4: reproductive Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4: reproductive Deck (78):
1

when is a dogs first "heat"

6-12 months

2

when is a cats first "heat"

6-9 months old

3

what seasons do cats cycle in

january-october

4

when should you first breed a dog

2 years in estrus

5

when does diestrus occur

after mating and ovulation

6

how long is a canine or felines gestation

65 days (63 avg.)

7

how long is a felines proestrus

not usually seen, 1-3 days

8

how long is a felines estrus

8-10 days

9

how long is a felines metestrus

1-2 weeks is not ovulated

10

how long is a felines pseudopregnancy

40 days

11

how long is a felines anestrus

2-6 weeks

12

how long is a felines full estrous cycle

1-3 weeks

13

how often does a felines estrous cycle occur

every 2-3 weeks until mating or spaying

14

what disease is most common in puppies before puberty and rarely in adults

vaginitis

15

what are the CS. of vaginitis

mimic UTI- vaginal licking, discharge, pollakiuria

16

what is pollakiuria

increased frequency of urination

17

what is a fatal female reproductive tract disease

pyometra

18

what stage of estrus does a pyometra occur

diestrus

19

what is a pyometra

hormone dysfunction complicated by ascending infection

20

what could be wrong with a dog who has PU/PD, is depressed, anorexic, possible V+ and D+, discharge, and possible shock

pyometra

21

how do you treat pyometra

fluids, ABX, OVH asap

22

how is the ovary attached to the body wall

by a suspensory ligament that must be stretched or torn

23

what is unique about animals ovaries

the left ovary is more caudal

24

how is the uterus suspended from the body wall

broad ligament (must be stretched or torn)

25

is a pseudopregnancy common in dogs and cats

yes

26

what is a pseudocyesis

pseudopregnancy

27

how do you rule out a pseudocyesis

radiograph or ultrasound

28

is it recommended to spay during a pseudopregnancy

no, let it resolve on its own

29

when can the pregnancy be palpated

30-36 days (earlier in cats)

30

when can an ultrasound be used during pregnancy

28 days (earlier in cats)

31

when can bloodwork be used during pregnancy

28 days

32

when can a radiograph be used during pregnancy

45 days

33

when are physical changes of pregnancy seen

most obvious in last week

34

when does lactation start

a few days before delivery

35

what are the 3 stages of labor

preperation, delivery of young, delivery of placenta

36

how long can stage 1 of pregnancy last

up to 36 hours (6-12 avg)

37

how long does stage 2 of pregnancy last in dogs

24 hours (3-6 avg)

38

how long does stage 2 of pregnancy last in cats

4-36 hours

39

how often should a puppy be born

20-60 minutes (2 hours MAX)

40

how often should a kitten be born

20 min

41

what color discharge may be seen with delivery and how long can it persist

green/black; 12-24 hours

42

how soon after a puppy should the placenta be delivered

5-15 min

43

what is uterine inertia

tired uterus

44

what is given to stimulate breathing in young

dopram (1 drop under tongue)

45

what is a neonate soft spot

open fontanelle/fontanel (normally closes after birth)

46

how is a cleft palate noticed

not growing and nose bubbles

47

what is a omphalocele

protrusion of part of intestine through defect in abdominal wall at umbilicus

48

where is progesterone secreted

corpus luteum within ovary

49

where and when is prolactin secreted

anterior pituitary in last third of pregnancy

50

where and when is oxytocin secreted

posterior pituitary in last hours of pregnancy

51

define agalactia

no milk production

52

define glactostasis

painful enlargement of gland

53

how often should a baby nurse

every 2 hours

54

when is the transition to puppy/kitten food

4-6 weeks

55

dewclaw removal aka

onychectomy

56

when should the dewclaw be removed

2-5 days old

57

when should vac. and deworming start

6-8 weeks

58

ascending inflammation of the uterus

metritis

59

when is metritis seen

after parturition and with retained placenta/fetus

60

foul vulvar discharge, acting sick, and lack of maternal behavior indicates what

metritis

61

how is metritis treated

oxytocin

62

what is a serious illness associated with low Ca levels

eclampsia

63

when does eclampsia occur

2-4 weeks after whelping in small dogs

64

what does weakness, shaking, seizures, collapse, and death indicate

eclampsia

65

shat is SIPS

subinvolution of placental sites

66

how long is brown discharge seen in association with SIPS

12 weeks

67

mammary tumor malignancy rate in dogs

50%

68

mammary tumor malignancy rate in cats

80-90%

69

what tumors are uncommon in males and females

transmissible venereal

70

what does prolapsed vaginal tissue at start of estrus indicate

vaginal hyperplasia

71

what is a zoonotic bacterial infection

brucellosis

72

brucellosis treatment

long term dox

73

when is a male sexually active

10-12 months

74

what is the most common male reproductive disease

prostate disease

75

BPH

begnine prostate hyperplasia (cause of prostate disease

76

what is persistent frenulum

congenital problem- remnent fetal tissue

77

what is blanoposthitis

inflammation of mucosal lining in prepuce

78

what is paraphimosis

inability to retract penis