43 - Primary Prevention of Vascular Disease Flashcards Preview

PEBC > 43 - Primary Prevention of Vascular Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in 43 - Primary Prevention of Vascular Disease Deck (12):
1

Ankle-brachial index (ABI) < _____ = PAD

0.9

2

non-pharms

healthy diet, exercise, achieve normal BMI, reduce dietary sodium, stop smoking, limit alcohol

3

Basically you just treat whatever risk you have, so if they have HTN, treat HTN, if they have high lipids, treat that, etc.

ok

4

Only lipid-lowering class proven to reduce CV risk in primary prevention?

statins

5

Diabetes, target A1c of ____ to decrease risk of microvascular complications

6.5-7%

6

The evidence linking tight glycemic control to prevention of _____ complications is less robust, particularly in T2DM

macrovascular

7

Should you use antithrombotics (ex. ASA) for primary prevention

no

they may reduce CV risk but increases risk for major GI bleeding and hemorrhagic strokes

8

If they have what condition, may you think about adding ASA as primary prevention?

A. fib

9

What is the CHADS2 score?

C = congestive heart failure
H = HTN
A = age > 75 yo
D = DM
S2 = Hx or stroke or TIA

10

Can use _____ for obesity management

Orlistat

11

Should you recommend any nutritional supplements?

none have shown consistent benefit - just recommend healthy balanced diet

12

Women should not be encouraged to continue _____ ______ _______ if the sole reason is vascular protection

hormone replacement therapy

Decks in PEBC Class (130):