removed.

More attention paid to behavioral symptoms of PTSD.

Mild neurocognitive disorder was added, and major neurocognitive disorder now subsumes dementia and amnestic disorder.

BED and Pre-menstrual DD are now official disorders.

Hoarding is now separate from OCD.


Define the diathesis-stress model, and cite relevant parties.

The diathesis–stress model is a psychological theory that attempts to explain behavior as a predispositional vulnerability together with stress from life experiences.

(Meehl, 1962; Zubin & Spring, 1977)


Explain what twin studies can tell us, and cite relevant parties.

Importance of genetic factors in many complex behavioral disorders and domains of psychopathology, personality, and cognitive ability.

(Plomin et al., 1994; 2001; many others!)