4.2.3 Assessment of a country as a production location Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.2.3 Assessment of a country as a production location Deck (10):
1

factors that effect production location

costs of production
skills and availability of labour force
Infrastructure
location in trade bloc
government incentives
ease of doing business
political stability
natural resources
likely return on investment

2

describe the Costs of production as a factor of production location

-equipment, buildings and land
-wage levels
-raw materials

In highly competitive mass markets having low costs of production will be a significant issue.
This means low wage cost economies will see FDI in order to take advantage of the labour force. This allows businesses to drive costs down, allowing them to follow a low cost strategy if required

3

describe Skills and availability of labour force as a factor of production location

The UK is seen to have a highly skilled labour force. However, despite this, there is often a shortage of suitably skilled workers i.e. a lack of availability.
This can be resolved by locating in other countries and utilising the skills of workers there.
This often involves training workers to the required standard. However, as this leads to a rise in the individual worker’s living standards, there is often plenty of supply of labour for these jobs.

4

describe infrastructure as a factor of production location

The same can be seen when a business looks to locate production in another country. Clearly, transportation links are vital in moving any goods around the geographical region.
At the same time communication is vital, particularly for services, in order to be able to communicate with customers and other businesses.

5

describe Location in trade bloc as a factor of production location

Locating in a trade bloc such as the EU, NAFTA and ASEAN allows easier access to markets within those countries, with lower export taxes.
This will increase the benefits of setting up production inside of the trade bloc

6

describe government incentives as a factor of production location

National and local government can provide incentives e.g. grants if a business were to invest in the UK.
This could be provided in order to create jobs, particularly in deprived regions.

less taxation
free trade zones
subsides
grants , set up costs , training , construction

7

describe ease of doing business as a factor of production location

The ease of doing business in terms of location is how responsive governments are to demands of the business. Again, excessive bureaucracy will increase both time and costs for a business e.g. paperwork required for a location permit.
Governments might not want a business to compete with domestic businesses and therefore take a difficult stance in allowing them to set up in a location, even if this appears to breach regulations of the trade bloc within which they exist e.g. the EU.
At other times, Governments can pick and choose who they want to locate in their country as so many businesses want to be close to the market e.g. China.

culture , language barrier
taxation
legislation
bureaucracy
quota
barriers to trade

8

describe politically stable as a factor of production location

It is perhaps even more difficult for a business to locate in a country due to political stability than it is to export products to that country.
Corruption has been seen to be a major influence on whether large foreign businesses are allowed to set up in some countries. Normally, this is the MNC paying a bribe to local civil servants in order to cut through bureaucracy and use their local influence to get things done.
Even if a business manages to obtain planning permission for new production facilities it is often difficult to get skilled management to oversee operations, particularly in war torn countries.

9

describe natural resources as a factor of production location

Some countries are blessed with an abundance of natural resources that can be used for economic gain e.g. fossil fuels such as gas and oil and minerals such as diamonds and metals.
Therefore, it is sensible to set up production in order to ensure a supply of these resources.
This has led to MNCs moving into countries globally and having a significant influence on those countries.

-availability of raw materials
-bulk reducing
-bulk increasing
-cost production

10

describe likely return on investment as a factor of production location

As is the case for most businesses, the bottom line is profit.
A business will take into account all of the previous factors discussed and decide whether the return on investment is worthwhile.
This is strategic decision making. Heavy investment is required to move into new countries. When a decision to proceed is under way, it is not easy to undo.

will cost savings out weigh investment and set up costs , pros out weigh cons