4.01 - Articulation & Resonance A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.01 - Articulation & Resonance A Deck (98):
0

What's another name for Palatoglossus?

Glossopalatine

1

What's another name for Glossopalatine?

Palatoglossus

2

What's another name for Palatal Levator?

Levator Veli Palatini

3

What's another name for Levator Veli Palatini?

Palatal Levator

4

What are five upper airway functions that are necessary to sustain life?

Eating

Breathing

Vomiting

Coughing

Sneezing

5

What are two upper airway functions necessary for speech?

Filter Function

Oro-Nasal Coupling

6

What three things are necessary for speech?

Power source

Sound source

Sound filter

7

The upper vocal tract ______ of the cavities, spaces, and location of the constriction to resonate some frequencies of the ______ and attenuate others.

Modulates the shape

Glottal tone

8

The articulation of speech is created by everything ______.

Above the vocal folds

9

What are the two functions does the vocal filter provide?

Resonates harmonics

Attenuates harmonics

10

Resonate means to _____ harmonics where attenuate means to ______ harmonics.

Reinforce

Reduce the power

11

What are formants? What determines them?

Resonated harmonic frequencies

The length and shape of the vocal tract

12

What are the three stages of speech production?

Glottal tone

Vocal tract filter

Output

13

What is the Torus Tuberius?

The cartilaginous protrusion around the auditory (eustachian) tube opening

14

People say the ethmoid bone is shaped like a _____.

Walnut

15

People say the Vomer Bone is shaped like a ______.

Plow

16

What is another word for nostrils?

Nares

17

Nares are lined with _____ which catch _____ and _____.

Hair

Dust

Bacteria

18

Conchae create swirling pathways for air which ____________ which protects the lungs.

Warms and moistens the air

19

What sort of lining is in the nasal cavities and sinuses?

Mucosal

20

How much mucus do we produce in a day?

Around a quart

21

What does mucus contain?

(2)

Infection-Fighting Enzymes

White Blood Cells

22

What secondary function does mucus provide?

It is sticky and washes the nasal wall of particles

23

What joint does the Condylar Process connect to?

Temporomanibular Joint

24

What joint does the Coronoid Process?

None.

It only connects to muscles

25

A Class II Malocclusion is an ______.

Overbite

26

A Class III Malocclusion is an _______.

Underbite.

27

What is the difference between TMJ & TMD?

Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular Disorder

28

"Velum" comes from the latin word for _____.

Curtain

29

"Uvela" come from the Latin word for _______.

Little Grape

30

The Frenulum connects the tongue to the ______.

Mandibule

31

What can a restricted frenulum cause?

Trouble reaching alveolar sounds or with swallowing

32

What are the passive forces of the Upper Airway Apparatus?

(3)

Recoil

Surface Tension

Gravity

Aerodynamic (for things like trills)

33

What are the active forces of the Upper Airway Apparatus?

(5)

Pharyngeal Muscles

Mandibular Muscles

Tongue Muscles

Face/Lip Muscles

Velum

34

What is the Upper Airway Apparatus?

The tube above the vocal folds

35

What are the muscles of the Pharynx?

(4)

Superior, Middle, & Inferior Constrictor

Palatopharyngeus

Salpingopharyngeus

Stylopharyngeus

36

What is the Lumen?

The pharyngeal tube

37

What do the Constrictors do?

Reduce the size of the lumen

38

The Superior Constrictor goes from the ______ to the ______.

Posterior Median Raphe

Pterygoid Mandibular Ligament

39

What does the Superior Constrictor do?

(2)

Decreases the cross section of the lumen and squeezes

40

The Middle Constrictor goes from the ______ to the _______ and the ______.

Posterior Median Raphe

Greater & Lesser Horns of the Hyoid

Styloid Process

41

What does the Middle Constrictor do?

Decreases the cross section of the lumen

42

The Inferior Constrictor goes from the ______ to the _______.

Posterior Median Raphe

Thyroid & Cricoid Cartilages

43

What does the Inferior Constrictor do?

Decreases the cross sectional area of the lumen

44

The Stylopharyngeus connects to the _______ to the _______ and the ________.

Lateral walls of the pharynx

Mastoid Process

Stylo Process

45

What does the Stylopharyngeus do?

(2)

Increases the cross sectional area

Dialates

Elevates and opens the pharynx

46

The Palatopharygeus goes from the ______ to the _______.

Soft palate

Back pharyngeal wall

47

What does the Palatopharyngeus do?

It can lower the palate or raise the pharynx

48

What do the vertical fibers of the Palatopharyngeus do?

Elevate the pharynx

49

What do the horizontal fibers of the Palatopharyngeus do?

Constrict

Lower the palate

50

The Salpingopharygeus attaches to the _______ and joins the _______.

Torus Tuberius

Palatopharyngeus muscles

51

What does the Salpingopharyngeus do?

Elevates the pharynx

52

"Salpino-" comes from the Latin root for ______.

Jumping

53

What are the Muscles of Mastication?

(6)

Temporalis

Masseter

External & Internal Pterygoid

Geniohyoid

Diagastric (anterior)

Mylohyoid

54

What is the "Mandibular Sling"?

Masseter & Internal Pterygoid

55

What does the Masseter do?

(2)

Elevator

Raises the jaw

56

The Masseter connects the ______ to the _______ and the _______.

Zygomatic arch

Ramus of the Mandible

Coronid Process

57

The Internal Pterygoid connects the ______ to the _______.

Pterygoid processes

Superior surface of the mandible

58

What does the Internal Pterygoid do?

Elevates the mandible

59

What is another name of the Internal Pterygoid?

Medial Pterygoid

60

What does the Mandibular Sling do?

Closes the jaw

61

The Temporalis connects the ______ to the _______.

Temporal bone

Mandible

62

What does the Temporalis do?

Closes the jaw

63

What muscles help close the jaw?

(3)

Internal Pterygoid

Temporalis

Masseter

64

True or false, the muscles that close the jaw are very powerful?

True

65

The Digastric (Anterior) connects the _______ to the _______.

Front of the mandible

Front of the hyoid

66

What does the Digastric (Anterior) do?

(3)

Pulls the hyoid forward

Depresses the mandible

Opens the jaw

67

The Mylohyoid connects the ______ to the ______ and the ______.

Inner mandible

Median Fibrous Raphe

Hyoid

68

What does the Mylohyoid do?

(2)

Depresses the mandible

Opens the jaw

69

The Geniohyoid connects the ______ to the _______.

Mandible

Hyoid

70

What does the Geniohyoid do?

(2)

Depresses the mandible

Opens the jaw

71

What does the Platysma do?

(2)

Depresses the mandible

Opens the jaw

72

What muscles open the jaw?

(4)

Digastric (Anterior)

Mylohyoid

Geniohyoid

Platysma

73

The External Pterygoid connects the _______ to the ______.

External process of the mandible

Zygomatic process

74

What does the External Pterygoid do?

Slides the jaw forward

75

What muscles protrudes the jaw?

External Pterygoid

76

What does ABD stand for? What is it also called?

Anterior Belly of the Digastricus

Digastric (Anterior)

77

What does the PBD stand for? What is it also called?

Posterior Belly of the Digastricus

Digastricus (Posterior)

78

What innervates the Mandibular Sling?

CN V

Trigeminal Nerve

79

What innervates the ABD?

CN V

Trigeminal Nerve

80

What innervates the Mylohyoid?

CN V

Trigeminal Nerve

81

What innervates the PBD?

CN VII

Facial Nerve

82

What innervates the Geniohyoid?

CN XII

Hypoglossal Nerve

83

What is CN V?

Trigeminal Nerve

84

What is the Vallecula?

(2)

The valley between the tongue and the epiglottis

Can create swallowing issues if food or water gets stuck here.

85

What is another name for the Lateral Pterygoid?

External Pterygoid

86

What is another name for the Medial Pterygoid?

Internal Pterygoid

87

What is another name for the External Pterygoid?

Lateral Pterygoid

88

What is another name for the Internal Pterygoid?

Medial Pterygoid

89

How many incisors does an adult have?

8

90

How many canines does an adult have?

4

91

How many premolars does an adult have?

8

92

How many molars does an adult have?

12

93

Cleft Lip occurs when the _______ does not fuse.

Premaxillary suture

94

The palatine tonsils are nestled between the ______ and the _______.

Anterior Faucial Pillars

Posterior Faucial Pillars

95

Are the passive forces of the upper airway apparatus involved in phonation?

Yes

103

In cleft palate, the _______ does not fuse.

Maxillary plate

104

What is the main innervation for the Muscles of Mastication?

CN V

Trigeminal Nerve