4.5 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 4.5 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4.5 Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception Deck (11):
1

sensory interaction

the working together of different senses to create experience

2

McGurk effect

an error in perception that occurs when we misperceive sounds because the audio and visual parts of the speech are mismatched

3

synesthesia

an experience in which one sensation (e.g., hearing a sound) creates experiences in another (e.g., vision)

4

selective attention

the ability to focus on some sensory inputs while tuning out others

5

sensory adaptation

a decreased sensitivity to a stimulus after prolonged and constant exposure

6

saccades

our eyes are constantly flitting from one angle to the next, making thousands of tiny movements

7

perceptual consistancy

The ability to perceive a stimulus as constant despite changes in sensation

8

Illusions

occur when the perceptual processes that normally help us correctly perceive the world around us are fooled by a particular situation so that we see something that does not exist or that is incorrect

9

moon illusion

refers to the fact that the moon is perceived to be about 50% larger when it is near the horizon than when it is seen overhead, despite the fact that both moons are the same size and cast the same size retinal image

10

embodied

built into and linked with our cognition

11

human factors psychology

the field of psychology that uses psychological knowledge, including the principles of sensation and
perception, to improve the development of technology

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