4.2 (Negation and Indefinite Adjectives and Pronouns) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.2 (Negation and Indefinite Adjectives and Pronouns) Deck (34):
1

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

un(e) autre

another

2

Negation: It is also possible to combine several negative elements in one sentence

Examples:

On ne fait plus jamais rien

(we never do anything anymore)

Personne n'a plus rien écouté

(no one listened to anything anymore)

3

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

chaque

each, every single

4

More negative expressions:

Ne....que

Only

Je n'ai parlé qu'à Mathieu

(I only spoke to Matthew)

5

When you wish to modify

Personne, rien, quelqu'un, or quel'que chose

Add de +

(masc. singular adjective)

Example:

Ce weekend, nous ne faisons rien d'intéressant

(This weekend, we aren't doing anything interesting_

6

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

Quelques-un(e)s

some, a few (of them)

7

More negative expressions:

ne...plus

No more (not anymore)

Il ne veut plus être analphabète

(He doesn't want to be illiterate anymore)

8

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

tous/toutes

all (of them)

9

To negate a phrase with a partitive article

You usually replace the article with de or d'

Examples:

Il y a des activistes dans la capitale

(There are activists in the capital)

Il n'y a pas d'activistes dan la capitales

(There aren't any activists in the capital)

10

More negative expressions:

ne.... aucun(e)

 

None (not any)

Examples:

Le congrès n'a approuvé aucune loi cette année

(The congress didn't approve any laws this year)

11

Invariable Pronouns

(there are 5)

la plupart, plusieurs, quelque chose, quelqu'un, and tout are invariable

Examples:

Tout va bien au gouvernement

(Everything goes well in the government)

Il y a quelqu'un dehors?

(Is there someone outside?)

12

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

plusieurs

several (of them)

13

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

Quelques

some

14

More negative expressions:

Ne.... rien

Nothing (not anything)

les jurés n'ont rien décidé

(the jury members haven't decided anything)

Rein ne leur fait peur

(nothing frightens them)

15

Negation:

To say neither...nor

Use ne...ni...ni....

Place ne before the conjugated verb or auxillary, and ni before the word(s) it modifies.  Omit the indefinite and partitive articles after ni, but use the definite article when appropriate

Examples:

Il n'y a ni justice ni liberté dans une dictature

(There is neither justice nor liberty under a dictatorship)

AND

Ni le juge ni l'advocat ne va juger l'accusé

(Neither the judge or the lawyer will judge the acused)

16

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

quelqu'un

someone

17

Attention: The final -s of tous

Note that the final -s of tous is pronounced when it functions as a pronoun, but silent when it functions as an adjective

 

18

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

Quelque chose

something

19

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

plusieurs

several

20

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

tout(e)/ tous/ toutes (les)

every, all 

21

Negation:

Non plus

Use non plus to mean neither or not either.  

Use Si, instead of Oui, to contadict a negative statement or question

Examples:

Je n'aime pas la violence

Moi non plus (I don't either)

AND

Tu n'aimes pas la démocratie?

Mais Si (Yes, I do)

22

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

la plupart

most (of them)

23

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

tel(le)(s)

such (a)

24

Invariable adjectives 

(there are 3)

chaque, plusieurs, and quelques

Examples:

Chaque élève a droit à des livres gratuits

(Each student is entitled to free books)

Plusieurs terroristes ont fui

(Several terrorists fled)

25

Negation:

What is typically done?

You typically place ne... pas around the conjugated verb. If you are negating a phrase with a compound tense such as the passé compossé or the plus-que-parfait, place ne... pas around the auxillary verb

Example (infinitive): ca ne va pas faire un scandale; j'espère

Example (passé compossé): la famille n'a pas fui la ville pendant la guerre. 

26

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

chacun(e)

each one

27

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

certain(e)

certain

28

Negation:

to be more specific use these variations of ne...pas

Ne...pas du tout

and

Ne...pas encore

Examples:

Le président n'aime pas du tout les brocolis

(the president does not like brocolli at all)

or

La voleuse n'a pas encore choisi sa victime

(the thief has not chosen her victim yet)

29

More negative expressions:

Ne... nulle part

Nowhere (not anywhere)

n'a trouvé l'arme du crime nulle part

They didn't find the crime weapon anywhere

30

Indefinite pronouns which can be used in affirmative phrases

tout

everything

31

Indefinite adjectives which can be used in affirmative phrases

autre(s)

other

32

More negative expressions:

ne personne

No one (not anything)

Personne ne peut voter; les machines sont en panne

(No one can vote; the machines are broken)

AND

Ils n'ont vu personne

(They didn't see anyone)

33

More negative expressions:

Ne.... jamais

Never (not ever)

Tu n'as jamais voté?

You've never voted?

34

When forming a question with inversion

Place the ne first, then any pronouns, then the verb.  Place pas in the last position

Example:

Ne vous êtes-vous pas consacré à la lunette contre la criminalité?

(Did you not dedicate yourself to the fight against crime?)