4D - Alchohols definitions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4D - Alchohols definitions Deck (12):
1

Primary alchohol

An achohol in which the OH group is attached to 2 or 3 hydrogens

OR

The carbon attached to the OH group is onto attached to one carbon atom

2

Alcohol

Homologous series with a functional group of -OH. Each successive menmber differs by -CH2 

3

Secondary alcohol

An alcohol win which the OH group is attached to a carbon that is attached to 2 charbon chains and 1 hydrogen atom.

OR

The carbon attached to the OH group is attached to 2 other carbon chains.

4

Tertiary alcohol

An alcohol in which the OH group is attached to a carbon atom that is attached to 3 carbon atoms and no hydrogen atoms

5

Volatility

The ease at which a liquid turns into a gas. Volatility increases as boiling points decrease

6

Elimination reaction

The removal of a molecule from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule

7

Aldehyde

E.g?

E.g ethanal

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8

Carboxylic acid

E.g?

Methanoic acid

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9

Ketone

E.g?

E.g. Propanone

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10

Carbonyl group

C=O

11

Reflux

The continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture back to the original container to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry

12

Oxidation

The loss of electrons or the increase in oxidation number