Flashcards in 43 - Primary Prevention of Vascular Disease Deck (12):
Ankle-brachial index (ABI) < _____ = PAD
healthy diet, exercise, achieve normal BMI, reduce dietary sodium, stop smoking, limit alcohol
Basically you just treat whatever risk you have, so if they have HTN, treat HTN, if they have high lipids, treat that, etc.
Only lipid-lowering class proven to reduce CV risk in primary prevention?
Diabetes, target A1c of ____ to decrease risk of microvascular complications
The evidence linking tight glycemic control to prevention of _____ complications is less robust, particularly in T2DM
Should you use antithrombotics (ex. ASA) for primary prevention
they may reduce CV risk but increases risk for major GI bleeding and hemorrhagic strokes
If they have what condition, may you think about adding ASA as primary prevention?
What is the CHADS2 score?
C = congestive heart failure
H = HTN
A = age > 75 yo
D = DM
S2 = Hx or stroke or TIA
Can use _____ for obesity management
Should you recommend any nutritional supplements?
none have shown consistent benefit - just recommend healthy balanced diet